Scroll down for the Spanish translation / Desplácese hacia abajo para la traducción al Español
Kawsak Sacha: An Assertion of the Right to Self-Determination
Statement of Support of the International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) for Kawsak Sacha of the Kichwa of Sarayaku
The Kichwa of Sarayaku, Indigenous Peoples of the Amazon rainforest in Ecuador, has one of the richest histories across Latin America in defending their territories against plunder and exploitation. Companies and governments have had several attempts to enter the territories of Sarayaku for oil, timber, and minerals extraction. But the determination of the Sarayaku community to defend their territories never faltered. In 2012, the Kichwa people were victorious in stopping oil exploration that could have devastated their ancestral lands, displaced them from their communities, and brought serious ecological damage to the entire Amazon. In spite of this victory, the Kichwa people remain steadfast in protecting the Amazon forest, which is critical in their survival.
The Indigenous Peoples of Sarayaku are active in all fronts to preserve their territory for the future generations. They engage in grassroots actions to stop the entry of companies, community organizing, lobbying and dialogues with the Ecuadorian government, UN processes to seek support, and international solidarity work to build broad network for their campaigns.
Last March 24, 2018 in an international gathering in their community, the Sarayaku upheld the Kawsak Sacha or The Living Forest. This is a proposal made by and for the Kichwa of Sarayaku. The proposal banks on three basic principles: the recognition of their territory and their commitment to its protection and conservation against plunder, the viability and practice of their culture that emanates from their relationship with the land and all biodiversity therein, and, implement a model of life plan and exercise of self-determination.
The IPMSDL believes that Kawsak Sacha is a continuing fight of the Kichwa people in asserting their rights to land, self-determination and way of life amidst the global pressure of imperialist domination. Kawsak Sacha is an invaluable contribution of the Sarayaku community to the world that brings proofs of the sustainability of Indigenous practices and traditions in utilization and management of natural resources.
It counter poses the prevailing notion that Indigenous Peoples are anti-development. Rather, it is an alternative model to the capitalist system that plunders our territories and natural resources for super profits of the few. It is a practice of self-determined sustainable development. Hence, a better world is possible.
Kawsak Sacha reflects the collective effort and strong political will of all Sarayaku people to survive. It is in this light that solidarity among the Sarayaku, other Indigenous Peoples, and all the oppressed and marginalized peoples of the world shall be promoted and strengthened against a common enemy that perpetuates injustices.
It is in this context that IPMSDL supports Kawsak Sacha and their struggle for land, life, and resources against further exploitation. We encourage all – indigenous and non-indigenous peoples – to read, study and share the document. Hopefully, in its practice and application, Kawsak Sacha shall be further enhanced.
LONG LIVE KAWSAK SACHA!
LONG LIVE THE STRUGGLE OF THE SARAYAKU PEOPLE AND ALL INDIGENOUS AND OPPRESSED PEOPLES OF THE WORLD!
UNITE AND STRUGGLE FOR OUR RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION AND LIBERATION!
El Kawsak Sacha: una consagración del derecho a la autodeterminación
Declaración de apoyo del Movimiento Internacional de los Pueblos Indígenas por la Liberación y la Autodeterminación (IPMSDL) al Kawsak Sacha de los kichwa de Sarayaku
Los kichwa de Sarayaku, un pueblo indígena de la selva amazónica del Ecuador, poseen una de las experiencias más curtidas en toda Latinoamérica a la hora de defender su territorio contra la explotación y el expolio. Numerosos son los gobiernos y las compañías que han intentado entrar en el territorio de Sarayaku en busca de petróleo, madera y minerales. Sin embargo, la determinación con la que la comunidad de Sarayaku defiende su territorio nunca ha flaqueado. En 2012, los kichwa lograron paralizar unas exploraciones petrolíferas que, de haber seguido adelante, habrían conllevado la destrucción de su territorio ancestral, el desplazamiento de sus comunidades y daños medioambientales graves en toda la región del Amazonas. Alcanzaron la victoria, pero no por ello el pueblo kichwa ha cejado en su empeño por proteger la selva amazónica, un elemento crucial para su supervivencia.
Los pueblos indígenas de Sarayaku combaten activamente en todos los frentes posibles con el fin de preservar su territorio para las generaciones venideras. Participan activamente en acciones sobre el terreno para paralizar la entrada de las empresas, así como en la organización de la comunidad, iniciativas de cabildeo, diálogos con el gobierno de Ecuador, procesos de la ONU para reunir apoyo y proyectos de solidaridad internacional para tejer una amplia red para sus campañas.
El pasado 24 de marzo de 2018, en un encuentro internacional en su comunidad, los pueblos de Sarayaku defendieron el Kawsak Sacha o “selva viviente”. Se trata de una propuesta realizada por y para los kichwa de Sarayaku. Se basa en tres principios básicos: el reconocimiento de su territorio y de su compromiso a protegerlo y conservarlo frente al expolio; la viabilidad y práctica de su cultura, que emana de su relación con la tierra y toda su biodiversidad; y la implementación de un modelo de plan de vida y ejercicio de autodeterminación.
A ojos del IPMSDL, el Kawsak Sacha representa una continuación de la lucha del pueblo kichwa por consagrar sus derechos sobre la tierra, así como a la autodeterminación y a conservar su estilo de vida en un contexto de presión global por la dominación imperialista. Con el Kawsak Sacha, la comunidad de Sarayaku aporta una contribución de un valor inestimable al planeta. Se trata de una prueba de la sostenibilidad de las tradiciones y prácticas indígenas en cuanto al uso y la gestión de los recursos naturales.
Este modelo se contrapone a la idea prevalente de que los pueblos indígenas están en contra del desarrollo; por el contrario, representa un modelo alternativo al sistema capitalista, que expolia nuestros territorios y nuestros recursos naturales para el gran beneficio de tan solo unos pocos. Conforma una práctica de desarrollo sostenible y autodeterminado gracias a la cual un mejor mundo es posible.
Mediante el Kawsak Sacha, la comunidad de Sarayaku hace gala de un esfuerzo colectivo y una sólida voluntad política por sobrevivir. En este contexto, queremos promover y reforzar la solidaridad entre la comunidad de Sarayaku, los otros pueblos indígenas y todos los pueblos marginados y oprimidos del mundo frente a un enemigo común perpetuador de injusticias.
Por todo ello, el IPMSDL respalda el Kawsak Sacha y su lucha por la tierra, la vida y los recursos frente a la explotación creciente. Alentamos a todos, ya sean pueblos indígenas o no indígenas, a que lean, estudien y compartan el documento. Con suerte, el Kawsak Sacha se verá fortalecido en el futuro, tanto en la práctica como en su aplicación.
¡VIVA EL KAWSAK SACHA!
¡VIVA LA LUCHA DE LOS PUEBLOS DE SARAYAKU Y DE TODOS LOS PUEBLOS INDÍGENAS Y OPRIMIDOS DEL MUNDO!
¡UNÁMONOS Y LUCHEMOS POR NUESTRO DERECHO A LA AUTODETERMINACIÓN Y A LA LIBERACIÓN!
The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL)
reiterates its condemnation of the Philippine Government’s attack against human rights activists and
organizations. After tagging IP leaders and human rights defenders as terrorists, the Duterte
administration is hell-bent in demonizing its critics and silencing democratic dissent by claiming that
human rights organizations (HROs) are “unwitting tools of drug lords to hinder the strides made by the
administration [on the war against drugs].”
This newest tirade against HR defenders proves that previous efforts to delegitimize principled criticism
have failed miserably, after strong condemnation domestically and internationally. Tactics like this further
unmasks the anti-people character of the administration. This psy-war against HR defenders is nothing
short of concealment for the administration’s failure to address the root causes of poverty, inequality,
and marginalization, and its ineptitude to bring change that the President has promised.
While the administration continues to claim that their war against drugs are harboring positive results,
the President and his team are hypocrites as they have been purposely turning a blind eye on big drug
personalities, including the reported involvement of former Davao City Vice Mayor Paolo Duterte in a drug
syndicate. This administration’s Department of Justice has easily named 600+ individuals as “terrorists”
without any evidence while acquitting self-confessed drug lords, Kerwin Espinosa and Peter Lim.
Together with other movements in the country, we strongly oppose the administration’s war against
drugs. This war, which has only led to the massacre of thousands of the country’s poor, including
Indigenous Peoples, is nothing but a desperate move by the government to pacify social unrest. We
challenge the President to address issues of land rights, unemployment, inaccessibility of education,
among others, and stop silencing and discrediting those who rightfully fight for the rights of the people.
In these trying times when the state is purposely sowing confusion and mistrust among the people, let us
remain vigilant and stand our ground against Duterte’s tyrannical rule. IPMSDL stands with human rights
activists all over the world fighting for freedom and genuine democracy.
CONDEMN DUTERTE’S TERRORIST RULE!
HUMAN RIGHTS ACTIVISTS ARE NOT TERRORISTS! STOP CRIMINALIZING DISSENT!
CASE BRIEF: Petition to Proscribe [Civil Case R-MNL 18-00925 CV]
The Department of Justice vs. The Communist Party of the Philippines and The New Peoples Army aka Bagong Hukbong Bayan
NATURE OF THE PETITION
On February 21, 2018, the Department of Justice (DoJ) an executive agency of the Republic of the Philippines filed a petition with the Regional Trial Court, Branch 19 of the National Capital Region against the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and the New People’s Army (NPA). The said petition seeks to declare the CPP and NPA “as a terrorist and outlawed organizations, associations, and/or group of persons” under the Human Security Act (HSA) of 2017 (Republic Act 9372) also known as the Anti-Terrorism law.
The Human Security Act defines and penalizes terrorism under existing provisions of the Revised Penal Code and several criminal laws mainly through acts it perceives that “thereby sowing and creating a condition of widespread and extraordinary fear and panic among the populace, in order to coerce the government to give to an unlawful demand” and “to overthrow the duly constituted authorities and to seize control of the Philippine Government through armed struggle.” It carries a penalty of forty (40) years imprisonment without the benefit of parole.
Integral to the petition is a list of 656 names that the DoJ claims to be known officers and members of the CPP and NPA. While the petition is directed to the CPP and NPA, the inclusion of the names in the said petition also seeks or has the effect to declare those named also as terrorists. Thus, it puts them at risk for warrantless arrests and detention, even torture, enforced disappearance or extrajudicial killing.
While the petition is based on a penal law i.e. the HSA, the petition for proscription is not a criminal case. It is a civil case. Hence, the Court shall not issue a warrant of arrest in this case for the individuals named in the petition. However, under the HSA, the government can consider said individuals as suspects of the crime of terrorism. The law allows any police or law enforcement agent to arrest and detain for three days without warrant said suspects on written authority of the Anti-Terrorism Council provided that such arrest was carried out after a Court of Appeals-authorized surveillance and examination of bank deposits. Just the same, from our experience in the cases of trumped-up charges against activists, many were arrested and detained even without a warrant with the police routinely using planted firearms and explosives.
Named in the petition are activists belonging to legitimate organizations including Indigenous Peoples (IP), notably,
The list is largely composed of aliases and unknown persons John and Jane Does, which allows the amendment of the petition to include any other persons.
Suspiciously, “the list also contains seven names of paramilitary group members including four from the notorious New Indigenous Peoples’ Army (NIPAR), led by Alde ‘Butchoy’ Salusad, who have standing warrants for the killing of Lumad leader Datu Jimmy Liguyon” in 2012. These paramilitary claim to be former NPA and openly admitted to have surrendered to the military. Most likely, the government shall use them as state witnesses against the activists so listed.
The DoJ to support its petition cites several alleged documents of the CPP and NPA, and incidents, and pending criminal cases that are probably trump-up in several trial courts in the country as acts of terrorism. However, nothing in the petition proves the government’s allegation that the persons named therein are officers and members of the CPP and NPA nor does it state the involvement of said persons in the stated incidents and pending cases.
The above charges are not only false and fabricated. They are baseless and malicious with intent to harass and intimidate those listed in the petition and the people’s mass movement to submission. It is meant to cripple the people’s mass movement in the country and criminalize the legitimate struggles of the people by treating such as terrorist acts.
We appeal to all to support the campaign of activists under attack in the Philippines. You can issue statements of concern and condemnation, sign our online urgent action addressed to the Philippines President and concerned government agencies, write your government to stop military and security aid to the Philippines, and join actions here and abroad. You can also show your support by contributing to the campaign and legal defence fund.
Those listed in the petition have implemented security measures to ensure their safety and security while allowing them to continue their work and advocacy. Those who have been served with summons like Satur Ocampo and Rafael Baylosis as movants (not as respondents) filed with the Court their respective motion to dismiss. Others where the Court has not yet gained jurisdiction over their persons (either through service of summons or publication) are in the process of consulting with lawyers on how to proceed for the dismissal of the petition, delist their names from the said list, and ensure that their life and rights are protected. They shall definitely look into the accountability of those responsible for putting not only their lives but also those of their colleagues, families and loved ones in danger. EOF/BLL
The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) strongly condemns the Department of Justice’s (DOJ) harassment of human rights defenders in the Philippines by filing trumped-up charges against alleged terrorists.
The Government of the Philippines, through the DOJ, filed a petition in court naming over 600 leaders and activists as terrorists for allegedly “using acts of terror to sow fear and panic to overthrow the government”. Among the accused is IPMSDL Global Coordinator and CPDE (CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness) Co-chair, Beverly Longid. Beverly is an Indigenous Bontok-Kankanaey activist from Cordillera, who has served various national and international organizations and alliances upholding Indigenous Peoples’ (IP) right to self-determination and liberation.
Other Indigenous rights activists included in the petition are Cordillera Peoples Alliance (CPA) Chairperson Windel Bolinget; SANDUGO co-chairperson Joanna Cariño; former Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP) Secretary-General Joan Carling; former member of the UN Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP) Jose Molintas, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Vicky Tauli-Corpuz; and at least 10 Lumad leaders from southern and northern Mindanao.
The above charges are not only false and fabricated. They are baseless and malicious with intent to harass and intimidate those listed in the petition and the people’s mass movement to submission. It is meant to cripple the people’s mass movement in the country and criminalize the legitimate struggles of the people by proscribing them as terrorist acts.
We condemn the Duterte government for filing trumped-up charges against IP and human rights defenders while protecting big businesses and landlords who steal and plunder indigenous peoples’ ancestral lands and resources.
Nevertheless, the government is gravely mistaken if it believes that intimidation and harassment will stop the people from fighting back and exercising their democratic rights. While injustice prevails and human rights are violated with impunity, there will be more human rights defenders who will rise up against tyranny.
We demand that the Government of the Philippines drop all trumped-up charges against human rights defenders be accountable for all human rights violations committed – directly through killings, torture, forced evacuations, etc.; and indirectly through the inaction and inutility of mandated government agencies such as the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples. We call on our international friends and allies to stand in solidarity with us and to support the campaign to put an end to criminalization of IP and human rights activists!
STOP THE CRIMINALIZATION & HARASSMENT OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES & HUMAN RIGHTS DEFENDERS!
FREE ALL POLITICAL PRISONERS!
On the Frontline: Indigenous Women Rise to Struggle for Self-Determination
This International Women’s Day, the International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) salutes the women of the world who stand for the rights of Indigenous Peoples (IP)! We celebrate the invaluable contributions that Indigenous women have made and continue to make for the advancement of the global struggle for self-determination and liberation! They have marched, protested, and fought for us and with us all the while tending to our families, working multiple jobs, and dealing with the institutionalized discrimination and gender biases.
It comes as no surprise that Indigenous women are found in the frontlines of movements defending Indigenous lands and cultures as historically, they have always enjoyed prominent roles in human affairs be it as community leaders, healers, artists, or warriors. However, during the onslaught of colonization and when private interests took over, the women’s role in our economic, political, and socio-cultural survival was purposely belittled if not totally invisible.
This manifests until today in the cases of Maxima Acuña, an indigenous farmer living in the highlands of Peru (i) and Patricia Gualinga, a Kichwa leader from Ecuador (ii) who both have stood for the IP’s right to free, prior, and informed consent and spoke against destructive mining industry in Latin America and are being harassed and threatened for it. As in Cordillera, women human rights defenders currently face trumped-up charges for belonging in people’s organizations that work for the promotion and respect of Indigenous peoples’ rights (iii) similar to Ahmed Tamimi of Palestine who was arrested for standing up against abusive Israeli soldiers occupying their homeland (iv). Meanwhile, the story of the Kuy women of Preah Vihear who vigorously lead the campaign against a Chinese sugar company’s land grabbing remains unknown in most parts of the world (v).
Although employing different forms of struggle, these women act so that the generations to come could inherit a sustainable and livable planet and yet they are constantly attacked through extrajudicial killings, trumped-up charges, forced evacuation, harassment, intimidation, and illegal arrests by the very state that is mandated to protect them. The Aboriginals in Canada’s plight of missing and murdered Indigenous women is similar to the situation of West Papuan women who are constantly subjected to shootings, torture, and sexual violence under Indonesian occupation just as criminalization of human rights and environmental defenders to discredit the Indigenous resistance in Latin America is also a tactic used widely by governments in Southeast Asia.
That is why on this day, we also remember the women who have offered their lives in the pursuit of a world free from all forms of oppression. From Honduras’ Berta Caceres to the Kurdish Female Freedom Fighters of Rojava – these women have truly exemplified gender emancipation by choosing not to remain in subordinate positions as dictated by the exploitative system. More will rise from their ranks as long as injustice abounds.
In these times when there are systematic attempts to disempower Indigenous women, IPMSDL invites all Indigenous peoples and advocates to stand in solidarity with them in upholding our fundamental human rights. Join us in demanding accountability from states, corporate actors, and international financial institutions that sabotage our sovereignty and liberties, and put an end to all forms of violence against women! We call on all Indigenous women to take part in the struggle for our right to self-determination!
Reference: Beverly Longid, IPMSDL Global Coordinator, firstname.lastname@example.org
The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) strongly condemns the killing of Ricardo Mayumi, an indigenous and environmental activist from Ifugao, Cordillera. Mayumi was shot dead inside his house last March 2 by suspected members of the Citizens Armed Forces Geographical Units (CAFGU). The CAFGU are paramilitary units that function as private armies of corporations, under the tutelage of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP).
Mayumi, a member of the Ifugao Peasant Movement (IPM), was known for his active stance against the Sta. Clara International Corporation and Ayala Corporation’s hydroelectric project in Tinoc, Ifugao. According to the IPM, he defended the ancestral lands of the Cordillera during his engagements with the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples (NCIP), the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), and some Congress representatives. Prior to the incident, Mayumi already received death threats through phone calls and messages.
The continuing harassment and killings of Indigenous rights activists further expose the fascist nature of the state against Indigenous Peoples (IP) who fight to protect their ancestral lands from corporate plunder and environmental destruction. Only profit-driven interests benefit from the suffering and death of Indigenous communities. Two decades after the enactment of the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA), the killings and harassment of Indigenous Peoples have only escalated showing its inutility, and how the legal system only favors the rich and powerful as it remains aloof and weak in upholding the rights of IP.
IPMSDL demands justice to the death of Ricardo Mayumi and for all the victims of extrajudicial killings. Hold the AFP and Philippine government accountable as perpetrators of attacks and violations against Indigenous rights defenders. We urge the government to pull out its military, CAFGU, and paramilitary troops out of our communities. We demand the government of the Philippines to stop development aggression projects that only bring injustices, plunder of our natural wealth, and destruction of our environment.
IPMSDL honors all the fallen heroes who selflessly fought for the IP right to land, liberty, and self-determination.
JUSTICE FOR RICARDO MAYUMI!
DISMANTLE THE CAFGU & ALL PARAMILITARY GROUPS!
MILITARY TROOPS OUT OF OUR COMMUNITIES!
DEFEND OUR ANCESTRAL LANDS AND RIGHT TO SELF-DETERMINATION!
The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination & Liberation (IPMSDL) strongly condemns the continuing and heightening exploitation and repression by the combined forces of Heng
Fu Sugar Industry Company and the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC) against the Indigenous Kuy of Preah Vihear, Cambodia.
Heng Fu and its subsidiaries, Lan Feng, Rui Feng, Heng Nong, Heng Rui, and Heng You, easily obtained 42,000 hectares land concession, which is more than the allowable limit of 10,000 hectares per entity, by circumventing the Land Law of 2001 and of Subdecree No. 146 on Economic Land Concession of 2005. They have been detrimentally operating in Preah Vihear since 2012 when it started clearing lands in preparation for a sugarcane plantation. In 2013, Heng Fu signed an agreement with the Indigenous communities stating that the company would stop plowing rice fields but even then, the company went on clearing forests and plowing over farm huts and rice fields. The community was left with nothing but destroyed land, livelihood, cultural identity, and sacred sites. Children had to drop out of
school because their families could no longer support their education. Until today, there has been no proper free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) process nor impact assessments conducted.
The active investment and involvement of Chinese government and companies in Cambodia is part of their One Belt One Road (OBOR) Initiative that aims to take a larger role in controlling the political and economic affairs in the Mekong subregion, in general. As an expression of their imperialist domination, they have encroached the lands of Indigenous Peoples in Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos for building dams along the Mekong River, extractive operations, and plantations projects. These development aggression projects push Indigenous communities and other vulnerable sector to further marginalization.
In response to the increasing human rights violations in Preah Vihear, community villagers and organizations submitted complaints and petitions to the provincial court, to the RGC, to the Chinese Embassy in Cambodia, and to the UN Working Group on Business and Human Rights calling for the immediate cancellation of the concessions. However, these engagements
fell on deaf ears and worse, military forces are being deployed to suppress people’s uprising by assaulting, arresting, making death threats, and doing other forms of harassment against the villagers. Moreover, the company has engaged in bribery with local authorities who tolerates such atrocities.
The unabating attacks to the rights of the people and the ineptitude of the RGC to protect the rights of the people have fueled resistance against exploitation and repression. The villagers held camp-outs and
blockades to denounce and delay the operations of Heng Fu in their communities while asserting their right to land, resources, and territory. It also draws national and international attention and support.
IPMSDL demands accountability from the Royal Government of Cambodia and the government of China as duty-bearers and enablers of these supposed development ventures. Thorough investigation by an independent group should be conducted on all cases of human rights violations committed by the State and company forces against the people of Preah Vihear.
We stand with the people of Preah Vihear in their call for the immediate cancellation of Heng Fu’s sugarcane concessions and just compensation for all the losses and damages. We strongly call for the repeal of the economic land concession and other related policies.
We oppose the OBOR of China and other imperialist interventions that only perpetuate human rights violations, loss of livelihoods, and environmental and cultural degradation.
The current political situation in Cambodia underscores the need to continuously and collectively fight the systemic resource plunder and political repression. The history of Indigenous Peoples resistance relies on our collective strength and struggle. We must bring our peoples movement to new and greater heights to defeat all forms of exploitation and repression by imperialist powers and their local cohorts!
LONG LIVE THE STRUGGLING INDIGENOUS KUY AND PEOPLES OF CAMBODIA!
RESPECT THE RIGHTS OF IP TO LANDS AND TERRITORIES!
PULL OUT HENGFU AND ITS SUBSIDIARIES FROM PREAH VIHEAR!
STOP THE LAND GRABBING AND HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN CAMBODIA! JUNK THE ELC!
NO TO OBOR AND IMPERIALIST DOMINATION IN MEKONG!
We, the undersigned, demand a stop to the massive landgrabbing and destruction of the lands of peasants and indigenous communities in Preah Vihear, Cambodia by Chinese conglomerate Guangdong Hengfu Group Sugar Industry Co., Ltd.
Hengfu’s operations directly impact 25 villages inhabited by more than 200,000 people. It has razed local forests and farmland and caused the loss of livelihood, poisoning of waterways, destruction of ancient cultural sites, and irreparable damage to the Kuy people’s indigenous heritage. The operations have been associated with various repressive schemes aimed at restricting locals’ organized activities and resistance and forcefully displacing them. In some cases, this repression has been carried out directly by Chinese workers.
We call on the Kingdom of Cambodia to revoke the economic land concessions (ELCs) given to Hengfu’s subsidiaries – Heng Nong, Heng Rui, Lan Feng, Heng You, and Rui Feng – that are enabling the conversion of almost 40,000 hectares of land owned and used by local and indigenous communities into large-scale plantations for sugarcane for export. We demand that the Cambodian government, together with the provincial authorities of Preah Vihear, hold Hengfu accountable for its violations of domestic and international environmental and human rights guidelines and standards. They should also uphold and protect the interest of the Kuy people in recognition of their inherent rights as indigenous peoples.
We also urge the Government of the People’s Republic of China to remove Hengfu from Cambodia and remove all such exploitative Chinese corporations from Cambodia and the whole Mekong region. China should comply with its international commitments that will serve to protect the environment and uphold human and indigenous people’s rights.
We stand with the local and indigenous communities who are battling Hengfu and China’s landgrabbing, eviction, and destruction of the environment in Cambodia.
STAND WITH THE COMMUNITIES OF CAMBODIA!
STOP HENGFU’S LAND GRABBING AND REPRESSION!
CAMBODIA, JUNK ECONOMIC LAND CONCESSIONS!
CHINA, HANDS OFF COMMUNITY LANDS, CAMBODIA AND MEKONG!
Scroll down for the Spanish translation / Desplácese hacia abajo para la traducción al Español
Indigenous Peoples Under Fire: Attacks on Indigenous Rights Defenders of Latin America
The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) strongly condemns the continuing and heightening attacks on Indigenous rights defenders in Latin America. Throughout Latin America and across the globe, imperialist powers and their local cohorts have aggressively been exploiting the ancestral lands and territories of Indigenous Peoples (IP) which undermines and violates their very rights to self-determination and self-determined development. Consequently, those who defend land and Indigenous rights are targeted with constant harassment, intimidation, and prosecution by State apparatus – be it the government, the law, or the military.
Last January 5, Patricia Gualinga of the Kichwa People of Sarayaku received death threats from an unidentified individual while at home with her family in Puyo, Ecuador. The attacker also threw rocks at her house and other physical damage to her property.[i] Patricia and the Kichwa People have actively fought for their lands and livelihoods against Chinese oil extractive projects and the exploitation of the Bobonaza River. The illegal appropriation of ancestral lands without the free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) of the indigenous peoples have caused numerous cases of human rights violations.
The recent incident of harassment against Kichwa People is not an isolated case as it is also happening in other Indigenous communities in the continent. In Guatemala, Juan Eduardo Caal Suram of the indigenous Maya-Q’eqchi’ community, is currently on house arrest and facing trumped-up charges of “illicit association” and “unlawful assembly and demonstrations” among others because of his efforts to defend environmental and Indigenous rights.[ii]
A few months before Suram’s arrest, Carlos Maaz Coc, also from the Maya-Q’eqchi’ community, was shot dead while attending a peaceful demonstration calling on Guatemalan authorities to resolve the contamination of Lake Izabal due to Guatemalan Nickel Company’s operations.[iii]
The Indigenous Peoples of Argentina also faced numerous attempts to be dispossessed of their territories last year which led to repression, imprisonment, and deaths of IP.[iv] The Mapuche people have been demanding land rights for decades and received nothing but demonization by the State to delegitimize them as a people. Among the victims of this brutal repression are Rafael Nahuel and Santiago Maldonado. The 22-year-old Nahuel was shot during an operation of security forces against the Mapuche Ancestral Resistance in Villa Mascardi. On the other hand, Maldonado disappeared after he was arrested at a demonstration for the rights of the Mndigenous group in southern Argentina on August 1. Almost 3 months after his disappearance, he was found dead in a river.
Repression of IP are further enabled by inutile and deceptive government agencies. The Government of Argentina has appointed an individual from an NGO as head of the National Institute of Indigenous Affairs (INAI) which is well known to favor the private sector. The NGO, Cambio Democrático Foundation, held a lot of dialogues with the Mapuche community supposedly to get their consent but in the end, still promoted hydraulic fracturing to increase oil and gas production in Mapuche land, which brings risks of ground and surface water contamination, and air and noise pollution.
Capitalist accumulation sustains political persecution; national economic power and transnational power need the use of force to consolidate and reproduce. Alberto Acosta, Ecuadorian economist, says that, “All extractives, not only mining, are vertical processes that displace, uniform, dominate and colonize. In these visions, there are no collectives or plurinationalities.” Many Indigenous rights defenders, who have been victims of political prosecution and harassment in Latin America, have opposed natural resource exploitation in their territories. We urge governments in Latin America to stop development projects that only promote socio-economic injustices and environmental destruction for the benefit of the ruling elite at the expense of the people. IPMSDL demands justice to all Indigenous martyrs and heroes who selflessly served the interest of Indigenous communities.
IPMSDL calls on the indigenous Peoples’ organizations, communities, and advocates in Latin America to resist and defeat fascist offensives against our people and plunder of our territories. We must strengthen our international solidarity with all the oppressed peoples of the world in our struggle for self-determination and liberation! It has been proven since time immemorial that only through our collective struggle in asserting our Indigenous and democratic rights, victories are ours! ###
Reference: Beverly Longid, Global Coordinator | email@example.com
Pueblos indígenas bajo fuego: Ataques contra los defensores de los derechos indígenas de América Latina
El Movimiento Internacional de Pueblos Indígenas para la Autodeterminación y la Liberación (siglas en ingles IPMSDL) condena enérgicamente los continuos y crecientes ataques contra los defensores de los derechos indígenas en América Latina. En toda América Latina y en todo el mundo, las potencias imperialistas y sus cohortes locales han estado explotando agresivamente las tierras y territorios ancestrales de los Pueblos Indígenas (PI), que socavan y violan sus propios derechos a la autodeterminación y al desarrollo autodeterminado. En consecuencia, aquellos que defienden la tierra y los derechos indígenas son blanco de hostigamiento, intimidación y persecución constantes por parte del aparato del Estado, ya sea el gobierno, la ley o el ejército.
El pasado 5 de enero, Patricia Gualinga del Pueblo Kichwa de Sarayaku recibió amenazas de muerte de un individuo no identificado mientras estaba en casa con su familia en Puyo, Ecuador. El atacante también arrojó piedras a su casa y otros daños físicos a su propiedad. Patricia y el pueblo Kichwa han luchado activamente por sus tierras y sus medios de subsistencia contra los proyectos de extracción de petróleo de China y la explotación del río Bobonaza. La apropiación ilegal de tierras ancestrales sin el consentimiento libre, previo e informado (CLPI) de los pueblos indígenas ha causado numerosos casos de violaciones de derechos humanos.
El reciente incidente de hostigamiento contra el pueblo Kichwa no es un caso aislado, ya que también está sucediendo en otras comunidades indígenas del continente. En Guatemala, Juan Eduardo Caal Suram, de la comunidad indígena Maya-Q’eqchi ‘, se encuentra actualmente bajo arresto domiciliario y enfrenta acusaciones falsas de “asociación ilícita” y “asambleas y manifestaciones ilegales”, entre otros, debido a sus esfuerzos para defender el medio ambiente y derechos indígenas.
Unos meses antes del arresto de Suram, Carlos Maaz Coc, también de la comunidad Maya-Q’eqchi ‘, fue asesinado a tiros mientras asistía a una manifestación pacífica en la que pedía a las autoridades guatemaltecas que resolvieran la contaminación del lago Izabal debido a las operaciones de Compañía Guatemalteca de Níquel.
Los Pueblos Indígenas de Argentina también se enfrentaron a numerosos intentos de ser desposeídos de sus territorios el año pasado, lo que llevó a la represión, el encarcelamiento y la muerte de la propiedad intelectual. El pueblo mapuche ha estado exigiendo derechos a la tierra durante décadas y no ha recibido nada más que la demonización por parte del Estado para deslegitimarlos como pueblo. Entre las víctimas de esta brutal represión están Rafael Nahuel y Santiago Maldonado. Nahuel, de 22 años, recibió un disparo durante una operación de las fuerzas de seguridad contra la Resistencia Ancestral Mapuche en Villa Mascardi. Por otro lado, Maldonado desapareció luego de ser arrestado en una manifestación por los derechos del grupo indígena mapuche en el sur de Argentina el 1 de agosto. Casi 3 meses después de su desaparición, fue encontrado muerto en un río.
Los organismos gubernamentales inútiles y engañosos permiten aún más la represión de la propiedad intelectual. El Gobierno de Argentina ha designado a un individuo de una ONG como jefe del Instituto Nacional de Asuntos Indígenas (INAI), que es conocido por favorecer al sector privado. La ONG, Fundación Cambio Democrático, sostuvo una gran cantidad de diálogos con la comunidad mapuche supuestamente para obtener su consentimiento, pero finalmente promovió la fracturación hidráulica para aumentar la producción de petróleo y gas en tierras mapuche, lo que genera riesgos de contaminación de aguas subterráneas y superficiales. y contaminación del aire y el ruido.
La acumulación capitalista sostiene la persecución política; el poder económico nacional y el poder transnacional necesitan el uso de la fuerza para consolidarse y reproducirse. Alberto Acosta, economista ecuatoriano afirma que, “Todos los extractivismos, no solamente la minería, son procesos verticales, que desplazan, que uniforman, que dominan y colonizan. En esas visiones no existen los colectivos o las plurinacionalidades”. Muchos defensores de los derechos indígenas, que han sido víctimas de persecución política y hostigamiento en América Latina, se han opuesto a la explotación de los recursos naturales en sus territorios. Instamos a los gobiernos de América Latina a detener los proyectos de desarrollo que solo promueven las injusticias socioeconómicas y la destrucción del medio ambiente en beneficio de la elite gobernante a expensas del pueblo. IPMSDL exige justicia a todos los mártires y héroes indígenas que sirvieron desinteresadamente el interés de las comunidades indígenas.
El IPMSDL hace un llamamiento a las organizaciones, comunidades y defensores de los pueblos indígenas de América Latina para que resistan y derroten las ofensivas fascistas contra nuestro pueblo y el saqueo de nuestros territorios. ¡Debemos fortalecer nuestra solidaridad internacional con todos los pueblos oprimidos del mundo en nuestra lucha por la autodeterminación y la liberación! ¡Desde tiempos inmemoriales se ha demostrado que solo a través de nuestra lucha colectiva para afirmar nuestros derechos indígenas y democráticos, las victorias son nuestras! ###
Referencia: Beverly Longid, Coordinadora Global | firstname.lastname@example.org
IPMSDL calls to uphold human rights in the Philippines amid US-Duterte regime’s “terrorist” crackdown in light of IHR Day commemoration
The International Indigenous People’s Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) slams the US-Duterte’s fascist regime and its display of ruthless disrespect to the Filipino people’s rights and civil liberties. The Philippine government is acting as the major human rights violator, waging terroristic attacks against its people, and it is doing so under the auspices of the imperialist US.
The Movement raises grave alarm over Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte’s rising tyranny, which intensified militarization and human rights violations against Indigenous Peoples, rights defenders, and activists all over the Philippines. The state-perpetrated attacks peaked days before the International Human Rights Day, as the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) escalated its counter-insurgency efforts that included civilians and legal organizations critical of the US-Duterte regime as targets.
IPMSDL particularly condemns the recent massacre of indigenous Lumads by military elements last Dec. 3 in Sitio Datalbong, Barangay Ned, Lake Sebu, South Cotabato, Philippines. The 27th and 33rd Infantry Batallion of the AFP killed eight and wounded two of T’boli and Dulangan Manobo farmers as they were about to harvest their crops from their farmland, which was formerly a 300-hectare coffee plantation for Nestle recently regained from the corporate giant David M. Consunji, Inc. (DMCI). Prior to the incident, the military accused on media one of the victims, Datu Victor Danyan, to be a commander of the New People’s Army (NPA).
Aside from that, military offensives caused Lumad communities in Sarangani province and Surigao del Sur in Mindanao to forcibly evacuate. Soldiers have even imposed food blockade to evacuees, alleging that they are supporters of the NPA. Lumad schools also continue to face harassment on ground and even online.
Meanwhile, in other parts of the country, rights defenders and activist leaders are experiencing harassments in various forms due to Duterte’s crackdown order against the militant mass movement. The number of cases documented are rising at the daily. These include the killing of two religious leaders in Luzon and the death threats received by countless activists in major cities.
All these took place less than a month ago since Duterte’s termination of the peace talks with the National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP) through Presidential Proclamation No. 360, and the branding of the belligerent Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP) and its armed wing NPA as terrorists through Presidential Proclamation No. 367. As if these are not enough, the AFP recommended the extension of Martial Law in Mindanao, which Duterte may expand to the whole country.
It is timely now, more than ever, to call for the upholding of human rights in observance of the International Human Rights Day. IPMSDL joins the Filipino people in the demand for land, livelihood, rights, justice, and accountability for all inhumane acts of the US-Duterte regime and the AFP.
JUSTICE FOR THE VICTIMS OF LAKE SEBU MASSACRE!
DEFEND HUMAN RIGHTS AND CIVIL LIBERTIES! STOP THE KILLINGS!
FIGHT THE US-DUTERTE REGIME’S TYRANNY! RESIST THE CRACKDOWN!