Advancing Development Effectiveness in Indigenous Territories: IPMSDL in the 1st International Dayak Congress

By Jiten Yumnam
Email: mangangmacha@gmail.com

The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination & Liberation (IPMSDL), the focal organization for the Indigenous Peoples Sector of the CSO Partnership for Development Effectiveness (CPDE), attended the 1st International Dayak Congress held at Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia from 24th until 26th July 2017. The Congress was organized primarily to discuss and converse among diverse stakeholders the advancement of the rights, indigenous cultures, way of life, and sustainable development among the Dayak people inhabiting the Sabah and Sarawak side of Malaysia and the West Kalimantan in the Borneo Islands. The IPMSDL delegates representing CPDE include Mr. Atama Katama, International Advisor of the Borneo Dayak Forum, Ms. Beverly Longid, IPMSDL Global Coordinator, and Mr. Jiten Yumnam, Secretary of the Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur. They shared the issues and challenges in realizing development effectiveness in indigenous territories.


Ms. Beverly Longid, Global Coordinator of IPMSDL

IPMSDL organized a solidarity event on Development Effectiveness on 26th July which was attended by around 200 participants. Ms. Beverly Longid shared the history of colonization of indigenous peoples and their struggle and resistance for land, rights, and for survival. She also shared that the intrusion on indigenous peoples’ land of mining, oil exploration, large infrastructure projects, and the subsequent disrespect of traditional customary practices, multifaceted environment impacts, corporatization, and privatization, have further negated their self-determination. Indigenous peoples land and territories are also subjected to increased conflict, instability, militarization, human rights violations, and repression of traditional institutions and organizations. Ms. Longid also stressed the importance of building solidarity among different communities, stakeholders, and sectors which are equally or similarly exploited like indigenous peoples.


Mr. Atama Katama of the Borneo Dayak Forum and IPMSDL

Mr. Atama Katama of the Borneo Dayak Forum shared that indigenous peoples land in the Borneo islands, especially those in Sabah and Sarawak, Malaysia and West Kalimantan, Indonesia, are subjected to increased intrusion of multinational private companies pursuing oil palm and rubber plantations, as well as coal and mineral mines. He also shared that Free Trade Agreements and the insistence on liberalization over production for profit and privatization has seriously undermined indigenous peoples’ rights in Indonesia. The Trans Pacific Partnership Agreement will further accelerate and reinforce monopoly capitalism in the Asian region and he stressed the need to uphold development justice.

The increased loss of land and forests to Palm oil plantations is worsening the loss of the Dayak peoples’ culture, rituals, traditional knowledge, and livelihood dependence on healthy forest. The originality of knowledge that comes from traditional knowledge, customary laws, rituals, dances, knowledge about indigenous plants and food, traditional healing, etc. is really valuable for indigenous communities. The changing globalized world is often detrimental to the prevalence of such traditional knowledge and the sharing and exchange of knowledge among the Dayak people involving the youths to further enliven the living cultures and mitigate the threats and challenge. Defending the land and forest in Kalimantan, along with imparting indigenous knowledge among the Dayak youths, is one way of defending indigenous peoples’ way of life and cultures and in asserting their self-determination over their land, lives, cultures, and future, and to resist imperialist globalization and corporate expansionism.


Mr. Jiten Yumnam of the Centre for Research and Advocacy – Manipur and IPMSDL

Mr. Jiten Yumnam of the Centre for Research and Advocacy, Manipur shared that unsustainable and destructive development projects have threatened the survival of indigenous peoples of Manipur and North East. The 105 MW Loktak Hydroelectric Project, the Mapithel Dam, submerged 80,000 acres of land. The Proposed 1500 MW Tipaimukh dam, 190 MW Pabram Dam, and others that are expected to rise, will submerge 60,000 acres of land. Enabling environment has been fostered for private sector functioning while restrictions and targeting of indigenous peoples and human rights defenders are increasing. Despite the global accord agreed in Busan HLM, many governments refused to recognise the independent role of Civil Society in development. States have worked against indigenous peoples’ rights and organizations and denied their right to self-determination and to free, prior, and informed consent.

The IPMSDL event ended with emphasis on the recognition of indigenous peoples’ rights and also for all stakeholders, the State, and the corporate bodies in particular, to uphold CPDE’s key messages, viz, advancing human rights approach to development, promoting environmental sustainability, gender equality, CSO’s Enabling Environment, private sector accountability, just peaceful & a secure world order, and an inclusive multi-stakeholder partnership towards advancing development effectiveness.

The CPDE delegates also propagated that the role of CSOs recognised in the Busan Principles is carried forward in all development processes. Multi-stakeholder partnership should not only be for Public Private Partnership (PPP) or for the profit of corporations.

The 1st International Dayak Congress was also an occasion for sharing of experiences among indigenous peoples and for exposure to indigenous communities affected and challenged by mono cultivation in West Kalimantan. A visit at Kampung Raba and Tapis Village in interior West Kalimantan by Mr. Jiten Yumnam was a testimony to the ruthless destruction of forest land by the ever-expanding oil palm plantations and companies like Hilton, and the negation of community rights over their land and forest. In another visit on 29th July in Tapis Village, village elders complained that oil palm companies like Hilton, Agrina, and SGC plundered their forest through forest land acquisitions in the most exploitative means. The palm oil companies also deceived the villagers and incited conflict among them. The Indonesian Government is also preparing to mine Bauxite in a sacred hill within their village land in Kampung Raba and a peripheral village. The sharing in the village reflected not just the traditional wisdom and sustainable land and forest management of indigenous communities, but also the role of the Indonesian State and the corporate bodies in misleading indigenous peoples, pushing them to the brink of survival, and subduing their cultures and tradition.

The importance of adherence to human rights principles and recognition of indigenous peoples’ self-determination over their land and resources in all development processes of states, corporate bodies, and development financings is a message pervading in the congress and in the community visits. The promotion of indigenous way of life and sustainable management of land and resources with traditional knowledge and practices can foster sustainable development in Borneo. Ending forced development, establishing accountability mechanism for all development stakeholders, ending environment harm by unsustainable development projects, and rescinding all state effort and militarization to subdue indigenous peoples’ voices for self-determination and their rights is critical for advancing development effectiveness in Indonesia and in all indigenous land and territories.

On the 55th Anniversary of the New York Agreement: MERDEKA FOR WEST PAPUA!

On the 55th year of the “Broken Promise,” the Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) and the Merdeka West Papua Support Network reiterate the call to free West Papua. We demand to allow the peoples of West Papua to vote for their independence, which was guaranteed by the New York Agreement of 15 August 1962.

The Papuans’ “act of free choice” never took place. We refuse to recognize the US imperialist-backed bogus referendum of 1969. The landmark agreement only officiated the turnover of West Papua’s colonization from the Kingdom of the Netherlands to Indonesia.

This historical betrayal has led to the renewed national oppression and subjugation of West Papua. Its peoples only experienced extreme repression and genocide under the Indonesian colonial rule, whilst the riches of their ancestral lands are plundered. The government of Indonesia never fulfilled its “administrative responsibility” mandated by the agreement to advance the social, cultural, and economic development of West Papua.

The Papuans suffered from this grave injustice for more than half a century, and we say enough. It is time: Merdeka for West Papua!

We call the United Nations (UN) to fulfill its obligation to end colonialism and internationally facilitate a genuine referendum on independence among the peoples of West Papua. We also demand the UN to look into and act upon the widespread human rights violations in and territorial degradation of West Papua. The Indonesia government should be held accountable for its transgressions against the Papuan peoples.

Let us show our fervent support and solidarity to the global demonstration today, 15 August 2017, at London and in other parts of the world in commemoration of the “Day of Broken Promise.” Together, let us stand for West Papua’s self-determination and liberation.

MERDEKA FOR WEST PAPUA!
STRUGGLE FOR THE PAPUAN PEOPLES’ SELF-DETERMINATION AND LIBERATION!
US IMPERIALIST AND INDONESIA, OUT OF WEST PAPUA!
END THE COLONIZATION, OCCUPATION, SEVERE REPRESSION, AND GENOCIDE IN WEST PAPUA!
LONG LIVE THE PEOPLES OF WEST PAPUA!

#LetWestPapuaVote #BackTheSwim #FreeWestPapua

Let us also express our solidarity through this global petition addressed to the UN. These names will be delivered at the end of this month in Geneva after being swum 69 km across Lake Geneva by the Swim for West Papua team.

National minorities of the Philippines show solidarity with Native Americans against the Dakota Access Pipeline in People Over Profit Network launching

On October 23, 2016, hundreds of national minorities in the Philippines expressed their solidarity with Native Americans in the fight against the Dakota Access Pipeline. Filipino national minorities and Native Americans experience the same problems of plunder and militarization of their ancestral lands.

The event was also the occasion of the launching of the People Over Profit (POP) Network, an alliance of organizations and individuals against new free trade agreements. These new free trade agreements (NFTAs) contribute to the oppression and exploitation of peoples worldwide.

View the video on Filipino national minorities’solidarity with Native Americans in the fight against the Dakota Access Pipeline here:

Video by Kilab Multimedia

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National Minorities Converge In Manila for Lakbayan (Journey) of National Minorities for Self Determination and Just Peace

Watch this video about national minorities converging in Manila, Philippines to demand for self determination and just peace.

Read More

Indigenous rights workshop in the World Social Forum A Success

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“They’re destroying completely our way of life.” – Joseph Owate, Anishnabe Nation during the IPMSDL forum on “Indigenous Peoples Struggles and Resistance, Building Indigenous Peoples Solidarity” at the World Social Forum 2016 in celebration of the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples.

Read the complete report at http://www.thenationreport.org/world-social-forum-indigenous-peoples-struggles-and-resistance/.

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Invitation to International Conference on People’s Rights in the Philippines (ICPRP)

We extend the invitation from the organizers to participate in the International Conference for Peoples’ Rights in the Philippines (ICPRP2016) on 23-24 July 2016 in Davao City, Philippines. The ICPRP 2016 also involves participation to the:
· July 16 to 20, 2016 International Solidarity Missions (ISM) in areas in Mindanao, Cordillera, Eastern Visayas, Southern Tagalog, and Panay region; and
· July 21 to 22, 2016 2nd General Assembly of the International Coalition for Human Rights in the Philippines (ICHRP) in Davao City, Philippines.
The ICPRP 2016 and its related-events is a good opportunity for exposure, learning and solidarity with other Indigenous Peoples, human rights and environment groups around the globe. Kindly click on this website for more information: http://www.humanrightsphilippines.net/events/international-conference-for-peoples-rights-in-the-philippines/

UPDATE on UNPFII 2016

Amazon Women of Ecuador at UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
“In Ecuador, we created an Amazon Women’s Alliance to defend our territory”
– Gloria Ushigua, President, Ashiñwaka
Yesterady at United Nations Headquarters, Alicia Cahuiya (Vice President of NAWE, the Waorani Nation of Ecuador) and Gloria Ushigua (President of Ashiñwaka, the Sápara Women’s association) from the Ecuadorian Amazon spoke out against the threats to Indigenous rights due to extractive industries in their lands and territories.

With support from Land is Life and Acción Ecológica, the two leaders traveled to New York for the 15th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. They are here to request a meeting with the Permanent Mission of China to the UN following the signing of two new oil projects between the Ecuadorian government and Chinese oil companies to explore oil reserves in their ancestral territories without their free, prior and informed consent (FPIC).

“We are here to defend our rights because they are contaminating our lands and rivers… and the Ecuadorian government is not defending the rights of the Indigenous Peoples living in voluntary isolation, the Taromenane”
– Alicia Cahuiya, Vice President of NAWE
The Amazonian women were also joined in solidarity by Indigenous leaders from North America and Asia. “Our strength is the unity of the communities affected by extractive actions,” declared Beverly Longid of Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation.

Ms. Cahuiya and Ms. Ushigua read the letter to the Chinese Mission to the UN and are hoping to arrange a meeting in the coming days. They expect that United Nations system will listen to their voices and fully respect their rights.

The Amazonian women launched an emergency appeal from within the UN to seek international solidarity of all Indigenous Peoples, citizens and governments around the world to defend their traditional cultures and territories.

Please find the letter to the Chinese Mission in EnglishSpanish and Chinese.

Servindi: Updates from Peru [19 November 2015]

Indigenous women to hold Third National Congress
Under the motto Walking Towards Buen Vivir, the National Organization of Andean and Amazonian Indigenous Women of Peru (ONAMIAP) will hold its Third National Congress in Lima. The event takes place every three years and aims to strengthen and empower indigenous women and its organizational processes at local, regional and national levels. From 25 to 27 of November , more than two hundred leaders from fifteen Andean and Amazonian regions will share their progress on ONAMIAP political agenda, making visible their demands and proposals. [Read more: http://servindi.org/actualidad/143970]Publication brings together indigenous peoples views and proposals on climate change
On 2 November, in the PUCP Cultural Center in Lima, the publication “Visions and Climate proposals of the Indigenous Peoples” was presented. The book compiles the experience of the Indigenous Peoples Pavilion at the UNFCCC-COP20 held in Lima in December 2014.The gathering was organized by the Interethnic Association for the Development of the Peruvian Rainforest (AIDESEP), the Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations of the Amazon Basin (COICA) and the Ministry of the Environment of Peru (MINAM). [Read more: http://servindi.org/actualidad/143106]

Leaked map reveals Big Gas eyeing most biodiverse place on earth 
(By David Hill) Manu National Park in Peru’s Amazon is targeted by Pluspetrol, according to a leaked map of planned geological fieldwork. The company was given permission last year to expand its operations eastwards within a concession called Lot 88. If the Camisea gas project, as operations there are known, continues to expand eastwards beyond Lot 88, where it doesn’t currently have permission to operate, it would eventually affect the  Manu National Park. [Read more:http://servindi.org/actualidad/142166]

Argentina: Mapuche leader found “not guilty” in unprecedented trial
(By Fionuala Cregan) The celebratory cries of “Marici weu” “Marici weu” could be heard echoing throughout the streets of the sleepy mining town of Zapala, in southwest Argentina. After eight days of intense deliberations in court and more than three years of preparation, Relmu Ñamku and two other Mapuches, Mauricio Rain and Martin Velasquez Maliqueo, were free. The case began in the community of Winkel Newen on December 28, 2012, when the Apache Oil Company and a contingent of police arrived to their lands with an eviction order. [Read more: http://servindi.org/actualidad/142166]

SERVINDI calls for volunteer translators – Sign up and support intercultural communication!

SERVINDI – http://servindi.org/
Adress: Calle El Parque N° 211, 2do. piso, Urbanización San Roque, Santiago de Surco. Lima 33, Perú
Phone: (51)-1-5577121
Email: servindi@gmail.com

*The members and partners of the IPMSDL in Peru include the National Organization of Andean and Amazonian Indigenous Women of Peru (ONAMIAP) and the Confederacion Nacional Agraria.

News Release Global Day of Action for IP Heroes and Martyrs

Press Release

November 10, 2015

Unabated Lumad killings marked the Global Day of Action for IP Heroes in the PhilippinesDSC06327

MANILA – Indigenous prayers, chants, songs, dances and a vow were offered as hundreds of Lumad commemorate the Global day of action for IP heroes and martyrs inside the Manilakbayan Camp in Liwasang Bonifacio ground in Manila.

On November 10, 1995 Ken Saro Wiwa and eight others from the Ogoni tribe were hanged by the Nigerian government because of their struggle against oil exploration activities of Shell Corporation.  On this day, global Indigenous Peoples (IP) led by the Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-determination and Liberation (IPMSDL), take time to honor and dedicate their continuing action to IP heroes and fallen comrades all over the world.

Pya Macliing Malayao, Secretary General of the Katribu Kalipunan ng katutubong mamamayan ng Pilipinas said “in the Philippines the list of IP rights defenders killed in the course of their struggle against mining and other extractive industries continues to grow.”

“Three days before the Global Day of Action for IP Heroes, yet another IP leader – Datu Manliro Landahay, council member of Salugpongan lumad organization in Davao del Norte, was murdered by the bandit Alamara early morning of November 7” said Malayao.

Out of the 73 indigenous peoples who have been killed under the Aquino’s term 58 are Lumad, according to KATRIBU’s documentation released earlier.

For the past months, the Aquino regime through the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) and its killing machines, the Bagani forces, Alamara and other paramilitary groups, have committed the gravest crimes against the lumad communities in Mindanao. From March to November 7, 2015, seventeen (17) lumad leaders, activists, and community members, including two children, were killed in 7 incidents of extra-judicial killings and 4 massacres.

“Today we wave red cloths to pay tribute to our heroes and martyrs, we raise our clenched fists to condemn theexacerbation of human rights violations with impunity against indigenous communities in the last remaining 9 months of the BS Aquino Regime.

The IP leaders pledged to continue the struggle that their ancestors, heroes and martyrs has started.

“Today, we also marched the streets of Makati City to confront mining companies, the neoliberal policies, mining operations are killing our people,” Malayao added.

After the tribute, the Manilakbayan, Katribu and environmental groups rallied in front of the Toronto Ventures Inc. Resources and Development (TVI) a Canadian company that operates in ancestral lands of the Subanen in the Zamboanga Peninsula and commits human rights violations against indigenous and peasant communities, and the DM Consunji Inc.   (DMCI) who is alleged to be responsible for the abduction and disappearance of a Manobo native John Calaba, public information of the Kesasabanay Dulangan Manobo, (KEDUMA).

The Manilakbayan is the Mindanao people’s mobilization for the defense of land, the environment, and human rights, participated by around 500 lumad from different provinces of Mindanao. #

Reference: Pya Macliing Malayao, Secretary General – 09173631576

Rei Paulin, Media Liason – 09178169258/09391145897

[ENG/SPN]:Bauxite mining on Maoist tribal areas/La minería de bauxita en las áreas tribales maoístas

*Spanish translation follows (by Google groups)/Traducción español sigue (por grupos de Google)
Bauxite mining could spur a Maoist revival in tribal areas

Ignoring the groundswell of public opinion against a resumption of bauxite mining, the Andhra Pradesh government has been taking concrete steps to start mineral exploration in the Eastern Ghats. The Maoists have used this opportunity to try winning support of the tribals.

Ever since the Communist Party of India (Maoist) [CPI (Maoist)] made a tactical retreat from the undivided Andhra Pradesh in 2004, engagements between the naxalites and the State police have been rare and unspectacular. Though the Maoists retained a presence in the tribal Agency areas in north coastal Andhra, a sort of ceasefire has prevailed, with either side preferring not to cross the other’s path.

But recent events indicate that the tribal hills of north Andhra are rumbling again. Three days ago, the naxalites abducted a sarpanch (village head). Last week, the Telangana police killed two Maoists in an alleged encounter in Warangal district. Just a few days later, three more extremists, including a top functionary of CPI (Maoist), were slain just beyond the inter-State border in Odisha. Given the extremely adversarial relationship between the two, it does not take much to resume the Danse Macabre.

However, a significant factor in the naxalites getting active again in the Agency areas of Visakhapatnam is the State government’s intent to resume bauxite mining in the tribal hills. Chief Minister N. Chandrababu Naidu declared this on World Tribal Day last year and repeated it this year too.

Vulnerable areas along border

Last week, the CPI (Maoist) celebrated its Foundation Week in Srikakulam district in north Andhra, the very place where the party’s precursor, People’s War, staged its first uprising in 1969. On its part, the police are beginning to mobilise their own machinery to stop the naxalites from coming back to the plains areas of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

As many as eight places in the Srikakulam district along the thickly forested inter-State border have been identified as vulnerable and additional forces have been kept at strategic places along the Andhra-Odisha border. The government is going to establish an exclusive AP Special Police battalion in Srikakulam district due to its vulnerability to naxalite influence. “Stationing of extra forces is the need of the hour to curb Maoist activities along the AP-Odisha border,” said a senior officer.

“Many other moves of the TDP Government have further alienated the tribals and prepared the ground further for the Maoists. The government has given the Tribal Welfare portfolio to a non-tribal. The statutory Tribal Advisory Council has not been constituted even after more than a year of its coming to power. ”

These efforts are in addition to the new battalion of Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the 198th Battalion, which was raised with headquarters in Visakhapatnam to cover the three north Andhra districts.As always, the police adopt good cop/bad cop tactics. In north Andhra, the police have been trying hard to get closer to the tribals with their community policing initiatives. Though the tribals participate in such activities under pressure, there has been a significant shift away from the Maoists.

Moves to resume mining are not popular among the tribal people. There is a groundswell opinion among them against bauxite mining, which they believe will only displace them while enriching the plainspeople. Opinion is so strong against mining that ‘bauxite’ is, for all purposes, a banned word in the Agency area.

But, ignoring the public opinion, the Telugu Desam Party (TDP) government has been taking concrete steps to start mineral exploration in the Eastern Ghats.

To sway public opinion, the AP Mineral Development Corporation (APMDC) has hired some educated local people to act as ‘facilitators’, people who will sell the idea of bauxite mining to their communities.

The Maoists have seen in all this an opportunity to win the favour of the tribals. They have been organising opposition to mining, and staging coercive steps to deter people from supporting mining activities. The APMDC’s facilitators have been warned, and some of their houses even burnt down. They were immediately shifted away by APMDC.

Many other moves of the TDP Government have further alienated the tribals and prepared the ground further for the Maoists. The government has given the Tribal Welfare portfolio to a non-tribal. The statutory Tribal Advisory Council has not been constituted even after more than a year of its coming to power.

The Maoists, on the other hand, have used the bauxite issue to stage a comeback in the tribal hills. The CPI (Maoist) top leaders have reportedly been touring villages on the Andhra-Odisha border area to give a boost to the anti-bauxite agitation. Meetings with tribal leaders are reportedly being organised in the interior areas. The response is said to be good. The Agency area could see violence in the future if the government goes ahead with bauxite mining. In such a situation, it won’t be a surprise if the tribal people support the Maoists in their bid to stop mining.

The region, one thick with forests spread over hills and valleys, provides the perfect staging ground for guerrilla tactics of the Naxalites. In fact, at one stage, the naxalites had even declared a ‘liberated zone’ consisting of 300-400 villages of Visakha and East Godavari Agencies and the adjoining Odisha area.

A full-scale resumption of hostilities between the police in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and the naxalites is the last thing Chief Minister Naidu needs right now. His government, in order to attract investment, wants to project residual Andhra Pradesh as a State free of issues relating to law and order. An atmosphere of frequent encounters’ and naxalite attacks on state property would not send the correct signals at this juncture.

http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/andhra-pradesh/bauxite-mining-could-spur-a-maoist-revival-in-tribal-areas/article7692877.ece

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La minería de bauxita podría estimular un renacimiento maoísta en las zonas tribales
Haciendo caso omiso de la corriente de opinión pública en contra de la reanudación de la extracción de bauxita, el gobierno de Andhra Pradesh ha estado tomando medidas concretas para iniciar la exploración de minerales en los Ghats orientales. Los maoístas han aprovechado esta oportunidad para tratar de ganar el apoyo de las tribus.
Desde que el Partido Comunista de la India (Maoísta) [PCI (Maoísta)] hizo una retirada táctica de la indivisa Andhra Pradesh en 2004, compromisos entre los naxalitas y la policía del estado han sido raros y poco espectacular. Aunque los maoístas retuvieron una presencia en las áreas de agencias tribales en el norte de la costa de Andhra, una especie de alto el fuego se ha impuesto, con cualquiera de los lados no prefieren cruzar el camino de la otra.
Pero los acontecimientos recientes indican que las colinas tribales del norte de Andhra retumban de nuevo. Hace tres días, los naxalitas secuestraron a un sarpanch (jefe de la aldea). La semana pasada, la policía de Telangana mataron a dos maoístas en un supuesto encuentro en el distrito de Warangal. Sólo unos días después, tres extremistas más, entre ellos un funcionario superior del PCI (Maoísta), fueron asesinados más allá de la frontera entre Estados en Odisha. Dada la relación extremadamente contradictorio entre los dos, no se necesita mucho para reanudar la Danse Macabre.
Sin embargo, un factor significativo en los naxalitas conseguir activo de nuevo en las áreas de la Agencia de Visakhapatnam es la intención del gobierno del estado para reanudar la extracción de bauxita en las colinas tribales. Ministro Principal N. Chandrababu Naidu declaró esto en el Día tribal Mundial el año pasado y lo repitió este año también.
Zonas vulnerables a lo largo de la frontera
La semana pasada, el PCI (Maoísta) ha celebrado su Semana de la Fundación en el distrito Srikakulam en el norte de Andhra, el mismo lugar donde precursor del partido, la guerra popular, llevó a cabo su primer levantamiento en 1969. Por su parte, la policía está empezando a movilizar su propia maquinaria para detener a los naxalitas regrese a las zonas de llanuras de Andhra Pradesh y Telangana.
Hasta ocho lugares en el distrito Srikakulam largo de la frontera entre Estados densamente boscosas han sido identificados como vulnerables y fuerzas adicionales se han mantenido en lugares estratégicos a lo largo de la frontera de Andhra-Odisha. El gobierno va a establecer un exclusivo batallón de la Policía Especial de AP en el distrito Srikakulam debido a su vulnerabilidad a la influencia naxalita. “Estacionamiento de fuerzas adicionales es la necesidad de la hora de frenar las actividades maoístas a lo largo de la frontera AP-Odisha,” dijo un oficial de alto rango.
Estos esfuerzos se suman a la nueva batallón de la Fuerza Central de Reserva de Policía (CRPF), el Batallón 198, que se planteó con sede en Visakhapatnam para cubrir los tres distritos de Andhra norte.
Como siempre, la policía adopte poli bueno / malo tácticas de policía. En el norte de Andhra, la policía ha estado tratando duro para estar más cerca de las tribus con sus iniciativas de policía comunitaria. Aunque las tribus participan en esas actividades bajo presión, se ha producido un cambio significativo lejos de los maoístas.
Mueve a reanudar la minería no son populares entre los pueblos tribales. Hay una opinión oleada entre ellos contra la minería de bauxita, que creen que sólo se desplazará mientras enriqueciendo el plainspeople. Opinión es tan fuerte contra la minería que “la bauxita ‘es, a todos los efectos, una palabra prohibida en la zona Agencia.
Pero, haciendo caso omiso de la opinión pública, el (TDP) Gobierno Telegu Desam ha estado tomando medidas concretas para iniciar la exploración de minerales en los Ghats orientales.
Para influir en la opinión pública, la Corporación de Desarrollo Mineral AP (APMDC) ha contratado a algunas personas locales educados para actuar como ‘facilitadores’, gente que va a vender la idea de la minería de bauxita a sus comunidades.
Los maoístas han visto en todo esto una oportunidad para ganar el favor de los tribales. Ellos han estado organizando la oposición a la minería, y puesta en escena medidas coercitivas para disuadir a las personas de apoyo a las actividades mineras. Facilitadores del APMDC han sido advertidos, y algunas de sus casas, incluso quemó. Ellos fueron trasladados de inmediato llevar por APMDC.
Muchos otros movimientos del Gobierno TDP han alienado aún más los tribales y preparado el terreno más de los maoístas. El gobierno ha dado la cartera de Bienestar Tribal a un no-tribal. La ley tribal Consejo Asesor no ha sido constituido, incluso después de más de un año de su llegada al poder.
Los maoístas, por el contrario, han utilizado el tema de bauxita volver a los escenarios en las colinas tribales. Los PCI (Maoísta) los principales líderes han sido los informes, de gira por pueblos de la zona fronteriza de Andhra-Odisha para dar un impulso a la agitación contra la bauxita. Las reuniones con los líderes tribales según los informes se están organizando en las áreas interiores. La respuesta se dice que es bueno. El área Agencia pudo ver la violencia en el futuro si el gobierno sigue adelante con la extracción de bauxita. En tal situación, no será una sorpresa si los pueblos tribales apoyan a los maoístas en su intento de detener la minería.
La región, una de espesor, con bosques que se distribuyen en las colinas y los valles, proporciona la base de operaciones perfecta para las tácticas de guerrilla de los naxalitas. De hecho, en un momento dado, los naxalitas siquiera habían declarado “zona liberada” que consiste en 300-400 pueblos de Visakha y Agencias de Godavari del Este y la zona contigua Odisha.
La reanudación a gran escala de las hostilidades entre la policía de Telangana y Andhra Pradesh y los naxalitas es la última cosa Ministro Principal Naidu necesita en este momento. Su gobierno, con el fin de atraer inversiones, quiere proyectar residual Andhra Pradesh como un Estado libre de cuestiones relacionadas con el derecho y el orden. Una atmósfera de encuentros frecuentes y de ataques naxalitas en la propiedad estatal no enviaría las señales correctas en esta coyuntura.