Statement on Extrajudicial Killings and Illegal Detentions of Palaung and Shan peoples of Myanmar

A corpse lies in a shallow grave in Long Mon village in Shan State, Myanmar, 30 June 2016. (Photo courtesy of http://www.iphrdefenders.net)

The IPMSDL strongly condemns the extrajudicial killings of seven indigenous peoples from the Palaung and Shan peoples of Shan State in Myanmar.

The Palaung and Shan peoples are two of the several indigenous peoples fighting for their right to self determination in Myanmar. For decades the Palaung and Shan peoples have faced encroachment of their lands by the Myanmar government. Heavy militarization has led to increasing number of indigenous rights violations and extrajudicial killings. Many of the Palaung and Shan people were forced to leave their homes for fear of further violations by the Myanmar military. The Palaung and Shan peoples have been fighting for their right to self determination for several years now, with many of them joining the armed liberation movements.

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IPMSDL Statement Regarding Threat to the Life of Ms. Gloria Ushigua, Indigenous Peoples Rights Defender

gloeia ushigua1

The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) condemns the continuing harassment and threat on the life of Ms. Gloria Ushigua. Ushigua is a member of the IPMSDL, coordinator of the indigenous women’s group Ashinwaka and a staunch defender of indigenous peoples and environmental rights in Ecuador for almost a decade.

Recent events have led us to conclude that the threat on her life is real, and is posed by Ecuadorian state forces in collaboration with the Ecuadorian judiciary and several big multinational and state-owned companies interested in exploiting oil deposits in the territories of the Sapara people, of which Ushigua is a member. In 2013, government-owned media outlets started a smear campaign against Ushigua. In 2014 she was charged by the Ecuadorian court with terrorism, public obstruction and sabotage in relation to a peaceful assembly that Ushigua led.

In 2015 three policemen broke into Ushigua’s home in the city of Puyo,using teargas to immobilize Ushigua and her family members, beating her and torturing her using taser guns. Her property and home and office were also destroyed during the “raid.”

On 2 May 2016 her sister-in-law, Anacleta Dahua Cuji, was believed to have been raped and then killed while working on her farm by four men suspected of being Ecuadorian state agents. Her niece Casiela Grefa, on the other hand, was physically restrained by four men on 26 May 2016. They interrogated her regarding the whereabouts and activities of Ushigua. On 31 May 2016, in an act clearly meant to intimidate Ushigua, five unknown men camped outside her house throughout the night.

These acts by the Ecuadorian state agents and judiciary are clearly in violation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP). Indigenous peoples all over the world have the right to self determination and the freedom to choose how to use their lands for the benefit of their people. No indigenous person should be abused, harassed, tortured or killed simply for protecting their territories.

These brazen acts of harassment by state agents against Ushigua remind us of other indigenous leaders like Xavier Akien of the Philippines, Jannie Lasimbang of Malaysia and countless other indigenous peoples’ rights advocates who risk their lives to fight for their rights as well as their children’s right to a better future. This also reminds us that in the modern-day world that we live in, rights defenders and advocates are faced with rising state militarism.

gloria ushigua2

We call on the Ecuadorian Government to heed the following calls:
1.Immediately cease harassment and threats to the life of Ms. Gloria Ushigua and her family;
2.Investigate and prosecute those responsible for harassment of Ushigua and her family which has caused the death of her sister-in-law Anacleta Dahua Cuji;
3.Cease the implementation of so-called development projects that are detrimental to the life and culture of the Sapara and other indigenous peoples in Ecuador;
4.Respect indigenous peoples’ right to self determination as enshrined in the UNDRIP, of which Ecuador is a signatory.

We call on the Inter-American Human Rights Council and the United Nations to:
1.Investigate and ascertain the culpability of Ecuadorian state agents in harassing Ushigua and other indigenous peoples’ and environmental activists;
2.Immediately determine the liability of large multi-national and State-owned companies in violating the rights of the Sapara peoples and other indigenous peoples in Ecuador.

We urge everyone to remain vigilant against all forms of attack on the right of indigenous peoples to self determination. We call on all advocates and activists to stand firm, to not be cowed, and to fight back where necessary and needed.

Stop the killings! End militarization! Fight Back!

Reference:
Ms. Beverly Longid
IPMSDL Global Coordinator

*photos courtesy of gettyimages.com and amazonwatch.org

IPMSDL Solidarity Statement to the Higaonon Peoples of the Philippines

clbf1q0ukaakra8The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) expresses its solidarity with the Higaonon people’s plight against militarization of their community. We also condemn the acts of State security forces in the Philippines that have forced the Higaonon peoples to move out of their homes and ancestral lands for fear of their lives.

This is not the first time the Higaonons have had to flee their homes in Barangay Banglay, Lagonglong town in Misamis Oriental province. The Philippine military also harassed the Higaonons of Lagonglong on the months of May, July and October 2015. The Higaonons were also forced to evacuate their homes and lands during those times for fear of further harassment and intimidation by state security forces.

The Higaonons of Lagonglong were once more forced to flee their homes on June 5, 2016 when members of the Philippine Army camped within their communities, forcibly entered their homes even when the homeowners denied them permission, and continuously asked them to turn over their arms despite the Higaonons’ denial of having any in their homes. State security forces have been pressing the Higaonons to accept the government’s so-called “peace and development” program even when the Higaonon’s have repeatedly refused to have anything to do with the government’s state security plan. The military also did not respect the verbal agreement made between the group’s leaders and the Philippine Army wherein state security forces had to ask permission from the Higaonons before entering their territory.

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These acts by the Philippine military are in clear violation of the indigenous peoples rights to self-determination and development. We join the Higaonon peoples’ call on the Philippine government and its security forces to:

1.Immediately pull out their forces encamped in the Higaonon lands in Brgy. Banglay, Lagonglong, Misamis Oriental, Philippines;
2.Cease further militarization, entering without consent, and putting up of detachments in Lumad communities;
3.Pull out all military troops stationed or encamped in indigenous lands;
4.Stop the recruitment of indigenous peoples in paramilitary groups;
5.Facilitate the return of thousands of Lumad evacuees to their ancestral domains without fear of reprisal;
6.Investigate cases of violations of indigenous peoples rights by state security forces;
7.Prosecute those responsible for violations of indigenous people’s rights.

We also urge the Philippine government to support the Higaonons in their evacuation camps until they are safely back in their homes. We encourage all indigenous peoples and human rights advocates to support the call of the Higaonons to return to their homes without fear of militarization.###

End Militarization! Fight Back!

Reference:
Ms. Beverly Longid
IPMSDL Global Coordinator

*photos courtesy of Panalipdan Youth NMR

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IPMSDL Statement on the Assumption of Mayor Rodrigo Duterte to the Presidency of the Republic of the Philippines

duterte-lumad-20150916_b4415df72e114ffab558691d20971d9a

The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) welcomes the pro-indigenous peoples rights pronouncements of Mr. Rodrigo Duterte as he assumes office as president of the Republic of the Philippines this June 30, 2016.

All over the world, indigenous peoples and their right to self determination are under attack by neo-liberal globalization. Large multi-national and state-owned corporations have repeatedly violated indigenous peoples’ rights to freely determine the utilization of their resources within their ancestral lands. Government security agents continue to harass and murder indigenous peoples rights defenders who valiantly fight against the violation of their rights to land and ancestral domain. Indigenous peoples right to development is undermined by development aggression and the self-serving agenda of bureaucrats in government.

The Philippines is no exception. Between July 2010 and September 2015, 82 indigenous peoples and environmental rights defenders have been murdered by government security forces and their para-military forces. Thousands of students were forced to stop schooling due to enforced closure of schools for indigenous peoples by the military, and thousands more have been forced to evacuate their ancestral lands due to militarization and red-baiting.

The IPMSDL welcomes Mr. Duterte’s pronouncements of support for the struggle of indigenous peoples and their right to self determination. We look forward to Mr Duterte’s fulfilling his promises of supporting the development of indigenous peoples and the protection of ancestral lands from destructive mining, logging and power companies.

In line with our commitment to further the cause of indigenous peoples, we call on the Duterte administration to:
1.End all forms of militarization of indigenous peoples communities;
2.Stop extrajudicial killings, vilification, red-baiting and harassment of indigenous peoples and environmental rights defenders;
3.Respect indigenous peoples’ right to self determination;
4.Provide basic social services for indigenous peoples, especially the women and children indigenous peoples;
5.Prosecute all government officials involved in fraudulent contracts that undermine the right to self determination of indigenous peoples, especially in the issuance of Certificates of Ancestral Domain Claims and Certificates of Ancestral Domain Titles.

However, we know that change is not instantaneous. We do see several urgent issues that we hope Mr. Duterte can address within the first 100 days of his presidency. We urge Mr. Duterte to:
1.Re-organize the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples to really serve the interests of indigenous peoples in the country;
2.Review and, if necessary, recall and cancel all contracts given to large-scale mining and energy corporations that are in violation of the right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) of indigenous peoples;
3.Immediately pull out all government security and military forces encamped in indigenous peoples communities and prohibit them from entering indigenous peoples communities without permission from the community members themselves;
4.Allow all internally displaced indigenous peoples to return to their homes without fear of reprisal and harassment;
5.Dismantle the Alamara, Bagani, Magahat and other para-military forces under the Philippine Armed Forces that continue to harass and kill indigenous peoples rights defenders;
6.Re-establish indigenous peoples schools and other development and socio-economic projects that were forcibly closed under the previous administration.

We sincerely hope that under Mr Duterte, indigenous peoples will be free to exercise their right to self determination. Finally, we hope that, indeed, for indigenous peoples and other exploited people of the Philippines, change is coming.

Stop the Killings! End Militarization Now! Fight Back!

Reference:
Ms. Beverly Longid
IPMSDL Global Coordinator

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JOIN US! We Demand Land Rights Now!

land rights

JOIN US! We Demand Land Rights Now!

WHY GLOBAL CALL TO ACTION?

We demand #landrightsnow!

Our GOAL is to work hand in hand with all indigenous brothers and sisters across the globe, in collaboration with other sectors, groups and advocates to secure the collective land rights of more than 370 million indigenous peoples around the world. By 2020, we aim to double the area of land legally recognized as owned or controlled by indigenous peoples.

We are the guardians of this planet! We want Change!

We have nurtured and conserved our land and resources for centuries, which are the bases of our culture, identity, traditional knowledge, sustainable livelihoods and wellbeing. In spite of our invaluable roles and contributions to conservation, enhancement of biodiversity, low carbon lifestyle and sustainable resource governance, our rights to our land and resources are violated with impunity in the name of “national development” causing more inequality, discrimination, hunger and poverty. It’s time to change the dominant system that disregards indigenous peoples’ rights and empowerment; and instead uphold the sustainability of mother earth.

Securing land rights of indigenous peoples is critical in achieving the Global Agenda: 2030 (Sustainable Development Goals) and in addressing climate change. The success of eradicating poverty and hunger and “Leaving No One Behind” is hinged on securing our land rights.

Land is Life! Let’s champion this Global Call to Action and build the broadest unity and solidarity of indigenous peoples across the globe to defend our land, territories and resources! This is our duty to protect our collective survival and for the future generations.

PARTICIPANTS FROM ASIA[1]

Organizations:

208 CSOs and IPOs from India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Taiwan[2]

Indigenous Community:

1, Tananahu community, Maluku, Indonesia

WHAT HAVE BEEN DONE?

National Launch of the Call:

Malaysia, 2 March, 2016

Jaringan Orang Asal SeMalaysia (JOAS) announced their plans to map out and consolidate Orang Asal territories in conjunction with the launch of the Global Call to Action on Indigenous and Community Land Rights.

More information: http://iphrdefenders.net/malaysia-joas-map-orang-asal-traditional-lands-territories/

Myanmar, 5 March, 2016

One-day forum on land rights discussed the newly adopted National Land Use Policy— NLUP, opportunities and challenges, as well as the engagement of civil society organizations and indigenous peoples, with the country’s new government on the land rights law.

More information: https://www.facebook.com/LandRightsNow370/

Cambodia, 15 March, 2016

Gathering and press conference organized by the Cambodia Indigenous Peoples Alliance (CIPA), brought together 30 indigenous representatives from indigenous communities to share on the land rights issues and cases they are facing.

Watch the video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9yPaG1JEvHM

Thailand, 30-31 March, 2016

Two-day national workshop on land issues held in Chiang Mai, brought together more than 100 indigenous representatives from all over Thailand. The workshop ended with a press conference and a Declaration of the Network of Indigenous Peoples in Thailand (NIPT) on the Proposed Solutions to the Problems of Land and Resource Management by Indigenous Peoples.

More information: https://www.facebook.com/LandRightsNow370/

Asia Regional Launch of the Call:

Myanmar, 12 March, 2016

Around 60 indigenous representatives from 12 countries, namely Thailand, Cambodia, Indonesia, Vietnam, Japan, Taiwan/China, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, Malaysia and the Philippines, jointly launched the Campaign at the regional level. The participants, including representatives of indigenous women and youth as well as indigenous persons with disabilities, expressed their strong commitment to demand together their collective land rights as affirmed in the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).

More information: http://iphrdefenders.net/asia-regional-launch-global-call-action-indigenous-community-land-rights/

Support to land rights of Indigenous Women:

The statement of AIPP on Indigenous Women and Land Rights was issued on the occasion of the International Women’s Day on March 8, 2016 which was translated in Thai, Khmer and Burmese languages and widely circulated to AIPP members and networks.

More information: http://aippnet.org/strengthening-solidarity-for-indigenous-womens-land-rights-in-2016/

Campaign/communication materials:

WHAT ARE WE DOING NOW?

  • Producing more campaign materials: videos and translation of campaign materials to a number of national languages[3]
  • Providing technical assistance in relation to GCA activities targeting members and partners at the country level and local level when necessary;
  • Supporting community mapping for legal recognition in India; and mobilizing support for Cambodia and Malaysia;
  • Supporting local struggles in defense of land rights against mining, large dams, agribusiness, among others;
  • Documenting indigenous peoples’ sustainable resource management for awareness-raising and policy advocacy;
  • Integrating the GCA into all the programmes of AIPP and relevant events;
  • Circulating widely all relevant statements, publications, audio-visual materials at the regional and global levels;
  • Collaborating and building partnerships and networks for joint policy advocacy and support to community struggles and initiatives

WHAT’S NEXT?

  • Increase the number of awareness raising activities to mobilize more indigenous organizations and communities to sign the Call and make their land rights activities more visible;
  • Encourage National Human Rights Institutions to undertake Land Inquiries such as those done in Malaysia and Indonesia;
  • Conduct case studies on land rights issues i.e. large dams, mining and others related to trade and investments for policy advocacy and to generate support for indigenous communities;
  • Build and strengthen collaboration and networking at the national level to pursue policy advocacy on the recognition of land rights such as in Thailand and Nepal;
  • Strengthen collaboration and advocacy at the local and national levels for proper and immediate implementation of the legal collective land rights recognition in India, Malaysia, Cambodia and the Philippines, among others;
  • Prepare a report on the first year of the GCA campaign[4] covering achievements, activities, opportunities, challenges, as well as the way forward;
  • Develop concrete plan and strategies on the GCA as part of the overall strategic plan for 2017 -2020 to be adopted by the AIPP General Assembly on September, 2016;
  • Mobilize indigenous communities and organizations in Asia to take action together during the International Indigenous Peoples Day on 9 August, 2016 and beyond.

 

For more information, please CONTACT US:

Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact

www.aippnet.org

 

Joan Carling (Ms.)

Secretary General

joan@aippnet.org

 

Patricia Miranda Wattimena (Ms.)

Advocacy Coordinator

patricia@aippnet.org

 

 

 

[1] Data per 5 May, 2016

[2] 12 countries where AIPP members and partners are

[3] Target countries: Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia, India, Philippines, Timor Leste

[4] To be published on March, 2017

Joint Statement by Dewan Adat Papua and Alifuru Council in the 15th session of the UNPFII

Joint Statement by Dewan Adat Papua and Alifuru Council

Item 3: Follow-up to the recommendation of the Permanent Forum

(d) Follow-up to the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples

 

Delivered by Leonard Imbiri, General Secretary of Dewan Adat Papua

 

Mr. Chairperson, Distinguish members of the Permanent Forum, distinguish delegates, indigenous brothers and sisters,

Congratulations to Mr. Alvaro Pop for your appointment as Chairperson, and our indigenous relations Dr. Claire Charter and Professor James Anaya as advisers to the PGA.

Mr. Chair,

The continuing threats to the cultural heritage of Indigenous Peoples summons a planned approach by the United Nations and its member States to comply with their international human rights obligations relating to indigenous peoples, including those under the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) and the commitments made in the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples outcome document.

We, the indigenous peoples of West Papua and South-Maluku are recognizing the significant role of the Forum in the advocacy for the implementation of the UN Declaration and the World Conference on Indigenous Peoples outcome document. We furthermore appreciate the commitments and reaffirmations made by Member States and UN agencies, however we are concerned that much work remains to be done for the full implementation of the outcome document within the United Nations, and its member States.

West Papua and South-Maluku are still consistently suffering from human rights violations, loss of their ancestral lands for extractive industries without their Free, Prior and informed consent, as they for example occur on the islands of Seram, Aru, and Romang in South-Maluku, and and Merauke in West Papua, and face grave violations when so-called development programs invade our indigenous territories. The right to freedom expression is really a big challenges and for example in West Papua, where 1,783 persons were arrested between 25 April and 2 May 2016 as they were organized peacefully demonstrations.

Mr. Chair,

The World Conference Outcome Document process is a positive established example that enabled a constructive dialogue between Member States and Indigenous Peoples. This is a partnership we appeal to the United Nations to continue, especially in light of the development of the system-wide action plan. We agree that it is high-time that the UN Declaration is streamlined and that regional and national UN mechanisms, including the regional commissions and the UN country teams, ensure that Indigenous peoples can meaningfully be part of the development and strategizing of programmes and activities in a structured and coherent manner.

 

The UN system must ensure the full and effective participation of indigenous peoples in this process in accordance with Article 18 of the UN Declaration, in this regard we reiterate previous calls for partnership and mutual respect between States and Indigenous Peoples, emphasizing that all parties must consult and cooperate in good faith with Indigenous Peoples allowing equal, direct and meaningful participation in existing dialogues in UN funds & specialized agencies, and the creation of mechanisms in processes that affect Indigenous peoples, the World Health Organization, International Maritime Organization, are such processes.

 

 

Therefore, we recommend to the Forum:

  • To promote and accommodate capacity development for member States and its officials on the UN Declaration, to achieve adequate national action plans, strategies, and measures for the implementation of the UN Declaration on the ground, and to overcome the obstacles in the advocacy for indigenous rights by member State officials in processes like UNFCCC.
  • That the members pro-actively advocate for the further development of a clear, concise, and complete System Wide Action Plan. Which includes mainstreaming the UN Declaration, not only in existing mechanisms and forums, but throughout the UN system to ensure that all agencies’ activities that affect indigenous peoples have a forum where indigenous peoples can participate in its decision making processes.

Thank you Mr. Chair,

 

Joint Statement of IPMSDL and its allied organizations and institutions in the 15th session of the UNPFII

JOINT STATEMENT ON “INDIGENOUS PEOPLES: CONFLICT, PEACE, AND RESOLUTION” (ITEM 4)

 Thank you. (This is a joint statement of the Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) and its allied organizations and institutions.)

We are appreciative that the Forum worked for this year’s theme – conflict, peace, and resolution that includes the urgent and growing concern of militarization – an issue often kept out of public information. However, in nearly every region of the world, militarization displaces and presents a direct threat to the ways of life and survival of Indigenous Peoples.

We see militarization in various forms such as in the encampment and occupation of indigenous villages to military combat operations or any so-called anti-terrorism actions, creation of paramilitary groups, construction of foreign or US military bases and testing facilities, and others.

Militarization has been and is a major cause of poverty among Indigenous Peoples worldwide.

It results in loss of lives, homes, and livelihood, as well as destruction and pollution of ancestral and sacred lands, material culture, and biodiversity and the environment.

Intensified military operations in indigenous territories leave communities without food, shelter or protection and with the killings of indigenous leaders force Indigenous Peoples to evacuate in other areas.The killing or assassination of indigenous and traditional leaders makes the community vulnerable to manipulation and coercion.

Militarization also makes women more vulnerable to sexual violence, harassment, and rape.

States legitimize all these through national security policies and anti-terrorism laws.

(Mr. Chairperson, our brothers and sisters have already spoken well on specific cases on the adverse impact of militarization, which I shall not repeat.)

We are concerned that the conflicts over valuable resources necessary for the survival of all shall further intensify and aggression against Indigenous Peoples shall escalate. Militarization shall play a major role for States and corporations to gain further control over Indigenous Peoples’ lands, territories, waters and all natural resources found therein, in violation of the right to free prior informed consent and self-determination (FPIC), and without restitution and compensation.

We are aware that SDG #16 addresses issues related to peace and justice. However, it fails to address the pressing concern of militarization of indigenous territories and communities.

In view of these, WE FORWARD THE FOLLOWING RECOMMENDATIONS for the UNPFII to,

 

  1. Urge the States with existing national internal security policies and anti-terrorism laws such as the Philippines’ Anti-Terrorism Law and India’s Armed Forces Special Powers Act 1958 to review such domestic standards and ensure that such measures are compliant with international human rights principles and international humanitarian laws;

 

  1. Support the call for the pullout of State security forces in indigenous territories; disband, and disarm paramilitary groups and private military contractors that threaten, harass, and intimidate Indigenous Peoples with the aim of breaking their collective unity and struggles for land, life, and justice. In line with this, hold a session in the next UNPFII on paramilitary forces.

 

  1. Look into the expansion of the definition of Official Development Aid (ODA), which include “peace and security” costs, as well as costs related to “countering violent extremism.” Considering the OECD-DAC definition of “violent extremism,”which means,“Promoting views which foment and incite violence in furtherance of particular beliefs, and foster hatred which might lead to intercommunity violence.” It is vague, ambiguous and all encompassing that Indigenous Peoples assertion of the right to self-determination and defense of ancestral lands can fall under the definition of “violent extremism.”The shift might also clear the way for the militarization of aid, and the use of aid against Indigenous Peoples struggles and resistance.

 

  1. Urge the States to fulfill their commitments for world peace starting with reviewing towards withdrawing foreign military aid that supports military activities in indigenous territories, and reallocation and realignment of military spending to support basic and fundamental human right such as on health, education, and housing especially for Indigenous Peoples.

 

  1. Support the proposals that promote the independence and build the integrity of national human rights institutions to monitor, investigate and recommend actions on State-perpetrated violations of Indigenous Peoples human rights.

 

  1. Recognize indigenous peoples’ right to self-determination and inherent rights over lands and resources as one of the key means of ending militarization and subsequent impacts on indigenous communities.

 

Thank you!

Joint Intervention of CISA and Yamasi People in the 15th session of the UNPFII

*Spanish Translation follows by Google Translate/Traducción Español seguido por Google Translate

Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

15th Session – Theme: “Indigenous peoples: conflict, peace and resolution

New York, 9 – 20 May 2016.

 

Mr. Chairman,

Members of the Permanent Forum,

Indigenous Brothers and Sisters, may the Great Spirit guide us in this session.

Free, prior and informed consent is indispensable for world peace and security.

 

Therefore, in the name of the Consultancy of Indigenous Peoples in the North of Mexico, the International Community of Andean Wisdom (CISA) of Ecuador and the Yamasi People (USA), we respectfully present the following recommendations to the Permanent Forum:

 

  1. That the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues urge UN Member States in general and Mexico in particular to set out urgent actions and establish legal mechanisms for the implementation of their Constitutions on the right to prior consultation and the obtaining of the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples, according to ILO Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

 

With reference to the Mexican State, we ask: As a signatory to ILO Convention 169, to what extent has the Mexican State ethically fulfilled its commitments with reference to the prior consultation with Indigenous Peoples in all matters that concern them, such as legislative, political, administrative and development matters? To date, the mechanism used, the advisory services of the National Commission for Indigenous Peoples’ Development, has been inefficient, with inappropriate measures to achieve the aim of prior consultation. Good faith is lacking and the measures only serve to manipulate Indigenous Peoples, by working with particular groups in the communities who accept all of their demands.

 

  1. That the Permanent Forum request that Member States provide specific reports on the legal framework and procedures that exist for the granting of permits and concessions to national and international companies when they wish to develop projects on indigenous territories.

 

There are thousands of Indigenous Peoples who survive under an institutional colonial control that is aided by criminal transnational organizations (CTOs) through the colonial institutions of rape, prostitution, imprisonment and slavery, and under the protection of colonial laws. Therefore, we request that the Permanent Forum work together with the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in order to analyse the legal and economic aspects of the colonial institutions of rape, prostitution, imprisonment and slavery, their impact and possible solutions. EMRIP should report on the opportunities for implementing financial monitoring of Transnational Crime activities by Indigenous Peoples proscribed in UNTOC, which will reduce human rights abuses of Indigenous Peoples and neighbors.

 

  1. Our organizations are speaking out to request that this UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues urge the Mexican State to explain the disappearance of the 43 youths in Ayotzinapa, since it is a crime against Mexico and the world. Those youths are also our youths; those sons are also our sons.

 

Mr. Chairman:

When we speak of indigenous issues, we touch upon magic, beliefs, imagination, vision and the legitimate rights of original populations, the most ancient residents of the world, whose historical memory is found in each inhabitant of this planet, if we know it or not.

 

The patriarch and traditional singer, Don Juan Albañez Higuera (may he rest in peace), of the Pai Pai native indigenous community of the Santa Catarina Mission, in the Municipality of Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico, spoke about the relationship with the earth, the air, the clouds, water, and the sacred hills, dressed like women in white, which gave their people water, honey, deer, pine nuts and acorns, and to whom they gave thanks with their songs and ancestral dances.

 

We understand by this that indigenous territory has a spiritual conception with a sacred significance, that Indigenous Peoples see their territory as something essential to their existence and for which they consider they have been the guardians from time immemorial. Land, territory and Indigenous Peoples – the perfect ancestral trinomial – past, present and future seen through a special optical lens, difficult to understand for those who see these lands as goods, with a commercial and economic value. The habitat of these peoples is rich in natural resources and therefore attracts the attention of private interests and governments, who often receive the support of international agencies such as the World Bank or the Inter-American Development Bank, who are conscious of the acts and consequences that will harm Indigenous Peoples.

 

It is possible to cite many examples of destruction and the eviction of Indigenous Peoples and communities from their lands across the length and breadth of all continents, from Asia to America, including in the Sierra Tarahumara in the State of Chihuahua or in the native communities of Pai Pai, Cucapá, Kumiai, Kiliwa and Cochimí in the State of Baja California, Mexico.

 

Their demands stem from the decision to defend their natural resources, which constitute their livelihoods and their future as peoples; but this does not suffice for transnational companies to desist from their idea of taking control of these resources in order to convert them into goods that can be traded, with the support of national governments, who provide them with the necessary facilities.

 

On behalf of the Yamasi People, in North America we state:

 

UN Member States unilaterally decide to designate ‘sacrifice’ areas – areas to defoliate or poison with toxic substances for the good of “security”. The military solution is often the least productive response to tension or conflict. Indigenous Peoples propose solutions that allow opportunities for opposing sides to achieve their goals in good measure.  We propose a sharing approach, not an all-or-nothing approach.  Yamasi People, neighboring Indigenous Peoples, and our increasing number of colonial neighbors suffer from perpetual poisoning from nuclear radiation in the area of the Savannah River site, the largest nuclear weapons processing facility in the world.

 

The US has decreased security in the area of Savannah River site (SRS) by forcibly imposing on Indigenous and non-indigenous Peoples unwanted and unnecessary US-subsidized nuclear reactors in this same ‘sacrifice’ area. The US has decreased security in the area of SRS by soliciting nuclear waste from all over the world to traffick to original nations with SRS, with whom the US has no agreement for such activities.  World security is threatened by this concentration of nuclear material in a US-occupied area where the US continues to promote violence and refuses to negotiate peace with Indigenous Peoples.

 

Further, Yamasi People in particular are violently targeted by US-paid unsustainable developers. Yamasi are assaulted, raped, incarcerated, torture, trafficked, enslaved, and murdered by the US because we offer a more productive approach to peace and security planning. Because Yamasi People do not consent to the US unsustainable development agenda of building money-laundering facilities for transnational crime organizations, the US gives US federal tax money to the entities that the US has created to appropriate our identity. The US violates the reproductive rights of Yamasi women and girls instead of facilitating education and leadership development. Instead of negotiating with Yamasi leaders, the US generation after generation consciously and deliberately rapes Yamasi leaders.  This violence could end if the UN sanctioned Members practicing discrimination under the color of apartheid law, as the US does with US ‘Indian Law’.

 

Colonial authorities apply apartheid laws to authorize criminal transnational organizations to appropriate our indigenous identity for development purposes. When Indigenous Peoples oppose unsustainable development, the colonials—without the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples—create shell companies that are often criminal transnational organizations posing as Indigenous Peoples in order to assign them rights to the development of Indigenous Peoples. The international community has for too many generations supported these activities, with the explicit support of the progenitors of the European Union and its system of slavery based on the appropriation of the rights to development of Indigenous Peoples.

 

This system of granting the development rights of Indigenous Peoples to shell corporations that are criminal transnational organizations (TCOs) threatens world security because this type of development that lacks free, prior and informed consent has consequences such as conflict and climate change.

 

Free prior and informed consent is essential for world peace and security.

 

 

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

 

·         Consultoría de los Pueblos Indígenas en el norte de México, A.C. (CPINM)  MEXICO
[Consultancy of Indigenous Peoples in the North of Mexico]

EDIFICIO TORRE ESTRELLA, Calle Luis Cabrera # 2071 – Despacho 206

Zona Urbana Río, Tijuana, Baja California, México. C.P. 22010

Tel. +52 (664) 6340371 Cel. +52 (664) 1968079

consultoria_indigena@yahoo.com.mx

 

  • Comunidad del Saber Andino (CISA) ECUADOR
    [Community of Andean Wisdom]

Almendros s/n planta alta

Quito, Ecuador.

Tel. + (593) 999298117

manpujarksisa@gmail.com

 

  • Yamasi People

Box 60033 Savannah MGeorgia a 31420  North America

Ph. + (912) 376 9786

international@yamasi.org

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Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues

15th Session – Theme: “Indigenous peoples: conflict, peace and resolution

New York, 9 – 20 May 2016.

 

 

Mr. Chairman,

Members of the Permanent Forum,

Indigenous Brothers and Sisters, may the Great Spirit guide us in this session.

 

Free, prior and informed consent is indispensable for world peace and security.

 

Therefore, in the name of the Consultancy of Indigenous Peoples in the North of Mexico, the International Community of Andean Wisdom (CISA) of Ecuador and the Yamasi People (USA), we respectfully present the following recommendations to the Permanent Forum:

 

  1. That the UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues urge UN Member States in general and Mexico in particular to set out urgent actions and establish legal mechanisms for the implementation of their Constitutions on the right to prior consultation and the obtaining of the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples, according to ILO Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization on Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.

 

With reference to the Mexican State, we ask: As a signatory to ILO Convention 169, to what extent has the Mexican State ethically fulfilled its commitments with reference to the prior consultation with Indigenous Peoples in all matters that concern them, such as legislative, political, administrative and development matters? To date, the mechanism used, the advisory services of the National Commission for Indigenous Peoples’ Development, has been inefficient, with inappropriate measures to achieve the aim of prior consultation. Good faith is lacking and the measures only serve to manipulate Indigenous Peoples, by working with particular groups in the communities who accept all of their demands.

 

  1. That the Permanent Forum request that Member States provide specific reports on the legal framework and procedures that exist for the granting of permits and concessions to national and international companies when they wish to develop projects on indigenous territories.

 

There are thousands of Indigenous Peoples who survive under an institutional colonial control that is aided by criminal transnational organizations (CTOs) through the colonial institutions of rape, prostitution, imprisonment and slavery, and under the protection of colonial laws. Therefore, we request that the Permanent Forum work together with the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples in order to analyse the legal and economic aspects of the colonial institutions of rape, prostitution, imprisonment and slavery, their impact and possible solutions. EMRIP should report on the opportunities for implementing financial monitoring of Transnational Crime activities by Indigenous Peoples proscribed in UNTOC, which will reduce human rights abuses of Indigenous Peoples and neighbors.

 

  1. Our organizations are speaking out to request that this UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues urge the Mexican State to explain the disappearance of the 43 youths in Ayotzinapa, since it is a crime against Mexico and the world. Those youths are also our youths; those sons are also our sons.

 

Mr. Chairman:

When we speak of indigenous issues, we touch upon magic, beliefs, imagination, vision and the legitimate rights of original populations, the most ancient residents of the world, whose historical memory is found in each inhabitant of this planet, if we know it or not.

 

The patriarch and traditional singer, Don Juan Albañez Higuera (may he rest in peace), of the Pai Pai native indigenous community of the Santa Catarina Mission, in the Municipality of Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico, spoke about the relationship with the earth, the air, the clouds, water, and the sacred hills, dressed like women in white, which gave their people water, honey, deer, pine nuts and acorns, and to whom they gave thanks with their songs and ancestral dances.

 

We understand by this that indigenous territory has a spiritual conception with a sacred significance, that Indigenous Peoples see their territory as something essential to their existence and for which they consider they have been the guardians from time immemorial. Land, territory and Indigenous Peoples – the perfect ancestral trinomial – past, present and future seen through a special optical lens, difficult to understand for those who see these lands as goods, with a commercial and economic value. The habitat of these peoples is rich in natural resources and therefore attracts the attention of private interests and governments, who often receive the support of international agencies such as the World Bank or the Inter-American Development Bank, who are conscious of the acts and consequences that will harm Indigenous Peoples.

 

It is possible to cite many examples of destruction and the eviction of Indigenous Peoples and communities from their lands across the length and breadth of all continents, from Asia to America, including in the Sierra Tarahumara in the State of Chihuahua or in the native communities of Pai Pai, Cucapá, Kumiai, Kiliwa and Cochimí in the State of Baja California, Mexico.

 

Their demands stem from the decision to defend their natural resources, which constitute their livelihoods and their future as peoples; but this does not suffice for transnational companies to desist from their idea of taking control of these resources in order to convert them into goods that can be traded, with the support of national governments, who provide them with the necessary facilities.

 

On behalf of the Yamasi People, in North America we state:

 

UN Member States unilaterally decide to designate ‘sacrifice’ areas – areas to defoliate or poison with toxic substances for the good of “security”. The military solution is often the least productive response to tension or conflict. Indigenous Peoples propose solutions that allow opportunities for opposing sides to achieve their goals in good measure.  We propose a sharing approach, not an all-or-nothing approach.  Yamasi People, neighboring Indigenous Peoples, and our increasing number of colonial neighbors suffer from perpetual poisoning from nuclear radiation in the area of the Savannah River site, the largest nuclear weapons processing facility in the world.

 

The US has decreased security in the area of Savannah River site (SRS) by forcibly imposing on Indigenous and non-indigenous Peoples unwanted and unnecessary US-subsidized nuclear reactors in this same ‘sacrifice’ area. The US has decreased security in the area of SRS by soliciting nuclear waste from all over the world to traffick to original nations with SRS, with whom the US has no agreement for such activities.  World security is threatened by this concentration of nuclear material in a US-occupied area where the US continues to promote violence and refuses to negotiate peace with Indigenous Peoples.

 

Further, Yamasi People in particular are violently targeted by US-paid unsustainable developers. Yamasi are assaulted, raped, incarcerated, torture, trafficked, enslaved, and murdered by the US because we offer a more productive approach to peace and security planning. Because Yamasi People do not consent to the US unsustainable development agenda of building money-laundering facilities for transnational crime organizations, the US gives US federal tax money to the entities that the US has created to appropriate our identity. The US violates the reproductive rights of Yamasi women and girls instead of facilitating education and leadership development. Instead of negotiating with Yamasi leaders, the US generation after generation consciously and deliberately rapes Yamasi leaders.  This violence could end if the UN sanctioned Members practicing discrimination under the color of apartheid law, as the US does with US ‘Indian Law’.

 

Colonial authorities apply apartheid laws to authorize criminal transnational organizations to appropriate our indigenous identity for development purposes. When Indigenous Peoples oppose unsustainable development, the colonials—without the free, prior and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples—create shell companies that are often criminal transnational organizations posing as Indigenous Peoples in order to assign them rights to the development of Indigenous Peoples. The international community has for too many generations supported these activities, with the explicit support of the progenitors of the European Union and its system of slavery based on the appropriation of the rights to development of Indigenous Peoples.

 

This system of granting the development rights of Indigenous Peoples to shell corporations that are criminal transnational organizations (TCOs) threatens world security because this type of development that lacks free, prior and informed consent has consequences such as conflict and climate change.

 

Free prior and informed consent is essential for world peace and security.

 

 

Thank you, Mr. Chairman.

 

·         Consultoría de los Pueblos Indígenas en el norte de México, A.C. (CPINM)  MEXICO
[Consultancy of Indigenous Peoples in the North of Mexico]

EDIFICIO TORRE ESTRELLA, Calle Luis Cabrera # 2071 – Despacho 206

Zona Urbana Río, Tijuana, Baja California, México. C.P. 22010

Tel. +52 (664) 6340371 Cel. +52 (664) 1968079

consultoria_indigena@yahoo.com.mx

 

  • Comunidad del Saber Andino (CISA) ECUADOR
    [Community of Andean Wisdom]

Almendros s/n planta alta

Quito, Ecuador.

Tel. + (593) 999298117

manpujarksisa@gmail.com

 

  • Yamasi People

Box 60033 Savannah MGeorgia a 31420  North America

Ph. + (912) 376 9786

international@yamasi.org

 

Invitation to International Conference on People’s Rights in the Philippines (ICPRP)

We extend the invitation from the organizers to participate in the International Conference for Peoples’ Rights in the Philippines (ICPRP2016) on 23-24 July 2016 in Davao City, Philippines. The ICPRP 2016 also involves participation to the:
· July 16 to 20, 2016 International Solidarity Missions (ISM) in areas in Mindanao, Cordillera, Eastern Visayas, Southern Tagalog, and Panay region; and
· July 21 to 22, 2016 2nd General Assembly of the International Coalition for Human Rights in the Philippines (ICHRP) in Davao City, Philippines.
The ICPRP 2016 and its related-events is a good opportunity for exposure, learning and solidarity with other Indigenous Peoples, human rights and environment groups around the globe. Kindly click on this website for more information: http://www.humanrightsphilippines.net/events/international-conference-for-peoples-rights-in-the-philippines/

NPMHR intervention on the 15th session of the UNPFII

Paper presentation during the 15th Session of the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues 2016 on; “Indigenous Peoples; Conflict, Peace and Resolution” by Neingulo Krome, Secretary General, Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights at the United Nations Headquarters at New York on the 17th of May 2016.

By: NeinguloKrome, Naga Peoples Movement for Human Rights

Respected Chair of the Permanent Forum, honorable Expert Members, distinguished Indigenous leaders and delegates, ladies and gentlemen.

Nagas are one of the indigenous peoples of Asia, who were independent and sovereign much like the ancient Greek city-states till Britishers found them and invaded their land in1832. Nagas fought back and resisted them till parts of their land were conquered and colonized in 1879 leaving a large area as un-administered and free from any kind of governance. So when the British Statutory Commission came to the then Naga Hills in 1929, the Nagas submitted their first written document, asking the British Government that the Naga Hills be withdrawn from the Reformed Scheme of India, in which the Naga Hills were included without their consent or knowledge, and to leave the Nagas alone to determine for themselves as in ancient times. Very unfortunately, when the British left the sub-continentand India started militarily occupying the Naga country, the British Government never even blinked its eyes not to talk of speaking a word to set records right.

So after India became Independent and Nagas refused to join the new Indian union and boycotted the first Indian General elections in 1952, Indian military troops were sent into the Naga Hills in 1953, to crush the Nagas. As a consequence, entire villages were burnt down,granaries, crops, cattle and domestic animals were not even spared. Woman raped, tortured and murdered in full view of family members and villagers and so on. The list is endless and dehumanizing.So to make a very long story short, let me just say that the political conflict of the Indigenous Nagasis known to be one of Asia’s longest running conflicts.

From then and until now, there have been numerous conflicts, also peace agreements and several attempts for resolution of the conflicts.  But all of these have failed to meaningfully serve its purpose, but ratherpromoted other more and newer conflicts.  For instance, there was the first Ceasefire, which came into effect on September 6, 1964and Peace negotiations were held between Naga leaders and the Government of Indiabut which could not resolve the conflict with India eventually and unilaterally breaking off the Ceasefire.

With resumptions of military operations on the Nagas, which saw more violence and destruction,pain and human sufferings and whichcameto the notice of the United Nations, the then Secretary General of the United Nations, Mr. Boutros Boutros Ghali, acknowledged and said; “there is human rights situation in Nagaland”.This revelation from the UN and other admissions made by a few Indian Army Generals, that the Naga problem cannot be solved militarily and must be solved politically, the 2nd Ceasefire came into effect on the 1st of August 1997.

It is almost 19 years now since the 2ndCeasefire had taken place and numerous Political negotiations have been going on without any concrete resolution.But nevertheless there have been positive outcomes in the various stages of negotiations despite the many frustrations. It was also only last year in August 3, 2015, that a FrameworkAgreement was also signed and which the Prime Minister of Indiahimself proudly announced to the international community in Dubaisaying that a final Peace settlement with the Nagas issue is at hand. But this also has not happened yet.

We do not know when a resolution to our Conflict will come which have been assured year after year. But what we do know is, that India is infested with all kinds of social and political unrest wherever Indigenous peoples live. Many Indigenous peoples even in North East India are also asserting their rights and have been fighting for their rights. The Naga political movement has been often branded as the “mother of all insurgency in North East India” which is not necessarily correct because of the nature in which Governments deals with Indigenous peoples and their issues. But whatever the case may be, nobody wants to live in a trouble-torn state of affairs all their lives but nobody will also easily give up their rights without some kind of respect to their human dignity. And therefore, almost every people’s movement in India is also watching how India is going to resolve the Naga issue. If the resolution of the Naga conflict is seen as “honourable and acceptable”, there are huge possibilities where other Indigenous Peoples movement may come forward for peaceful resolution as some are already doing. But if it is not, in all likelihood the situations in the already trouble-torn Indigenous areas may deteriorate.

Ladies and Gentlemen let me conclude by saying that the Indigenous Nagas fought and resisted the invading British colonials for 47 years;we were subjects of colonialism for 68 years. We have undergone all kinds of human sufferings and humiliation for another 50 years under military occupation of India.And we are now experiencing 19 years of Ceasefire.But during these last 19 years of Ceasefire and political negotiations we are also seeing psychological warfare, developmental aggressions,corruption and divisions at all levels of the society, while the energy of the peace loving citizens are drained just in trying to keep the peace process alive. Notwithstanding all of the above, and in the midst of all the turmoil, our lands and people weredivided into nation states of India and Burma (now Myanmar) and within India, into different states of Nagaland, Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh without our knowledge or consent which in itself is a manifestation of the colonial policy of “Divide and Rule” being imposed on us forcefully.

Finally, in line with the experiences of Nagas and other indigenous peoples of North East India, which are common to other indigenous peoples in Asia and perhaps around the world, we can draw some of the following common issues and recommendations:

  1. Indigenous peoples in Asia have faced long-standing conflicts beginning with colonial powers and now with States under which their territories fall. To resolve these conflicts, rights of indigenous peoples to self-determination need to be respected as per Articles 3 and 4 of the UNDRIP so that they can freely determine their political status and freely pursue their economic, social and cultural development.
  2. Besides political conflicts, development aggression of States in indigenous territories is adding to the worsening situation of indigenous peoples. Indigenous peoples’ rights to lands, territories and resources as guaranteed mainlyin Articles 26, 27, 28, 30 and 32 of the UNDRIP, including right against forced military activities in their lands should be fully implemented to prevent and resolve further land-related conflicts of indigenous peoples.
  3. International borders have divided indigenous peoples. This has denied them the right to maintain and develop contacts, relations and cooperation, including activities for cultural, political, economic and social purposes, with their own members as well as other peoples across borders, as required under Article 36 of the UNDRIP. States need to take more effective measures to implement this right in conjunction with the indigenous peoples.

 

Thank you