IPMSDL Statement Regarding Threat to the Life of Ms. Gloria Ushigua, Indigenous Peoples Rights Defender

gloeia ushigua1

The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) condemns the continuing harassment and threat on the life of Ms. Gloria Ushigua. Ushigua is a member of the IPMSDL, coordinator of the indigenous women’s group Ashinwaka and a staunch defender of indigenous peoples and environmental rights in Ecuador for almost a decade.

Recent events have led us to conclude that the threat on her life is real, and is posed by Ecuadorian state forces in collaboration with the Ecuadorian judiciary and several big multinational and state-owned companies interested in exploiting oil deposits in the territories of the Sapara people, of which Ushigua is a member. In 2013, government-owned media outlets started a smear campaign against Ushigua. In 2014 she was charged by the Ecuadorian court with terrorism, public obstruction and sabotage in relation to a peaceful assembly that Ushigua led.

In 2015 three policemen broke into Ushigua’s home in the city of Puyo,using teargas to immobilize Ushigua and her family members, beating her and torturing her using taser guns. Her property and home and office were also destroyed during the “raid.”

On 2 May 2016 her sister-in-law, Anacleta Dahua Cuji, was believed to have been raped and then killed while working on her farm by four men suspected of being Ecuadorian state agents. Her niece Casiela Grefa, on the other hand, was physically restrained by four men on 26 May 2016. They interrogated her regarding the whereabouts and activities of Ushigua. On 31 May 2016, in an act clearly meant to intimidate Ushigua, five unknown men camped outside her house throughout the night.

These acts by the Ecuadorian state agents and judiciary are clearly in violation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). Indigenous peoples all over the world have the right to self determination and the freedom to choose how to use their lands for the benefit of their people. No indigenous person should be abused, harassed, tortured or killed simply for protecting their territories.

These brazen acts of harassment by state agents against Ushigua remind us of other indigenous leaders like Xavier Akien of the Philippines, Jannie Lasimbang of Malaysia and countless other indigenous peoples’ rights advocates who risk their lives to fight for their rights as well as their children’s right to a better future. This also reminds us that in the modern-day world that we live in, rights defenders and advocates are faced with rising state militarism.

gloria ushigua2

We call on the Ecuadorian Government to heed the following calls:
1.Immediately cease harassment and threats to the life of Ms. Gloria Ushigua and her family;
2.Investigate and prosecute those responsible for harassment of Ushigua and her family which has caused the death of her sister-in-law Anacleta Dahua Cuji;
3.Cease the implementation of so-called development projects that are detrimental to the life and culture of the Sapara and other indigenous peoples in Ecuador;
4.Respect indigenous peoples’ right to self determination as enshrined in the UNDRIP, of which Ecuador is a signatory.

We call on the Inter-American Human Rights Council and the United Nations to:
1.Investigate and ascertain the culpability of Ecuadorian state agents in harassing Ushigua and other indigenous peoples’ and environmental activists;
2.Immediately determine the liability of large multi-national and State-owned companies in violating the rights of the Sapara peoples and other indigenous peoples in Ecuador.

We urge everyone to remain vigilant against all forms of attack on the right of indigenous peoples to self determination. We call on all advocates and activists to stand firm, to not be cowed, and to fight back where necessary and needed.

Stop the killings! End militarization! Fight Back!

Reference:
Ms. Beverly Longid
IPMSDL Global Coordinator

*photos courtesy of gettyimages.com and amazonwatch.org

IPMSDL Solidarity Statement to the Higaonon Peoples of the Philippines

clbf1q0ukaakra8The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) expresses its solidarity with the Higaonon people’s plight against militarization of their community. We also condemn the acts of State security forces in the Philippines that have forced the Higaonon peoples to move out of their homes and ancestral lands for fear of their lives.

This is not the first time the Higaonons have had to flee their homes in Barangay Banglay, Lagonglong town in Misamis Oriental province. The Philippine military also harassed the Higaonons of Lagonglong on the months of May, July and October 2015. The Higaonons were also forced to evacuate their homes and lands during those times for fear of further harassment and intimidation by state security forces.

The Higaonons of Lagonglong were once more forced to flee their homes on June 5, 2016 when members of the Philippine Army camped within their communities, forcibly entered their homes even when the homeowners denied them permission, and continuously asked them to turn over their arms despite the Higaonons’ denial of having any in their homes. State security forces have been pressing the Higaonons to accept the government’s so-called “peace and development” program even when the Higaonon’s have repeatedly refused to have anything to do with the government’s state security plan. The military also did not respect the verbal agreement made between the group’s leaders and the Philippine Army wherein state security forces had to ask permission from the Higaonons before entering their territory.

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These acts by the Philippine military are in clear violation of the indigenous peoples rights to self-determination and development. We join the Higaonon peoples’ call on the Philippine government and its security forces to:

1.Immediately pull out their forces encamped in the Higaonon lands in Brgy. Banglay, Lagonglong, Misamis Oriental, Philippines;
2.Cease further militarization, entering without consent, and putting up of detachments in Lumad communities;
3.Pull out all military troops stationed or encamped in indigenous lands;
4.Stop the recruitment of indigenous peoples in paramilitary groups;
5.Facilitate the return of thousands of Lumad evacuees to their ancestral domains without fear of reprisal;
6.Investigate cases of violations of indigenous peoples rights by state security forces;
7.Prosecute those responsible for violations of indigenous people’s rights.

We also urge the Philippine government to support the Higaonons in their evacuation camps until they are safely back in their homes. We encourage all indigenous peoples and human rights advocates to support the call of the Higaonons to return to their homes without fear of militarization.###

End Militarization! Fight Back!

Reference:
Ms. Beverly Longid
IPMSDL Global Coordinator

*photos courtesy of Panalipdan Youth NMR

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IPMSDL Statement on the Assumption of Mayor Rodrigo Duterte to the Presidency of the Republic of the Philippines

duterte-lumad-20150916_b4415df72e114ffab558691d20971d9a

The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) welcomes the pro-indigenous peoples rights pronouncements of Mr. Rodrigo Duterte as he assumes office as president of the Republic of the Philippines this June 30, 2016.

All over the world, indigenous peoples and their right to self determination are under attack by neo-liberal globalization. Large multi-national and state-owned corporations have repeatedly violated indigenous peoples’ rights to freely determine the utilization of their resources within their ancestral lands. Government security agents continue to harass and murder indigenous peoples rights defenders who valiantly fight against the violation of their rights to land and ancestral domain. Indigenous peoples right to development is undermined by development aggression and the self-serving agenda of bureaucrats in government.

The Philippines is no exception. Between July 2010 and September 2015, 82 indigenous peoples and environmental rights defenders have been murdered by government security forces and their para-military forces. Thousands of students were forced to stop schooling due to enforced closure of schools for indigenous peoples by the military, and thousands more have been forced to evacuate their ancestral lands due to militarization and red-baiting.

The IPMSDL welcomes Mr. Duterte’s pronouncements of support for the struggle of indigenous peoples and their right to self determination. We look forward to Mr Duterte’s fulfilling his promises of supporting the development of indigenous peoples and the protection of ancestral lands from destructive mining, logging and power companies.

In line with our commitment to further the cause of indigenous peoples, we call on the Duterte administration to:
1.End all forms of militarization of indigenous peoples communities;
2.Stop extrajudicial killings, vilification, red-baiting and harassment of indigenous peoples and environmental rights defenders;
3.Respect indigenous peoples’ right to self determination;
4.Provide basic social services for indigenous peoples, especially the women and children indigenous peoples;
5.Prosecute all government officials involved in fraudulent contracts that undermine the right to self determination of indigenous peoples, especially in the issuance of Certificates of Ancestral Domain Claims and Certificates of Ancestral Domain Titles.

However, we know that change is not instantaneous. We do see several urgent issues that we hope Mr. Duterte can address within the first 100 days of his presidency. We urge Mr. Duterte to:
1.Re-organize the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples to really serve the interests of indigenous peoples in the country;
2.Review and, if necessary, recall and cancel all contracts given to large-scale mining and energy corporations that are in violation of the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) of indigenous peoples;
3.Immediately pull out all government security and military forces encamped in indigenous peoples communities and prohibit them from entering indigenous peoples communities without permission from the community members themselves;
4.Allow all internally displaced indigenous peoples to return to their homes without fear of reprisal and harassment;
5.Dismantle the Alamara, Bagani, Magahat and other para-military forces under the Philippine Armed Forces that continue to harass and kill indigenous peoples rights defenders;
6.Re-establish indigenous peoples schools and other development and socio-economic projects that were forcibly closed under the previous administration.

We sincerely hope that under Mr Duterte, indigenous peoples will be free to exercise their right to self determination. Finally, we hope that, indeed, for indigenous peoples and other exploited people of the Philippines, change is coming.

Stop the Killings! End Militarization Now! Fight Back!

Reference:
Ms. Beverly Longid
IPMSDL Global Coordinator

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Joint Statement by Dewan Adat Papua and Alifuru Council in the 15th session of the UNPFII

Joint Statement by Dewan Adat Papua and Alifuru Council

Item 3: Follow-up to the recommendation of the Permanent Forum

(d) Follow-up to the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples

 

Delivered by Leonard Imbiri, General Secretary of Dewan Adat Papua

 

Mr. Chairperson, Distinguish members of the Permanent Forum, distinguish delegates, indigenous brothers and sisters,

Congratulations to Mr. Alvaro Pop for your appointment as Chairperson, and our indigenous relations Dr. Claire Charter and Professor James Anaya as advisers to the PGA.

Mr. Chair,

The continuing threats to the cultural heritage of Indigenous Peoples summons a planned approach by the United Nations and its member States to comply with their international human rights obligations relating to indigenous peoples, including those under the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and the commitments made in the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples outcome document.

We, the indigenous peoples of West Papua and South-Maluku are recognizing the significant role of the Forum in the advocacy for the implementation of the UN Declaration and the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples outcome document. We furthermore appreciate the commitments and reaffirmations made by Member States and UN agencies, however we are concerned that much work remains to be done for the full implementation of the outcome document within the United Nations, and its member States.

West Papua and South-Maluku are still consistently suffering from human rights violations, loss of their ancestral lands for extractive industries without their Free, Prior and informed consent, as they for example occur on the islands of Seram, Aru, and Romang in South-Maluku, and and Merauke in West Papua, and face grave violations when so-called development programs invade our indigenous territories. The right to freedom expression is really a big challenges and for example in West Papua, where 1,783 persons were arrested between 25 April and 2 May 2016 as they were organized peacefully demonstrations.

Mr. Chair,

The World Conference Outcome Document process is a positive established example that enabled a constructive dialogue between Member States and Indigenous Peoples. This is a partnership we appeal to the United Nations to continue, especially in light of the development of the system-wide action plan. We agree that it is high-time that the UN Declaration is streamlined and that regional and national UN mechanisms, including the regional commissions and the UN country teams, ensure that Indigenous peoples can meaningfully be part of the development and strategizing of programmes and activities in a structured and coherent manner.

 

The UN system must ensure the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples in this process in accordance with Article 18 of the UN Declaration, in this regard we reiterate previous calls for partnership and mutual respect between States and Indigenous Peoples, emphasizing that all parties must consult and cooperate in good faith with Indigenous Peoples allowing equal, direct and meaningful participation in existing dialogues in UN funds & specialized agencies, and the creation of mechanisms in processes that affect Indigenous peoples, the World Health Organization, International Maritime Organization, are such processes.

 

 

Therefore, we recommend to the Forum:

  • To promote and accommodate capacity development for member States and its officials on the UN Declaration, to achieve adequate national action plans, strategies, and measures for the implementation of the UN Declaration on the ground, and to overcome the obstacles in the advocacy for indigenous rights by member State officials in processes like UNFCCC.
  • That the members pro-actively advocate for the further development of a clear, concise, and complete System Wide Action Plan. Which includes mainstreaming the UN Declaration, not only in existing mechanisms and forums, but throughout the UN system to ensure that all agencies’ activities that affect indigenous peoples have a forum where indigenous peoples can participate in its decision making processes.

Thank you Mr. Chair,

 

Joint Statement of IPMSDL and its allied organizations and institutions in the 15th session of the UNPFII

JOINT STATEMENT ON “INDIGENOUS PEOPLES: CONFLICT, PEACE, AND RESOLUTION” (ITEM 4)

 Thank you. (This is a joint statement of the Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) and its allied organizations and institutions.)

We are appreciative that the Forum worked for this year’s theme – conflict, peace, and resolution that includes the urgent and growing concern of militarization – an issue often kept out of public information. However, in nearly every region of the world, militarization displaces and presents a direct threat to the ways of life and survival of Indigenous Peoples.

We see militarization in various forms such as in the encampment and occupation of indigenous villages to military combat operations or any so-called anti-terrorism actions, creation of paramilitary groups, construction of foreign or US military bases and testing facilities, and others.

Militarization has been and is a major cause of poverty among Indigenous Peoples worldwide.

It results in loss of lives, homes, and livelihood, as well as destruction and pollution of ancestral and sacred lands, material culture, and biodiversity and the environment.

Intensified military operations in indigenous territories leave communities without food, shelter or protection and with the killings of indigenous leaders force Indigenous Peoples to evacuate in other areas.The killing or assassination of indigenous and traditional leaders makes the community vulnerable to manipulation and coercion.

Militarization also makes women more vulnerable to sexual violence, harassment, and rape.

States legitimize all these through national security policies and anti-terrorism laws.

(Mr. Chairperson, our brothers and sisters have already spoken well on specific cases on the adverse impact of militarization, which I shall not repeat.)

We are concerned that the conflicts over valuable resources necessary for the survival of all shall further intensify and aggression against Indigenous Peoples shall escalate. Militarization shall play a major role for States and corporations to gain further control over Indigenous Peoples’ lands, territories, waters and all natural resources found therein, in violation of the right to free prior informed consent and self-determination (FPIC), and without restitution and compensation.

We are aware that SDG #16 addresses issues related to peace and justice. However, it fails to address the pressing concern of militarization of indigenous territories and communities.

In view of these, WE FORWARD THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS for the UNPFII to,

 

  1. Urge the States with existing national internal security policies and anti-terrorism laws such as the Philippines’ Anti-Terrorism Law and India’s Armed Forces Special Powers Act 1958 to review such domestic standards and ensure that such measures are compliant with international human rights principles and international humanitarian laws;

 

  1. Support the call for the pullout of State security forces in indigenous territories; disband, and disarm paramilitary groups and private military contractors that threaten, harass, and intimidate Indigenous Peoples with the aim of breaking their collective unity and struggles for land, life, and justice. In line with this, hold a session in the next UNPFII on paramilitary forces.

 

  1. Look into the expansion of the definition of Official Development Aid (ODA), which include “peace and security” costs, as well as costs related to “countering violent extremism.” Considering the OECD-DAC definition of “violent extremism,”which means,“Promoting views which foment and incite violence in furtherance of particular beliefs, and foster hatred which might lead to intercommunity violence.” It is vague, ambiguous and all encompassing that Indigenous Peoples assertion of the right to self-determination and defense of ancestral lands can fall under the definition of “violent extremism.”The shift might also clear the way for the militarization of aid, and the use of aid against Indigenous Peoples struggles and resistance.

 

  1. Urge the States to fulfill their commitments for world peace starting with reviewing towards withdrawing foreign military aid that supports military activities in indigenous territories, and reallocation and realignment of military spending to support basic and fundamental human right such as on health, education, and housing especially for Indigenous Peoples.

 

  1. Support the proposals that promote the independence and build the integrity of national human rights institutions to monitor, investigate and recommend actions on State-perpetrated violations of Indigenous Peoples human rights.

 

  1. Recognize indigenous peoples’ right to self-determination and inherent rights over lands and resources as one of the key means of ending militarization and subsequent impacts on indigenous communities.

 

Thank you!

Joint Intervention of CISA and Yamasi People in the 15th session of the UNPFII

*Spanish Translation follows by Google Translate/Traducción Español seguido por Google Translate

Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

15th Session – Theme: “Indigenous peoples: conflict, peace and resolution

New York, 9 – 20 May 2016.

 

Mr. Chairman,

Members of the Permanent Forum,

Indigenous Brothers and Sisters, may the Great Spirit guide us in this session.

Free, prior and informed consent is indispensable for world peace and security.

 

Therefore, in the name of the Consultancy of Indigenous Peoples in the North of Mexico, the International Community of Andean Wisdom (CISA) of Ecuador and the Yamasi People (USA), we respectfully present the following recommendations to the Permanent Forum:

 

  1. That the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues urge UN Member States in general and Mexico in particular to set out urgent actions and establish legal mechanisms for the implementation of their Constitutions on the right to prior consultation and the obtaining of the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples, according to ILO Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

 

With reference to the Mexican State, we ask: As a signatory to ILO Convention 169, to what extent has the Mexican State ethically fulfilled its commitments with reference to the prior consultation with Indigenous Peoples in all matters that concern them, such as legislative, political, administrative and development matters? To date, the mechanism used, the advisory services of the National Commission for Indigenous Peoples’ Development, has been inefficient, with inappropriate measures to achieve the aim of prior consultation. Good faith is lacking and the measures only serve to manipulate Indigenous Peoples, by working with particular groups in the communities who accept all of their demands.

 

  1. That the Permanent Forum request that Member States provide specific reports on the legal framework and procedures that exist for the granting of permits and concessions to national and international companies when they wish to develop projects on indigenous territories.

 

There are thousands of Indigenous Peoples who survive under an institutional colonial control that is aided by criminal transnational organizations (CTOs) through the colonial institutions of rape, prostitution, imprisonment and slavery, and under the protection of colonial laws. Therefore, we request that the Permanent Forum work together with the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in order to analyse the legal and economic aspects of the colonial institutions of rape, prostitution, imprisonment and slavery, their impact and possible solutions. EMRIP should report on the opportunities for implementing financial monitoring of Transnational Crime activities by Indigenous Peoples proscribed in UNTOC, which will reduce human rights abuses of Indigenous Peoples and neighbors.

 

  1. Our organizations are speaking out to request that this UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues urge the Mexican State to explain the disappearance of the 43 youths in Ayotzinapa, since it is a crime against Mexico and the world. Those youths are also our youths; those sons are also our sons.

 

Mr. Chairman:

When we speak of indigenous issues, we touch upon magic, beliefs, imagination, vision and the legitimate rights of original populations, the most ancient residents of the world, whose historical memory is found in each inhabitant of this planet, if we know it or not.

 

The patriarch and traditional singer, Don Juan Albañez Higuera (may he rest in peace), of the Pai Pai native indigenous community of the Santa Catarina Mission, in the Municipality of Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico, spoke about the relationship with the earth, the air, the clouds, water, and the sacred hills, dressed like women in white, which gave their people water, honey, deer, pine nuts and acorns, and to whom they gave thanks with their songs and ancestral dances.

 

We understand by this that indigenous territory has a spiritual conception with a sacred significance, that Indigenous Peoples see their territory as something essential to their existence and for which they consider they have been the guardians from time immemorial. Land, territory and Indigenous Peoples – the perfect ancestral trinomial – past, present and future seen through a special optical lens, difficult to understand for those who see these lands as goods, with a commercial and economic value. The habitat of these peoples is rich in natural resources and therefore attracts the attention of private interests and governments, who often receive the support of international agencies such as the World Bank or the Inter-American Development Bank, who are conscious of the acts and consequences that will harm Indigenous Peoples.

 

It is possible to cite many examples of destruction and the eviction of Indigenous Peoples and communities from their lands across the length and breadth of all continents, from Asia to America, including in the Sierra Tarahumara in the State of Chihuahua or in the native communities of Pai Pai, Cucapá, Kumiai, Kiliwa and Cochimí in the State of Baja California, Mexico.

 

Their demands stem from the decision to defend their natural resources, which constitute their livelihoods and their future as peoples; but this does not suffice for transnational companies to desist from their idea of taking control of these resources in order to convert them into goods that can be traded, with the support of national governments, who provide them with the necessary facilities.

 

On behalf of the Yamasi People, in North America we state:

 

UN Member States unilaterally decide to designate ‘sacrifice’ areas – areas to defoliate or poison with toxic substances for the good of “security”. The military solution is often the least productive response to tension or conflict. Indigenous Peoples propose solutions that allow opportunities for opposing sides to achieve their goals in good measure.  We propose a sharing approach, not an all-or-nothing approach.  Yamasi People, neighboring Indigenous Peoples, and our increasing number of colonial neighbors suffer from perpetual poisoning from nuclear radiation in the area of the Savannah River site, the largest nuclear weapons processing facility in the world.

 

The US has decreased security in the area of Savannah River site (SRS) by forcibly imposing on Indigenous and non-indigenous Peoples unwanted and unnecessary US-subsidized nuclear reactors in this same ‘sacrifice’ area. The US has decreased security in the area of SRS by soliciting nuclear waste from all over the world to traffick to original nations with SRS, with whom the US has no agreement for such activities.  World security is threatened by this concentration of nuclear material in a US-occupied area where the US continues to promote violence and refuses to negotiate peace with Indigenous Peoples.

 

Further, Yamasi People in particular are violently targeted by US-paid unsustainable developers. Yamasi are assaulted, raped, incarcerated, torture, trafficked, enslaved, and murdered by the US because we offer a more productive approach to peace and security planning. Because Yamasi People do not consent to the US unsustainable development agenda of building money-laundering facilities for transnational crime organizations, the US gives US federal tax money to the entities that the US has created to appropriate our identity. The US violates the reproductive rights of Yamasi women and girls instead of facilitating education and leadership development. Instead of negotiating with Yamasi leaders, the US generation after generation consciously and deliberately rapes Yamasi leaders.  This violence could end if the UN sanctioned Members practicing discrimination under the color of apartheid law, as the US does with US ‘Indian Law’.

 

Colonial authorities apply apartheid laws to authorize criminal transnational organizations to appropriate our indigenous identity for development purposes. When Indigenous Peoples oppose unsustainable development, the colonials—without the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples—create shell companies that are often criminal transnational organizations posing as Indigenous Peoples in order to assign them rights to the development of Indigenous Peoples. The international community has for too many generations supported these activities, with the explicit support of the progenitors of the European Union and its system of slavery based on the appropriation of the rights to development of Indigenous Peoples.

 

This system of granting the development rights of Indigenous Peoples to shell corporations that are criminal transnational organizations (TCOs) threatens world security because this type of development that lacks free, prior and informed consent has consequences such as conflict and climate change.

 

Free prior and informed consent is essential for world peace and security.

 

 

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

 

·         Consultoría de los Pueblos Indígenas en el norte de México, A.C. (CPINM)  MEXICO
[Consultancy of Indigenous Peoples in the North of Mexico]

EDIFICIO TORRE ESTRELLA, Calle Luis Cabrera # 2071 – Despacho 206

Zona Urbana Río, Tijuana, Baja California, México. C.P. 22010

Tel. +52 (664) 6340371 Cel. +52 (664) 1968079

consultoria_indigena@yahoo.com.mx

 

  • Comunidad del Saber Andino (CISA) ECUADOR
    [Community of Andean Wisdom]

Almendros s/n planta alta

Quito, Ecuador.

Tel. + (593) 999298117

manpujarksisa@gmail.com

 

  • Yamasi People

Box 60033 Savannah MGeorgia a 31420  North America

Ph. + (912) 376 9786

international@yamasi.org

********************

Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

15th Session – Theme: “Indigenous peoples: conflict, peace and resolution

New York, 9 – 20 May 2016.

 

 

Mr. Chairman,

Members of the Permanent Forum,

Indigenous Brothers and Sisters, may the Great Spirit guide us in this session.

 

Free, prior and informed consent is indispensable for world peace and security.

 

Therefore, in the name of the Consultancy of Indigenous Peoples in the North of Mexico, the International Community of Andean Wisdom (CISA) of Ecuador and the Yamasi People (USA), we respectfully present the following recommendations to the Permanent Forum:

 

  1. That the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues urge UN Member States in general and Mexico in particular to set out urgent actions and establish legal mechanisms for the implementation of their Constitutions on the right to prior consultation and the obtaining of the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples, according to ILO Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

 

With reference to the Mexican State, we ask: As a signatory to ILO Convention 169, to what extent has the Mexican State ethically fulfilled its commitments with reference to the prior consultation with Indigenous Peoples in all matters that concern them, such as legislative, political, administrative and development matters? To date, the mechanism used, the advisory services of the National Commission for Indigenous Peoples’ Development, has been inefficient, with inappropriate measures to achieve the aim of prior consultation. Good faith is lacking and the measures only serve to manipulate Indigenous Peoples, by working with particular groups in the communities who accept all of their demands.

 

  1. That the Permanent Forum request that Member States provide specific reports on the legal framework and procedures that exist for the granting of permits and concessions to national and international companies when they wish to develop projects on indigenous territories.

 

There are thousands of Indigenous Peoples who survive under an institutional colonial control that is aided by criminal transnational organizations (CTOs) through the colonial institutions of rape, prostitution, imprisonment and slavery, and under the protection of colonial laws. Therefore, we request that the Permanent Forum work together with the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in order to analyse the legal and economic aspects of the colonial institutions of rape, prostitution, imprisonment and slavery, their impact and possible solutions. EMRIP should report on the opportunities for implementing financial monitoring of Transnational Crime activities by Indigenous Peoples proscribed in UNTOC, which will reduce human rights abuses of Indigenous Peoples and neighbors.

 

  1. Our organizations are speaking out to request that this UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues urge the Mexican State to explain the disappearance of the 43 youths in Ayotzinapa, since it is a crime against Mexico and the world. Those youths are also our youths; those sons are also our sons.

 

Mr. Chairman:

When we speak of indigenous issues, we touch upon magic, beliefs, imagination, vision and the legitimate rights of original populations, the most ancient residents of the world, whose historical memory is found in each inhabitant of this planet, if we know it or not.

 

The patriarch and traditional singer, Don Juan Albañez Higuera (may he rest in peace), of the Pai Pai native indigenous community of the Santa Catarina Mission, in the Municipality of Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico, spoke about the relationship with the earth, the air, the clouds, water, and the sacred hills, dressed like women in white, which gave their people water, honey, deer, pine nuts and acorns, and to whom they gave thanks with their songs and ancestral dances.

 

We understand by this that indigenous territory has a spiritual conception with a sacred significance, that Indigenous Peoples see their territory as something essential to their existence and for which they consider they have been the guardians from time immemorial. Land, territory and Indigenous Peoples – the perfect ancestral trinomial – past, present and future seen through a special optical lens, difficult to understand for those who see these lands as goods, with a commercial and economic value. The habitat of these peoples is rich in natural resources and therefore attracts the attention of private interests and governments, who often receive the support of international agencies such as the World Bank or the Inter-American Development Bank, who are conscious of the acts and consequences that will harm Indigenous Peoples.

 

It is possible to cite many examples of destruction and the eviction of Indigenous Peoples and communities from their lands across the length and breadth of all continents, from Asia to America, including in the Sierra Tarahumara in the State of Chihuahua or in the native communities of Pai Pai, Cucapá, Kumiai, Kiliwa and Cochimí in the State of Baja California, Mexico.

 

Their demands stem from the decision to defend their natural resources, which constitute their livelihoods and their future as peoples; but this does not suffice for transnational companies to desist from their idea of taking control of these resources in order to convert them into goods that can be traded, with the support of national governments, who provide them with the necessary facilities.

 

On behalf of the Yamasi People, in North America we state:

 

UN Member States unilaterally decide to designate ‘sacrifice’ areas – areas to defoliate or poison with toxic substances for the good of “security”. The military solution is often the least productive response to tension or conflict. Indigenous Peoples propose solutions that allow opportunities for opposing sides to achieve their goals in good measure.  We propose a sharing approach, not an all-or-nothing approach.  Yamasi People, neighboring Indigenous Peoples, and our increasing number of colonial neighbors suffer from perpetual poisoning from nuclear radiation in the area of the Savannah River site, the largest nuclear weapons processing facility in the world.

 

The US has decreased security in the area of Savannah River site (SRS) by forcibly imposing on Indigenous and non-indigenous Peoples unwanted and unnecessary US-subsidized nuclear reactors in this same ‘sacrifice’ area. The US has decreased security in the area of SRS by soliciting nuclear waste from all over the world to traffick to original nations with SRS, with whom the US has no agreement for such activities.  World security is threatened by this concentration of nuclear material in a US-occupied area where the US continues to promote violence and refuses to negotiate peace with Indigenous Peoples.

 

Further, Yamasi People in particular are violently targeted by US-paid unsustainable developers. Yamasi are assaulted, raped, incarcerated, torture, trafficked, enslaved, and murdered by the US because we offer a more productive approach to peace and security planning. Because Yamasi People do not consent to the US unsustainable development agenda of building money-laundering facilities for transnational crime organizations, the US gives US federal tax money to the entities that the US has created to appropriate our identity. The US violates the reproductive rights of Yamasi women and girls instead of facilitating education and leadership development. Instead of negotiating with Yamasi leaders, the US generation after generation consciously and deliberately rapes Yamasi leaders.  This violence could end if the UN sanctioned Members practicing discrimination under the color of apartheid law, as the US does with US ‘Indian Law’.

 

Colonial authorities apply apartheid laws to authorize criminal transnational organizations to appropriate our indigenous identity for development purposes. When Indigenous Peoples oppose unsustainable development, the colonials—without the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples—create shell companies that are often criminal transnational organizations posing as Indigenous Peoples in order to assign them rights to the development of Indigenous Peoples. The international community has for too many generations supported these activities, with the explicit support of the progenitors of the European Union and its system of slavery based on the appropriation of the rights to development of Indigenous Peoples.

 

This system of granting the development rights of Indigenous Peoples to shell corporations that are criminal transnational organizations (TCOs) threatens world security because this type of development that lacks free, prior and informed consent has consequences such as conflict and climate change.

 

Free prior and informed consent is essential for world peace and security.

 

 

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

 

·         Consultoría de los Pueblos Indígenas en el norte de México, A.C. (CPINM)  MEXICO
[Consultancy of Indigenous Peoples in the North of Mexico]

EDIFICIO TORRE ESTRELLA, Calle Luis Cabrera # 2071 – Despacho 206

Zona Urbana Río, Tijuana, Baja California, México. C.P. 22010

Tel. +52 (664) 6340371 Cel. +52 (664) 1968079

consultoria_indigena@yahoo.com.mx

 

  • Comunidad del Saber Andino (CISA) ECUADOR
    [Community of Andean Wisdom]

Almendros s/n planta alta

Quito, Ecuador.

Tel. + (593) 999298117

manpujarksisa@gmail.com

 

  • Yamasi People

Box 60033 Savannah MGeorgia a 31420  North America

Ph. + (912) 376 9786

international@yamasi.org

 

NPMHR intervention on the 15th session of the UNPFII

Paper presentation during the 15th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 2016 on; “Indigenous Peoples; Conflict, Peace and Resolution” by Neingulo Krome, Secretary General, Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights at the United Nations Headquarters at New York on the 17th of May 2016.

By: NeinguloKrome, Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights

Respected Chair of the Permanent Forum, honorable Expert Members, distinguished Indigenous leaders and delegates, ladies and gentlemen.

Nagas are one of the indigenous peoples of Asia, who were independent and sovereign much like the ancient Greek city-states till Britishers found them and invaded their land in1832. Nagas fought back and resisted them till parts of their land were conquered and colonized in 1879 leaving a large area as un-administered and free from any kind of governance. So when the British Statutory Commission came to the then Naga Hills in 1929, the Nagas submitted their first written document, asking the British Government that the Naga Hills be withdrawn from the Reformed Scheme of India, in which the Naga Hills were included without their consent or knowledge, and to leave the Nagas alone to determine for themselves as in ancient times. Very unfortunately, when the British left the sub-continentand India started militarily occupying the Naga country, the British Government never even blinked its eyes not to talk of speaking a word to set records right.

So after India became Independent and Nagas refused to join the new Indian union and boycotted the first Indian General elections in 1952, Indian military troops were sent into the Naga Hills in 1953, to crush the Nagas. As a consequence, entire villages were burnt down,granaries, crops, cattle and domestic animals were not even spared. Woman raped, tortured and murdered in full view of family members and villagers and so on. The list is endless and dehumanizing.So to make a very long story short, let me just say that the political conflict of the Indigenous Nagasis known to be one of Asia’s longest running conflicts.

From then and until now, there have been numerous conflicts, also peace agreements and several attempts for resolution of the conflicts.  But all of these have failed to meaningfully serve its purpose, but ratherpromoted other more and newer conflicts.  For instance, there was the first Ceasefire, which came into effect on September 6, 1964and Peace negotiations were held between Naga leaders and the Government of Indiabut which could not resolve the conflict with India eventually and unilaterally breaking off the Ceasefire.

With resumptions of military operations on the Nagas, which saw more violence and destruction,pain and human sufferings and whichcameto the notice of the United Nations, the then Secretary General of the United Nations, Mr. Boutros Boutros Ghali, acknowledged and said; “there is human rights situation in Nagaland”.This revelation from the UN and other admissions made by a few Indian Army Generals, that the Naga problem cannot be solved militarily and must be solved politically, the 2nd Ceasefire came into effect on the 1st of August 1997.

It is almost 19 years now since the 2ndCeasefire had taken place and numerous Political negotiations have been going on without any concrete resolution.But nevertheless there have been positive outcomes in the various stages of negotiations despite the many frustrations. It was also only last year in August 3, 2015, that a FrameworkAgreement was also signed and which the Prime Minister of Indiahimself proudly announced to the international community in Dubaisaying that a final Peace settlement with the Nagas issue is at hand. But this also has not happened yet.

We do not know when a resolution to our Conflict will come which have been assured year after year. But what we do know is, that India is infested with all kinds of social and political unrest wherever Indigenous peoples live. Many Indigenous peoples even in North East India are also asserting their rights and have been fighting for their rights. The Naga political movement has been often branded as the “mother of all insurgency in North East India” which is not necessarily correct because of the nature in which Governments deals with Indigenous peoples and their issues. But whatever the case may be, nobody wants to live in a trouble-torn state of affairs all their lives but nobody will also easily give up their rights without some kind of respect to their human dignity. And therefore, almost every people’s movement in India is also watching how India is going to resolve the Naga issue. If the resolution of the Naga conflict is seen as “honourable and acceptable”, there are huge possibilities where other Indigenous Peoples movement may come forward for peaceful resolution as some are already doing. But if it is not, in all likelihood the situations in the already trouble-torn Indigenous areas may deteriorate.

Ladies and Gentlemen let me conclude by saying that the Indigenous Nagas fought and resisted the invading British colonials for 47 years;we were subjects of colonialism for 68 years. We have undergone all kinds of human sufferings and humiliation for another 50 years under military occupation of India.And we are now experiencing 19 years of Ceasefire.But during these last 19 years of Ceasefire and political negotiations we are also seeing psychological warfare, developmental aggressions,corruption and divisions at all levels of the society, while the energy of the peace loving citizens are drained just in trying to keep the peace process alive. Notwithstanding all of the above, and in the midst of all the turmoil, our lands and people weredivided into nation states of India and Burma (now Myanmar) and within India, into different states of Nagaland, Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh without our knowledge or consent which in itself is a manifestation of the colonial policy of “Divide and Rule” being imposed on us forcefully.

Finally, in line with the experiences of Nagas and other indigenous peoples of North East India, which are common to other indigenous peoples in Asia and perhaps around the world, we can draw some of the following common issues and recommendations:

  1. Indigenous peoples in Asia have faced long-standing conflicts beginning with colonial powers and now with States under which their territories fall. To resolve these conflicts, rights of indigenous peoples to self-determination need to be respected as per Articles 3 and 4 of the UNDRIP so that they can freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
  2. Besides political conflicts, development aggression of States in indigenous territories is adding to the worsening situation of indigenous peoples. Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources as guaranteed mainlyin Articles 26, 27, 28, 30 and 32 of the UNDRIP, including right against forced military activities in their lands should be fully implemented to prevent and resolve further land-related conflicts of indigenous peoples.
  3. International borders have divided indigenous peoples. This has denied them the right to maintain and develop contacts, relations and cooperation, including activities for cultural, political, economic and social purposes, with their own members as well as other peoples across borders, as required under Article 36 of the UNDRIP. States need to take more effective measures to implement this right in conjunction with the indigenous peoples.

 

Thank you

 

CRAM intervention on the 15th session of the UNPFII

15th Session of UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, UN HQ, 9 – 20 May 2016  

Agenda 4: implementation of the Six mandates areas of UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues: Focus on Human Rights

Respected Chair, I am Jiten Yumnam, speaking on behalf of the Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur, an indigenous peoples’ human rights organization.

Manipur in India’s North East has for long been afflicted with an armed conflict premised on its indigenous peoples’ movement for self-determination to reject India’s forced merger of Manipur on 15 October 1949. The self-determination efforts of indigenous peoples of Manipur, are responded militarily with promulgation of emergency laws, such as the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1958 (AFSPA) that conferred extra ordinary powers to the armed forces of Government of India, including using force on mere suspicion and to arrest people without warrant.  Other notorious and draconian laws applied in Manipur against indigenous peoples, includes the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act, 1967, the National Security Act, 1980 etc, the Indian Penal Code etc. The AFSPA, 1958declared Manipur entirely as a disturbed state, allowing the full scale deployment and militarization of Indian Armed Forces in Indigenous peoples land and territory in Manipur, in pretext of subduing indigenous resistance groups for self-determination. The militarization processes has led to intense violation of Human rights, ranging from violation of Right to Life and facilitated Land grabbing to facilitating development onslaught in Manipur, reinforcing State’s efforts to undermine peoples’ right to self-determination.

For long under the AFSPA, 1958, Manipur reels outside the framework of protection guaranteed by the International Human Right Law. More than 1500 fully confirmed cases of Extra Judicial Executions has been documented in Manipur from 1980’s till 2012, as documented by the Civil Society Coalition on Human Rights in Manipur and the UN. The UN special mandate holders, namely, the Special Rapporteur on human rights defenders, Ms. Margaret Sekaggya and the Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, Mr. Christoff Heyns during their visits in India’s North East in 2011 and 2012, have called for repeal of AFSPA, 1958 and referred to it as a unlawful implementation and violation of International Law in Manipur.

One of the most direct impacts of militarization and subjugation of indigenous peoples’ self-determination movement in Manipur is on women and children. There are countless victims of sexual harassment committed by Indian security forces. The sexual harassment of Chanu Rose in Ukhrul District, the rape of Mercy Kabui of Lamdan Village by 112 Battalion Central Reserve Police Force on 19 July 2000, rape of Ms. Nandeibam Sanjit of Jiribam Uchanthol by personnel of 12th Granadier Rifles on 4 October 2003, which led to her suicide and the rape and murder of Miss Thangjam Manorama on 11 July 2004 by personnel of the 17th Assam Rifles are some of the infamous cases of rape cases in Manipur. The denial of justice, failure to prosecute and punish armed forces personnel involved in violations led to impunity.  Ms. Radhika Coomaraswamy, former Special Rapporteur, also recorded many individual complaints of rape committed by security forces in Manipur in her report of 27 January 2000. (E/CN.4/2000/68/Add.1, Paragraphs 49-66).

Armed and resource conflict: An increased alarming reality associated with the armed conflict situation in Manipur and which complicates the persisting armed conflict is the aggressive plunder of land and natural resources. The violation of right to self-determination of indigenous peoples in Manipur is lucid clear in the pattern of aggressive push of corporate led development and associated militarism.

A serious challenge with developmental processes in Manipur is the failure to recognize the right to self-determination and self-determined development of indigenous peoples over their land and resources.

The ongoing efforts to complete Mapithel dam by blocking the Thoubal River and filling up Mapithel dam reservoir and the proposed move to construct the 1500 MW Tipaimukh Multipurpose Hydroelectric Project, and signing of four MoUs on four mega dams on 28 August 2014, without the free, prior and informed consent of indigenous communities constitute a clear effort to undermine indigenous peoples self-determination over their land and resources. The Tipaimukh dam will submerge more than 27,000 hectares of forest land and will destroy livelihood sources of indigenous communities of Manipur. Again, theGovernment of India granted license to Jubilant Oil and Gas Private Limited, a Dutch company, for exploration and drilling works2 in two oil blocks in Manipur without peoples’ consent and without considering the larger implications on indigenous peoples’ way of life, livelihood, intergenerational survival etc.The North East India Hydrocarbon vision, 2030 has also been framed without indigenous peoples consent and will led to expropriation of peoples land and resources.

Indian paramilitary forces, operating under the AFSPA, 1958, to counter self-determination movements are also deployed and involved in introducing unsustainable projects that led to confiscation and destruction of agriculture land, forest and other resources of Manipur. Militarization is also associated with introduction of unsustainable development projects, as evident by the militarization of Mapithel Dam site, Loktak Project site, Khuga Dam etc. Indigenous Peoples and women’s call for protection of productive agricultural land for prolonged economic subsistence and for sustainable and people friendly development are also met with brute and violent repression of indigenous women[1].

Three people, including women were killed and 25 people were injured in December 2005, when a combined team of Indian paramilitary forces, the Border Security Forces and the Indian Reserve Battalion opened fired on villagers affected by the Khuga Dam, who were demanding just compensation, in Churachandpur District of Manipur. On 3 November 2008, more than forty people, mostly women affected by the Mapithel Dam, demanding their basic rights were brutality beaten and inhumanely tortured by the Indian Reserve Battalion and the Manipur Police. The injured were all women belonging to different communities of Manipur, the Meitei, the Nagas and the Kukis. Ms. Lungmila AS of Louphong Village, Ukhrul District, was seriously injured in firing of Tear Gas canister and continues to remain in dysfunctional mental state till today. Indeed the former UN Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples Rights, Mr. James Anaya expressed strong condemnation with the Mapithel dam construction and the militarization process in 2008. The Indian State continues to insist on militarization process to undermine indigenous peoples’ efforts for self-determination over their land and has disturbed the profound relationships of Indigenous peoples in Manipur with their lands and territories, both physically and spiritually.

Recommendations: I would like to urge the UN Permanent Forum to urge upon the Government of India to:

  • Recognize the self-determined rights of indigenous peoples of Manipur as outlined in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, 2007.
  • Repeal the Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1958 and end all forms of militarization in Manipur.
  • Recognize indigenous peoples’ fundamental rights, especially “Right to Life & Justice remedy”.
  • Recognize indigenous peoples’ right to self-determined development with full recognition of their rights over their land and resources.
  • Enforce moratorium on all mega development projects which failed to take the free, prior and informed consent of indigenous communities of Manipur.
  • Repeal all policies and acts that foster privatization and corporatization of communities land such as the Manipur Hydro Policy, 2012, the Manipur Loktak Lake Protection Act, 2006 etc.
  • Stop Oil Exploration and Drilling by Jubilant Energy and other oil companies in Manipur
  • Stop construction of Mapithel dam.Decommission Ithai Barrage of the 105 MW Loktak HEP.Revoke the MoUs signed on 28 August, 2014 for construction of 60 MW Irang HEP project, 67 MW Khongnem-Chakha Hydro Electric Project, 190 MW Pabram Hydro Electric at Barak River and 51 MW Tuivai HEP projects in the Barak River basin.

 

CPA Intervention on the 15th session of UNPFII

UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues Fifteenth Session

9-20 May 2016, New York

 Intervention on Agenda Item 4: Implementation of the six mandated areas of the Permanent Forum with reference to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples

By: Sarah Dekdeken, CORDILLERA PEOPLES ALLIANCE (Philippines)

 Thank you Mister Chair for this opportunity to speak. Warm greetings everyone!

I represent the Cordillera Peoples Alliance, Philippines, which has consistently participated in the Permanent Forum since its First Session in 2002, recognizing theimportant role of the Forum in advancing indigenous peoples’ rights. The Forum has allowed us to raise the issues and concernsof the Igorots and other indigenous peoples of the Philippines.We have forwarded numerous recommendations to the Permanent Forum, in line with our struggle to defend our rights to land and resources that are being robbedby the State and foreign corporations.

However, we are deeply alarmed that after 14 sessions of the Permanent Forum, and nine years since the adoption of the UNDeclaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), the plight of indigenous peoples in the Philippines has turned from bad to worse. The Philippine government enacted the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act and established the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples(NCIP) supposedly to promote the rights and welfare of Philippine indigenous peoples. But these have been proven inutile in protecting our rights. In fact, the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples has served as an instrument in violating IP rights. And the UNDRIP and previous recommendations of the Permanent Forum have not been implemented at all.

Instead, the Philippine government continuesits reign of terror,committingcrimes against indigenous peoples, and outrightly violating our collective rights to our ancestral lands and plunder of our resources through destructive mining and energy projects. Its counter-insurgency programOplanBayanihan has resulted inthe militarization of our communities, extrajudicial killings,development aggression and other human rights violations committed with impunityagainst indigenous peoples.UnderPresident Benigno Aquino’s administration, at least one indigenous person is killed every month, with a total of more than90 victims from July 2010 to April 2016.

To cite a few recent cases:

  • In April 2016, the Vice Chairperson of the Cordillera Peoples Alliance, Mr. Xavier Akien,experienced death threatsthrough surveillance by armed men, which, in our experience, often leads to extrajudicial killing or enforced disappearance.
  • On April 1, 2016, in Kidapawan, Southern Philippines,the government brutally responded to thedemand for food aid by more than five thousand farmers andLumad indigenous peopleswith guns and bullets, leaving 2 farmers dead, more than 70 people wounded, and hundreds arrested.Indigenous peoples bear the brunt of climate change, while suffering the negative impacts of corporate mining, extractive industriesand government neglect of basic social services. In the past few months, El Nino has left hundreds of farmers’ families hungry, yet the Philippine government heartlessly denied them the basic human right to food.
  • In 2015, around five thousandLumad indigenous people in Mindanao fled their homes due to military operations, harassment and forced recruitment by paramilitary groups.
  • Indigenous schools run by non-government organizationscontinue to be attacked by State military forces and paramilitary groups,thereby depriving indigenous children and youth of the right to education.
  • Discrimination of indigenous peoples was again proven in the government’s denial of our participation to the Party List System in the recently concluded national elections.

These are just a few of the ethnocidal acts committed against indigenous peoples, which reflectthe worsening situationsimilarly experiencedby indigenous peoples around the world. We thus urge the Permanent Forum to take immediate and decisive steps to end the extrajudicial killing and indigenous peoples’ rights violations, and the State-driven misery faced by indigenous peoples in the Philippines.

We recommend:

  • That the Permanent Forum establish mechanisms to monitor and ensure the implementation of UNDRIP,and its recommendations at the country level.
  • That the Philippine Government take steps to respect and protectindigenous peoples’ rights to lands, resources, social and economic development, cultural integrity, education and health.
  • Thatoppressive laws, policies and programs thatdisplaceour communities, plunder our resources,destroy our environment,hinder our development,and violate our national sovereigntybe repealed/scrapped, such as the Philippine Mining Act of 1995, OplanBayanihan, Enhanced Defense Cooperation Agreement, among others.
  • Thatthe Philippine Governmentbe urged to comply with its obligations under International Humanitarian Law, the UNDRIP, and other international human rights instruments to which the Philippine government is a signatory.

 

Thank you for your attention.

IPMSDL Statement: Respect Indigenous Peoples Rights! Justice for Berta! Justice for All!

*Spanish and French Translation follows by Google Translate/Traducción español y francés, seguido por Google Translate/Traduction de l’espagnol et le français suivi par Google Translate

Respect Indigenous Peoples Rights. Justice for Berta! Justice for All!

07 April 2016

Picket at the Honduras Consulate in Manila, Philippines

(Google Translate)

 

Warm greeting from the international Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) – an international organization of indigenous peoples from the grassroots in various parts of the world. On behalf of its leadership and membership – we join in condemning and seeking justice for the murder of Berta Caceres and on the attempt on the life of his companion Gustavo on March 2; and the subsequent killing of their colleague, Nelson Garcia. Berta, Gustavo and Nelson are members of the National Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations in Honduras (COPINH).

 

The killing of Berta Caceres is not the first and definitely not the last among indigenous peoples and human rights defenders and environmental activists. It is not an isolated case. In fact, the killing of Berta mirrors the situation of indigenous peoples in Asia, Africa, the Pacific, and in North America and Europe.

 

According to Global Witness, a private institution that records violations of people’s rights – in 2014, at least 116 activists have been killed around the world – mostly in Brazil, followed by Colombia, the Philippines and Honduras. Most of the victims are indigenous peoples defending their ancestral lands against destructive projects in energy, and large-scale foreign mining.

 

The figures I just cited might even be higher as most cases of indigenous peoples rights violations escape public attention because they live in remote, poor, and hard-to-reach communities with limited access to communications and media; and most likely, the scant data for other countries is due to State repression on the media and other information outlets.

 

Why kill Berta Caceres?

 

Berta is an indigenous Lenca in Honduras, one of the leaders who led the protest against the construction of the Agua Zarca Dam – four dams to be built on the sacred river Gualgarque. With the consent of the government of Honduras, the said dam was to be built by a joint venture between the Chinese company Sinohydro, the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation, and the Honduran company Desarrollos ENERGETICOS or DESA.

 

Since 2006, the Lenca people opposed the construction of the dams because it shall disposses them of their ancestral lands, destroy their sources of water, food and traditional medicines, and livelihood. More importantly – they have not given their permission to build the dam on their land. There has not been even any consultation with them over the Agua Zarca Dams. In fact, the affected communities were surprised with the sudden arrival of large machines and other construction equipment construction in their communities. With the help of COPINH, they found out the construction of the dam. All these in violation of the rights of the Lenca people to their ancestral land and self-determination.

 

Like the Kalinga and Bontok who protested the construction of the Chico Dams in the Cordillera during the time of the US-Marcos Dictatorship, the people affected by the construction of the Jalaur Dam in Panay, the Kaliwa’t Kanan dams in Central Luzon – fight them Berta – combat the Lenca tribes in different ways. They conducted meetings with affected communities, set up barricades to prevent the entry of large machinery and equipment for the construction of the four dams. They also filed a case in the local court and the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights.

 

They partially succeeded in 2013 when the Sino Hydro and the World Bank withdrew from project. But DESA persisted in building the dam with the support of local large companies in Honduras.

 

As the fighting Lumad and indigenous peoples in other parts of the Philippines, Berta, Nelson and their other colleagues before experienced intimidation, threat, several attempts on their lives, several attempts of abduction and also faced trumped-up criminal cases like “usurpation, coercion and continued damages” because of their leadership in the fight against the dams. But they were not scared and continues to fight so the Goldman Environmental Foundation awarded Berta last year – the Goldman Environmental Prize – which paved the way for greater understanding and support in the struggle of the Lenca people against the Agua Zarca dams.

 

This why suspected agents of the government and its accomplices killed Berta!

 

Similarly, here in the Philippines, the government of Honduras turns the blame to Berta’s organization for her killing even though not a single evidence links their organization to the crime of murder of Berta.

 

All of these incidents are symptomatic of a systemic attack against indigenous peoples – ALL FOR PROFIT – by a collusion of the State and big corporations involved in energy projects, large-scale mining operations, logging, commercial and bio-fuel plantations, tourism and environmental ventures in the name of preservation and conservation. State-sanctioned violence and impunity intensify these destructions and continued operations; and further facilitates the acquisition of investors of indigenous lands that would otherwise not be for sale.

 

So, more intense violations of the rights of indigenous peoples around the world. 85% of the remaining biodiversity or natural resources of the world are found in the indigenous peoples lands. If the government of Honduras and the private company in the energy DESA thinks that by killing Berta Caceres shall stop the Lenca tribe in protesting the Agua Zarca Dams. They were wrong!

 

In the midst of growing poverty and violence, the unity and international solidarity of indigenous peoples and other exploited and oppressed peoples in the world broadens and strengthens – to prevent the plunder of big capitalists and seek justice for all victims of violence.

 

The IPMSDL calls on the government of Honduras to immediately bring to justice the killers and those behind the killing of Berta and Nelson, and stop the construction of the Agua Zarca Dams. We also call on the remaining investors to withdraw its support from the said dams, and for both to respect the rights of indigenous peoples to free, prior informed consent, ancestral lands and self-determination.

 

Berta Caceres Garcia and Nelson join the ranks of Indigenous Peoples Heroes around the world such as our very own Macliing Dulag, Ken Saro Wiwa of Ogoniland, Nigeria and our forebears who fought valiantly against colonization and occupation. They will inspire and motivate indigenous and non-indigenous peoples around the world to unite, fight and work for a better world.

 

Land not Bullets!

Long live the indigenous peoples struggle to defend ancestral lands and for self-determination.

Long Live International Solidarity.

 

Reference:        Beverly Longid

Global Coordinator

IPMSDL

 

__________________________________________________________

Respetar los derechos de los pueblos indígenas. Justicia para Berta! ¡Justicia para todos!

07 de abril de el año 2016

Piquete en el Consulado de Honduras en Manila, Filipinas

(Traducción Español por Google Translate)

 

Cálido saludo desde el Movimiento Internacional de Pueblos Indígenas para la libre determinación y Liberación (IPMSDL) – una organización internacional de los pueblos indígenas de las bases en diversas partes del mundo. En nombre de sus líderes y miembros – nos sumamos a la condena y la búsqueda de justicia por el asesinato de Berta Cáceres y en el atentado contra la vida de su compañero Gustavo el 2 de marzo; y el asesinato posterior de su colega, Nelson García. Berta, Gustavo y Nelson son miembros del Consejo Nacional de Organizaciones Populares e Indígenas de Honduras (COPINH).

 

La muerte de Berta Cáceres no es la primera, y sin duda no será la última entre los pueblos indígenas y defensores de derechos humanos y activistas ambientales. No es un caso aislado. De hecho, la muerte de Berta refleja la situación de los pueblos indígenas en Asia, África, el Pacífico y en América del Norte y Europa.

 

Según Global Witness, una institución privada que registra violaciónes de los derechos de las personas – en el año 2014, al menos 116 activistas han sido asesinados en todo el mundo – sobre todo en Brasil, seguido de Colombia, Filipinas y Honduras. La mayoría de las víctimas son indígenas que defienden sus tierras ancestrales contra los proyectos destructivos de la energía y la minería extranjera a gran escala.

 

Las cifras que acabo de citar, incluso podría ser mayor ya que la mayoría de los casos de los pueblos indígenas violaciónes de derechos escapar a la atención pública debido a que viven en comunidades remotas, pobres y de difícil alcance, con acceso limitado a las comunicaciones y los medios de comunicación; y lo más probable es que los escasos datos para otros países es debido a la represión de Estado sobre los medios de comunicación y otros medios de información.

 

Por qué matar a Berta Cáceres?

 

Berta es una indígena Lenca en Honduras, uno de los líderes que llevaron a la protesta contra la construcción de la presa de Agua Zarca – cuatro presas que se construirán en el río sagrado Gualcarque. Con el consentimiento del gobierno de Honduras, dicha presa debía ser construido por una empresa conjunta entre la empresa china Sinohydro, la Corporación Financiera Internacional del Banco Mundial, y la compañía hondureña Desarrollos Energéticos o DESA.

 

Desde 2006, el pueblo lenca se opusieron a la construcción de las presas, ya que se despojarlos de sus tierras ancestrales, destruir sus fuentes de agua, alimentos y medicinas tradicionales, y los medios de vida. Más importante aún – no han dado su permiso para construir la presa en su tierra. No ha habido aún ningún tipo de consulta con ellos sobre el Agua Zarca presas. De hecho, las comunidades afectadas se vieron sorprendidos por la repentina llegada de grandes máquinas y otros equipos de construcción de la construcción en sus comunidades. Con la ayuda de afrontamiento, se enteraron de la construcción de la presa. Todo esto en violación de los derechos del pueblo Lenca a sus tierras ancestrales y la autodeterminación.

 

Al igual que el Kalinga y Bontok que protestaron la construcción del Chico presas en la Cordillera durante la época de la Dictadura de EE.UU.-Marcos, las personas afectadas por la construcción de la presa de Jalaur en Panay, las presas Kaliwa’t Kanan en Luzón Central – lucha ellas Berta – combatir las tribus lencas de diferentes maneras. Se llevaron a cabo reuniones con las comunidades afectadas, levantaron barricadas para impedir la entrada de grandes máquinas y equipos para la construcción de las cuatro presas. También presentaron un caso en el tribunal local y la Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos.

 

Ellos tuvieron éxito parcialmente en 2013 cuando el Sinohydro y el Banco Mundial se retiraron del proyecto. Pero DESA persistió en la construcción de la presa con el apoyo de grandes empresas locales en Honduras.

 

Como los que luchan los pueblos Lumad e indígenas en otras partes de Filipinas, Berta, Nelson y sus otros colegas antes de la intimidación experimentado, amenaza, varios atentados contra su vida, varios intentos de secuestro y casos criminales falsos también se enfrentaron como “usurpación, coacción y los daños continua “debido a su liderazgo en la lucha contra las presas. Pero ellos no tenían miedo y continúa luchando por lo que la Fundación Ambiental Goldman otorgó Berta año pasado – el Premio Ambiental Goldman – que allanó el camino para una mayor comprensión y apoyo en la lucha del pueblo Lenca contra la represa de Agua Zarca.

 

Es por esto que los presuntos agentes del gobierno y sus cómplices mataron Berta!

 

Del mismo modo, aquí en las Filipinas, el gobierno de Honduras se vuelve la culpa a la organización de Berta por su muerte a pesar de que ni una sola evidencia vincula a su organización para el delito de asesinato de Berta.

 

Todos estos incidentes son un síntoma de un ataque sistemático contra las poblaciones indígenas – TODO POR GANANCIAS – por una connivencia del Estado y de las grandes corporaciones que participan en proyectos de energía, operaciones de minería a gran escala, la tala, plantaciones comerciales y bio-combustible, el turismo y el medio ambiente empresas en nombre de la preservación y conservación. la violencia y la impunidad sancionada por el Estado intensifican estas destrucciones y continuidad de las operaciones; y facilita aún más la adquisición de los inversores de las tierras indígenas que de otro modo no estarían a la venta.

 

Por lo tanto, más intensos violaciónes de los derechos de los pueblos indígenas de todo el mundo. 85% de la biodiversidad restante o los recursos naturales del mundo se encuentran en las tierras de los pueblos indígenas. Si el gobierno de Honduras y la empresa privada en el DAES energía piensa que matando Berta Cáceres detendrá la tribu lenca en protesta por el Agua Zarca presas. ¡Ellos estaban equivocados!

 

En medio de la creciente pobreza y la violencia, la unidad y la solidaridad internacional de los pueblos indígenas y otros pueblos explotados y oprimidos en el mundo amplía y fortalece – para evitar el saqueo de los grandes capitalistas y buscar justicia para todas las víctimas de la violencia.

 

El IPMSDL pide al gobierno de Honduras señalar directamente a la justicia a los asesinos y quienes están detrás de la muerte de Berta y Nelson, y detener la construcción del Agua Zarca presas. Llamamos también a los demás inversores a retirar su apoyo de dichas presas, y por tanto a respetar los derechos de los pueblos indígenas al consentimiento libre, previo e informado, tierras ancestrales y la autodeterminación.

 

Berta Cáceres García y Nelson se unen a las filas de los Pueblos Indígenas Héroes de todo el mundo como nuestro propio Macliing Dulag, Ken Saro-Wiwa de Ogoniland, Nigeria y nuestros antepasados que lucharon valientemente contra la colonización y la ocupación. Ellos inspirar y motivar a los pueblos indígenas y no indígenas en todo el mundo a unirse, luchar y trabajar por un mundo mejor.

 

La tierra no balas!

Larga vida a los pueblos indígenas luchan para defender las tierras ancestrales y por la autodeterminación!

 

Viva la solidaridad internacional!

 

Referencia:       Beverly Longid

Coordinador Global

IPMSDL

 

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Respecter les droits des peuples autochtones. Justice pour Berta! Justice pour tous!

07 Avril 2016

Picket au consulat du Honduras à Manille, Philippines

(Traduction française par Google Translate)

 

Accueil chaleureux du Mouvement international des peuples autochtones pour l’autodétermination et la libération (IPMSDL) – une organisation internationale des peuples autochtones de la base dans diverses parties du monde. Au nom de ses dirigeants et de membres – nous nous associons à condamner et demander justice pour l’assassiner de Berta Caceres et sur la tentative de la vie de son compagnon Gustavo le 2 Mars; et le meurtre ultérieur de leur collègue, Nelson Garcia. Berta, Gustavo et Nelson sont membres du Conseil national des organisations populaires et indigènes du Honduras (COPINH).

 

Le meurtre de Berta Caceres est pas le premier et certainement pas le dernier parmi les peuples autochtones et les défenseurs des droits humains et des militants écologistes. Il est pas un cas isolé. En fait, le meurtre de Berta reflète la situation des peuples autochtones en Asie, en Afrique, dans le Pacifique, et en Amérique du Nord et en Europe.

 

Selon Global Witness, une institution privée qui enregistre les violations des droits de la personne – en 2014, au moins 116 militants ont été tués dans le monde – la plupart du temps au Brésil, suivi par la Colombie, les Philippines et le Honduras. La plupart des victimes sont des peuples autochtones qui défendent leurs terres ancestrales contre des projets destructeurs de l’énergie, et à grande échelle minière étrangère.

 

Les chiffres que je viens de citer pourraient même être plus élevé que la plupart des cas des peuples autochtones violations des droits de l’attention du public échappent parce qu’ils vivent dans des collectivités éloignées, pauvres, et difficiles à atteindre avec un accès limité aux communications et aux médias; et le plus probable, les rares données pour les autres pays est due à la répression de l’Etat sur les médias et autres canaux d’information.

 

Pourquoi tuer Berta Caceres?

 

Berta est un autochtone Lenca au Honduras, l’un des leaders qui ont mené la protestation contre la construction du barrage Agua Zarca – quatre barrages à construire sur le fleuve sacré Gualcarque. Avec le consentement du gouvernement du Honduras, ledit barrage devait être construit par une joint-venture entre la société chinoise Sinohydro, la Société financière internationale de la Banque mondiale, et la société hondurienne Desarrollos Energéticos ou DESA.

 

Depuis 2006, les lenca opposés à la construction des barrages, car il doit les déposséder de leurs terres ancestrales, de détruire leurs sources d’eau, la nourriture et les médicaments traditionnels, et des moyens de subsistance. Plus important encore – ils n’ont pas donné leur autorisation pour construire le barrage sur leurs terres. Il n’a pas été encore aucune consultation avec eux sur Agua Zarca Dams. En fait, les communautés affectées ont été surpris par l’arrivée soudaine de grandes machines et autres travaux de construction de matériel de construction dans leurs communautés. Avec l’aide de COPINH, ils ont découvert la construction du barrage. Tout cela en violation des droits du peuple Lenca à leurs terres ancestrales et l’autodétermination.

 

Comme le Kalinga et Bontok qui a protesté contre la construction du Chico barrages dans la Cordillère pendant le temps de la dictature US-Marcos, les personnes affectées par la construction du barrage de Jalaur dans Panay, les barrages Kaliwa’t Kanan à Luzon Central – lutte les Berta – lutter contre les tribus Lenca de différentes manières. Ils ont organisé des réunions avec les communautés affectées, ont érigé des barricades pour empêcher l’entrée des grandes machines et équipements pour la construction des quatre barrages. Ils ont également déposé une plainte devant le tribunal local et la Commission interaméricaine des droits de l’homme.

 

Ils partiellement réussi en 2013 lorsque la Sino Hydro et la Banque mondiale se sont retirés du projet. Mais DESA a persisté dans la construction du barrage avec le soutien de grandes entreprises locales au Honduras.

 

Comme les Mamanwa et indigènes de défense dans d’autres régions des Philippines, Berta, Nelson et leurs autres collègues avant d’intimidation expérimenté, menace, plusieurs tentatives sur leur vie, plusieurs tentatives d’enlèvement et aussi confrontés affaires pénales forgées de toutes comme «l’usurpation, la coercition et les dommages continue »en raison de leur leadership dans la lutte contre les barrages. Mais ils ne sont pas peur et continue de se battre pour la Fondation Goldman pour l’environnement décerné Berta an dernier – le Goldman Environmental Prize – qui a ouvert la voie à une meilleure compréhension et le soutien à la lutte du peuple Lenca contre le barrage Agua Zarca.

 

Ce pourquoi présumés agents du gouvernement et de ses complices tués Berta!

 

De même, ici, dans les Philippines, le gouvernement du Honduras met le blâme à l’organisation de Berta pour sa mise à mort, même si pas une seule preuve lie leur organisation pour le crime d’assassiner de Berta.

 

Tous ces incidents sont symptomatiques d’une crise systémique contre les peuples autochtones – TOUT POUR PROFIT – par une collusion de l’État et les grandes sociétés impliquées dans des projets d’énergie, l’exploitation minière à grande échelle, l’exploitation forestière, les plantations commerciales et bio-carburants, le tourisme et l’environnement entreprises au nom de la préservation et de conservation. la violence et l’impunité État sanctionnée intensifier ces destructions et la poursuite des opérations; et facilite en outre l’acquisition des investisseurs de terres indigènes qui autrement ne seraient pas à vendre.

 

Ainsi, les violations plus intenses des droits des peuples autochtones du monde entier. 85% de la biodiversité restante ou les ressources naturelles du monde se trouvent dans les terres des peuples autochtones. Si le gouvernement du Honduras et l’entreprise privée dans le DESA énergétique pense qu’en tuant Berta Caceres doit arrêter la tribu Lenca pour protester contre l’Agua Zarca Dams. Ils avaient tord!

 

Au milieu de la pauvreté croissante et la violence, l’unité et la solidarité internationale des peuples autochtones et d’autres peuples exploités et opprimés dans le monde élargit et renforce – pour empêcher le pillage des grands capitalistes et demander justice pour toutes les victimes de violence.

 

Le IPMSDL appelle le gouvernement du Honduras de mettre immédiatement en justice les assassins et ceux qui sont derrière le meurtre de Berta et Nelson, et d’arrêter la construction de l’Agua Zarca Dams. Nous appelons également les autres investisseurs de retirer son soutien à partir desdits barrages, et à la fois de respecter les droits des peuples autochtones au consentement libre, préalable, les terres ancestrales et l’autodétermination.

 

Berta Caceres Garcia et Nelson rejoignent les rangs des peuples autochtones Heroes dans le monde entier comme notre propre Macliing Dulag, Ken Saro Wiwa d’Ogoniland, Nigeria et nos ancêtres qui ont combattu vaillamment contre la colonisation et de l’occupation. Ils vont inspirer et motiver les peuples autochtones et non autochtones dans le monde entier pour unir, combattre et travailler pour un monde meilleur.

 

Terrain non Bullets!

 

Vive les peuples autochtones luttent pour défendre leurs terres ancestrales et pour l’autodétermination.

 

Vive la solidarité internationale.

 

Référence:        Beverly Longid

Coordinateur Global

IPMSDL                       IP Killings Berta Caceres_FRENCHIP Killings Berta Caceres_SPNIP Killings Berta Caceres_ENG