PRESS RELEASE | Bolsonaro gov’t threatens IP lands, life, environment

PRESS RELEASE
October 31, 2018

‘Bolsonaro gov’t threatens IP lands, life, environment’

After Jair Bolsonaro secured the presidential seat in the Brazil elections last Sunday, global network of Indigenous Peoples (IP) organizations International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) fears that the Bolsonaro government is a ‘threat’ to the lives and rights of IP in the country following the new president’s bold pronouncements of boosting the economy by opening up protected areas in the Amazon giving way to mining and oil projects that have been linked to the spike of killings in the region.

“We fear for the lives and safety of our indigenous leaders and communities in Brazil with a government that has very little regard to the right to self-determination of the Indigenous Peoples. With the kind of declarations he has been proudly circulating, he already exposed himself as a collaborator of mining corporations and corporate businesses drooling to plunder the rich ancestral lands and protected rainforest of the Amazons,” said Beverly Sakongan Longid, Global Coordinator of IPMSDL.

According to Global Witness report, 57 killings in 2017 is recorded Brazil, making it the most dangerous place in the world for environmental, land, and indigenous activists. Around 80% of these killings happen while protecting the natural riches of the Amazon.

“Bolsonaro may have been deaf or blind to the alarming news that Brazil has been one of the most dangerous places for IP defenders as land-related conflicts continue to erupt. But what is more appalling is how he, as a former army captain, unpretentiously praise the grim military dictatorship era that has displaced, killed, and tortured thousands of Indians in the Amazon,” she added.

During his campaign, Bolsonaro said “not one centimeter of land will be demarcated for indigenous reserves or quilombolas (descendants of African slaves)”, giving way to mining. He is also keen on opening hydroelectric dams in the water reserves and roads cutting across the Amazon.

To fast track licensing of plantation and extractive businesses, Bolsonaro also pledged to combine the country’s oversight and environment watchdog Environment Ministry with the Agriculture Ministry, which on the other hand is heavily controlled by his allies in the agribusiness sector.

“Everything could be in danger-the hard earned victories of indigenous leaders against illegal loggers, the hopes built around environment protection in the Escazu Agreement, the prime role of the Amazon in battling climate change, and the culture and very existence of Indigenous Peoples and their childrenl. But although the threats are looming, the global solidarity of indigenous peoples movements whether in Brazil, in the whole of Latin America, Africa, and Asia will continue to grow and advance to assert our rights,” explained Longid.

Reference:
Beverly Longid, Global Coordinator | info@ipmsdl.org

Portuguese Translation by Google Translate

COMUNICADO DE IMPRENSA
31 de Outubro de 2018

Bolsonaro gov ameaça terra IP, vida, meio ambiente

Depois que Jair Bolsonaro garantiu a vaga presidencial nas eleições brasileiras no último domingo, a Rede Global de Organizações Indígenas (IP), Movimento Internacional Indígena pela Autodeterminação e Libertação (IPMSDL), teme que o governo Bolsonaro seja uma “ameaça” à vida e à direitos de PI no país após os pronunciamentos ousados ​​do novo presidente de impulsionar a economia abrindo áreas protegidas na Amazônia dando lugar a projetos de mineração e petróleo que têm sido associados ao aumento de mortes na região.

“Tememos pela vida e segurança de nossos líderes e comunidades indígenas no Brasil com um governo que tem muito pouco em conta o direito à autodeterminação dos povos indígenas. Com o tipo de declarações que ele tem circulado com orgulho, ele já se expôs como colaborador de corporações de mineração e empresas corporativas para saquear as ricas terras ancestrais e proteger a floresta amazônica ”, disse Beverly Sakongan Longid, Coordenador Global do IPMSDL.

De acordo com o relatório da Global Witness, 57 assassinatos em 2017 são registrados no Brasil, tornando-se o lugar mais perigoso do mundo para ativistas ambientais, terrestres e indígenas. Cerca de 80% dessas mortes acontecem enquanto protegem as riquezas naturais da Amazônia.

“Bolsonaro pode ter sido surdo ou cego para a notícia alarmante de que o Brasil tem sido um dos lugares mais perigosos para os defensores da PI, já que os conflitos relacionados à terra continuam em erupção. Mas o mais chocante é como ele, como ex-capitão do Exército, elogia despretensiosamente a sombria era da ditadura militar que deslocou, matou e torturou milhares de índios na Amazônia ”, acrescentou.

Durante sua campanha, Bolsonaro disse que “nem um centímetro de terra será demarcado para reservas indígenas ou quilombolas (descendentes de escravos africanos)”, dando lugar à mineração. Ele também está interessado em abrir represas hidrelétricas nas reservas de água e estradas que cortam a Amazônia.

Para acelerar o licenciamento de plantações e negócios extrativistas, a Bolsonaro também prometeu combinar a fiscalização do país e o Ministério do Meio Ambiente com o Ministério da Agricultura, que, por outro lado, é fortemente controlado por seus aliados no setor de agronegócio.

“Tudo poderia estar em perigo”, as vitórias duramente conquistadas dos líderes indígenas contra madeireiros ilegais, as esperanças construídas em torno da proteção do meio ambiente no Acordo de Escazu, o papel primordial da Amazônia na luta contra as mudanças climáticas e a cultura e existência dos Povos Indígenas. seus filhos. Mas, embora as ameaças estejam se aproximando, a solidariedade global dos movimentos de povos indígenas, seja no Brasil, em toda a América Latina, África e Ásia, continuará crescendo e avançando para fazer valer nossos direitos ”, explicou Longid.

French Translation by DeepL

COMMUNIQUÉ DE PRESSE
31 Octobre 2018

Le gouvernement Bolsonaro ne menace pas les terres de peuples autochtones, la vie, l’environnement

Après que Jair Bolsonaro eut obtenu le siège présidentiel aux élections brésiliennes dimanche dernier, le réseau mondial des organisations de peuples autochtones (IP) du Mouvement international des peuples autochtones pour l’autodétermination et la libération (IPMSDL) craint que le gouvernement Bolsonaro ne soit une ” menace ” pour la vie et les droits des PI dans le pays suite aux déclarations du nouveau président qui s’était engagé avec détermination à stimuler l’économie en ouvrant des zones protégées dans la région Amazone à la réalisation de projets miniers et pétroliers liés au nombre record des tueries dans cette région.

“Nous craignons pour la vie et la sécurité de nos dirigeants et de nos communautés autochtones au Brésil avec un gouvernement qui a très peu de considération pour le droit à l’autodétermination des peuples autochtones. Avec le genre de déclarations qu’il a fièrement fait circuler, il s’est déjà exposé en tant que collaborateur de sociétés minières et d’entreprises commerciales bavant de piller les riches terres ancestrales et les forêts tropicales protégées des Amazones “, a déclaré Beverly Sakongan Longid, coordinatrice mondiale de IPMSDL.

Selon le rapport de Global Witness, 57 meurtres ont été enregistrés au Brésil en 2017, ce qui en fait l’endroit le plus dangereux au monde pour les militants de l’environnement, de la terre et des indigènes. Environ 80% de ces tueries se produisent tout en protégeant les richesses naturelles de l’Amazonie.

“Bolsonaro a peut-être été sourd ou aveugle aux nouvelles alarmantes selon lesquelles le Brésil était l’un des endroits les plus dangereux pour les défenseurs de la peuples autochtones alors que les conflits liés à la terre continuent à éclater. Mais ce qui est encore plus épouvantable, c’est qu’en tant qu’ancien capitaine de l’armée, il loue sans prétention l’époque sombre de la dictature militaire qui a déplacé, tué et torturé des milliers d’Indiens en Amazonie “, a-t-elle ajouté.

Au cours de sa campagne, Bolsonaro a déclaré que “pas un centimètre de terre ne sera délimité pour les réserves indigènes ou les quilombolas (descendants d’esclaves africains)”, cédant la place à l’exploitation minière. Il tient également à ouvrir des barrages hydroélectriques dans les réserves d’eau et les routes qui traversent l’Amazonie.

Pour accélérer l’octroi de licences de plantation et d’entreprises extractives, M. Bolsonaro s’est également engagé à combiner le ministère de l’Environnement, chargé de la surveillance et de la surveillance de l’environnement, avec le ministère de l’Agriculture, qui, d’autre part, est fortement contrôlé par ses alliés dans le secteur agro-alimentaire.

“Tout pourrait être en danger – les victoires durement gagnées des dirigeants autochtones contre les bûcherons illégaux, les espoirs fondés sur la protection de l’environnement dans l’Accord d’Escazu, le rôle primordial de l’Amazonie dans la lutte contre les changements climatiques et la culture et l’existence même des peuples autochtones et de leurs enfants – mais, malgré la menace qui se profile, la solidarité mondiale des peuples autochtones continuera à croître et à faire valoir nos droits, au Brésil, partout en Amérique latine, en Afrique et en Asie ” a déclaré Longid.

On the PCFS’ 4th General Assembly

The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) congratulates the successful 4th General Assembly of the People’s Coalition on Food Sovereignty (PCFS) this October 28, 2018 in Surat Thani, Thailand convening international members from West and North Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America.

Under the assembly’s theme “Defend Our Victories! Assert People’s Rights to Land, Water, and Food!”, PCFS looks forward in strengthening its consolidated membership and forwarding campaigns and initiatives to promote food sovereignty.

Since PCFS’ establishment in 2001, it has united the rural sector in the struggle for land rights, human rights, and people-led development. In 2010, it helped found the International IPMSDL with the intersecting struggle of Indigenous Peoples and peasants against various attacks of transnational companies (TNCs) and State to plunder our lands and resources, and we have worked together in several campaigns against neoliberal globalization on food, agriculture, and land.

From then on, PCFS has decisively led people’s struggles in defending and asserting their rights amid growing malnutrition, hunger, and impoverishment brought about by imperialist-backed development aggression, monopoly control of our food systems and agriculture, state repression, militarism, and war.

While aggressive development projects favoring corporate and business-led programs in the rural areas, the space for peasants and small farmers continues to shrink as they are robbed of their right to land giving way to big plantations and transnational agri-businesses. Militarism and state-sponsored repression also continue to target the dissent of marginalised sectors particularly farmers and Indigenous peoples including land defenders resulting to systemic killings, criminalization, and harassments.

The growing challenge to unify the global mass movement for food sovereignty, create broader solidarity for people’s right to food, and drumbeat the campaign against hunger and malnutrition intensifies. But the unwavering struggle of rural communities of peasants and Indigenous Peoples to link arms with the global people’s movements beacons a renewed spirit to advance our struggle for land, life, and rights to greater heights until the genuine realization of people’s rights. #

Sobre la 4ª Asamblea General del PCFS

El Movimiento Internacional de los Pueblos Indígenas por la Autodeterminación y la Liberación (IPMSDL) felicita a la exitosa 4ª Asamblea General de la Coalición de los Pueblos por la Soberanía Alimentaria (PCFS) el 28 de octubre de 2018 en Surat Thani, Tailandia, convocando a miembros internacionales de África Occidental y del Norte, Asia, Europa y América Latina.

Bajo el tema de la asamblea “¡Defender nuestras victorias! Haciendo valer los derechos de los pueblos a la tierra, al agua y a la alimentación”, el PCFS espera con interés el fortalecimiento de su membresía consolidada y el envío de campañas e iniciativas para promover la soberanía alimentaria.

Desde su creación en 2001, el PCFS ha unido al sector rural en la lucha por los derechos a la tierra, los derechos humanos y el desarrollo dirigido por las personas. En 2010, ayudó a fundar la IPMSDL Internacional con la lucha intersectorial de los Pueblos Indígenas y los campesinos contra los diversos ataques de las empresas transnacionales (ETN) y el Estado para saquear nuestras tierras y recursos, y hemos trabajado juntos en varias campañas contra la globalización neoliberal sobre la alimentación, la agricultura y la tierra.

Desde entonces, el PCFS ha dirigido decisivamente las luchas populares en defensa y afirmación de sus derechos en medio de la creciente desnutrición, el hambre y el empobrecimiento causados por la agresión al desarrollo respaldada por el imperialismo, el control monopólico de nuestros sistemas alimentarios y la agricultura, la represión estatal, el militarismo y la guerra.

Mientras que los proyectos agresivos de desarrollo favorecen a los programas corporativos y empresariales en las zonas rurales, el espacio para los campesinos y pequeños agricultores sigue disminuyendo a medida que se les roba su derecho a la tierra, dando paso a las grandes plantaciones y a los agronegocios transnacionales. El militarismo y la represión patrocinada por el Estado también siguen atacando la disidencia de los sectores marginados, en particular los agricultores y los pueblos indígenas, incluidos los defensores de la tierra, lo que resulta en asesinatos, criminalización y hostigamiento sistemáticos.

El creciente desafío de unificar el movimiento mundial de masas por la soberanía alimentaria, crear una solidaridad más amplia en favor del derecho de los pueblos a la alimentación, y hacer tamborilear la campaña contra el hambre y la malnutrición se intensifica. Pero la lucha inquebrantable de las comunidades rurales de campesinos y pueblos indígenas para vincular las armas con los movimientos populares mundiales es una señal de un espíritu renovado para avanzar en nuestra lucha por la tierra, la vida y los derechos a mayores alturas hasta la realización genuina de los derechos de los pueblos. #

A propos de la 4ème Assemblée Générale du PCFS

Le Mouvement international des peuples autochtones pour l’autodétermination et la libération (IPMSDL) félicite la 4ème Assemblée générale de la Coalition populaire pour la souveraineté alimentaire (PCFS) qui s’est tenue avec succès le 28 octobre 2018 à Surat Thani, Thaïlande, réunissant des membres internationaux d’Afrique occidentale et du Nord, d’Asie, d’Europe et d’Amérique latine.

Sous le thème de l’assemblée “Défendons nos victoires ! Affirmer les droits des peuples à la terre, à l’eau et à l’alimentation “, le PCFS se réjouit à l’idée de renforcer ses membres et de lancer des campagnes et des initiatives visant à promouvoir la souveraineté alimentaire.

Depuis sa création en 2001, le PCFS a uni le secteur rural dans la lutte pour les droits fonciers, les droits de l’homme et le développement mené par les populations. En 2010, elle a contribué à la création de l’IPMSDL international avec la lutte croisée des peuples autochtones et des paysans contre diverses attaques des sociétés transnationales (STN) et de l’État pour piller nos terres et nos ressources, et nous avons travaillé ensemble dans plusieurs campagnes contre la mondialisation néolibérale sur l’alimentation, l’agriculture et la terre.

Depuis lors, le PCFS a mené de manière décisive les luttes populaires pour la défense et l’affirmation de leurs droits dans un contexte de malnutrition croissante, de faim et d’appauvrissement provoqué par l’agression du développement soutenu par les impérialistes, le contrôle monopolistique de nos systèmes alimentaires et agricoles, la répression d’Etat, le militarisme et la guerre.

Alors que les projets de développement agressifs favorisent les programmes des entreprises et les programmes dirigés par les entreprises dans les zones rurales, l’espace pour les paysans et les petits agriculteurs continue de se rétrécir car ils sont privés de leur droit à la terre, cédant la place aux grandes plantations et aux agroentreprises transnationales. Le militarisme et la répression parrainée par l’État continuent également de cibler la dissidence des secteurs marginalisés, en particulier les agriculteurs et les peuples autochtones, y compris les défenseurs des terres, ce qui entraîne des meurtres systémiques, la criminalisation et le harcèlement.

Le défi croissant d’unifier le mouvement mondial de masse pour la souveraineté alimentaire, de créer une plus grande solidarité pour le droit des peuples à l’alimentation et de battre le tambour de la campagne contre la faim et la malnutrition s’intensifie. Mais la lutte inébranlable des communautés rurales de paysans et des peuples autochtones pour lier les armes aux mouvements populaires mondiaux est le signe d’un esprit renouvelé pour faire avancer notre lutte pour la terre, la vie et les droits à des hauteurs plus élevées jusqu’à la réalisation authentique des droits des peuples. #

On Katribu’s 5th National Congress

[Scroll down for Filipino Translation]

Indigenous Peoples National Unity for Genuine Liberation

The Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) extends its greetings of solidarity to the 5th National Congress of the Katribu Kalipunan ng Katutubong Mamamayan ng Pilipinas (Katribu National Alliance of Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines) this 25th of October at the University of the Philippines, Quezon City.

As one of the pioneering member and founder of the International IPMSDL in November 2010, Katribu has continuously promoted the rights of Indigenous Peoples (IP) in the Philippines. It consistently and vigorously campaigned for the IP struggle for the rights to ancestral lands and self-determination.

The Indigenous Peoples in the Philippines face great challenges due to the aggressive invasion of private companies, large transnational companies, and government projects in indigenous communities. Large numbers of blatantly violate the indigenous rights to ancestral territories to serve their selfish interests. On several instances, intense militarization, attacks from paramilitary and private armed groups has been linked with creating the favorable conditions for businesses. With this, the plunder of the nation’s rich natural resources, forests and mountains in the Indigenous Peoples territories became more distressing.

The violation of human and IP rights was further aggravated by the extension of the Martial Law in Mindanao which resulted in attacks on schools, livelihoods, forced evacuations and massive displacement of Lumad. Meanwhile, the Aeta of Central Luzon continue to face the challenges of the New Clark City project, while dam projects and mines occupy the Igorot’s ancestral lands in Cordillera, as well as the Mangyan’s and Dumagat’s lands in Southern Luzon.

Since June 2016, under the Administration of Rodrigo Duterte, 67 cases of Indigenous Peoples extra-judicial killings were recorded. 353,988 individuals were affected by bombings and 401,582 were victims of forced evacuation. The IP also experienced several cases of trumped-up cases, abductions and forced disappearances, and other forms of violence. Terrorist-tagging of indigenous leaders, and indigenous peasants being forced to admit as armed rebels remains prevalent.

Despite the challenges, Katribu has firmly established a broad alliance with the marginalised peoples and the oppressed sector to defeat the attacks on their livelihood, rights and security. It actively mobilizes and generates local and international support and solidarity.

In this congress, the International IPMSDL looks forward to a strengthened partnership with Indigenous Peoples and with all oppressed sectors around the world experiencing attacks from the state and corporate plunder of their ancestral lands.

As the offensive of oppression and fascism towards the Indigenous Peoples intensify, the challenge to unify the struggle for self-determination and liberation grows. Through creative, sustained, and strengthening multi-facet consolidation of solidarity, the Indigenous Peoples movement decisively approaches the realization of their rights for genuine liberation.

LONG LIVE KATRIBU! LONG LIVE THE STRUGGLE OF THE INDIGENOUS PEOPLES IN THE PHILIPPINES!

STRUGGLE AGAINST FASCISM AND PLUNDER OF THE US-DUTERTE REGIME!

STRENGTHEN THE UNITY OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLES!
STRUGGLE FOR SELF-DETERMINATION AND NATIONAL DEMOCRACY!

 

Reference: Beverly Longid, IPMSDL Global Coordinator | info@ipmsdl.org

 

Pambansang Pagkakaisa ng mga Katutubo para sa Pambansang Kalayaan

Maalab na pagbati ng pakikipagkaisa ang ipinaaabot ng International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Detemrination and Liberation (IPMSDL) sa ika-limang pambansang kongreso ng KATRIBU – Kalipunan ng Katutubong Mamamayan ng Pilipinas ngayong ika-25 ng Oktubre sa Unibersidad ng Pilipinas, Quezon City.

Bilang isa sa mga unang organisasyon na kasapi at tagapagtatag ng International IPMSDL noong Nobyembre 2010, aktibong itinaguyod ng KATRIBU ang pagsusulong ng karapatan ng mga katutubo sa Pilipinas. Masigla nitong ikinampanya mula noon hanggang sa kasalukuyan ang laban ng mga katutubo para sa karapatan sa lupang ninuno at sariling-pagpapasya.

Matinding dagok ang kinaharap ng katutubo sa Pilipinas dahil patuloy na panghihimasok ng mga pribadong kompanya, dambuhalang dayuhang kompanya, proyekto ng gobyerno, at imperyalistang bansa sa ating mga komunindad. Malaking bilang ng mga ito ay lantarang nilalabag ang karapatan ng katutubo upang agawin ang lupang ninuno para sa kanilang makasariling interes. Sa maraming pagkakataon, kaugnay ng matinding militarisasyon, atake ng para-militar at pribadong armadong grupo ang paglikha ng paborableng espasyo para sa negosyo. Sa ganitong ugnayan lumilitaw ang pandarambong ng mayamang likas na yaman, kagubatan, at kabundukan sa ating mga teritoryo.

Pinatindi pa ng paglabag sa karapatang pantao at karapatan ng mga katutubo ang pagpapalawig ng Martial Law sa Mindanao na nagdulot ng atake sa paaralan, kabuhayan, pamayan, at pwersahang paglikas ng mga Lumad. Parehong hamon din ang patuloy na kinakaharap ng mga katutubo sa Gitnang Luzon dulot ng proyektong New Clark City, mga proyektong dam at minahan sa lupang ninuno ng mga Igorot sa Cordillera, mga Mangyan at Dumagat ng Timog Katagalugan, at Tumanduk ng isla ng Panay.

Mula Hunyo 2016 sa ilalim ng administrasyon ni Rodrigo Duterte, aabot sa 67 kaso ng extra-judicial killing ng katutubo ang naitala. May 353,988 na indibidwal ang apektado ng pambobomba at 401,582 naman ang biktimang sapilitang paglikas. Hindi rin kakaunti ang sinampahan ng gawa-gawang kaso, dinukot at nawawala, at nakaranas ng pandarahas. Nananatili rin ang banta sa mga lider-katutubo na binansagan terorista, at mga katutubong magsasaka na pilit pinaaamin bilang armadong rebelde.

Sa kabila ng mga hamon, matibay na nabuo ng KATRIBU ang malawak na alyansa kasama ng mamamayan at inaaping sektor upang salagin ang atake sa kanilang kabuhayan, karapatan at seguridad. Aktibong nitong naipaabot at namobilisa ang suportang lokal at internasyunal upang umani ng pagkakaisa.

Sa pagtitipong ito ng KATRIBU, tumatanaw ng mas matibay na pakikipagtulungan ang International IPMSDL, kasama ng marami pang katutubo at iba pang mga aping sektor sa buong mundo na dumaranas ng atake mula sa kanilang estado at pandarambong ng mga korporasyon at imperyalista sa ating likas yaman.

Habang tumitindi ang opensiba ng pang-aapi at pasismo sa mga katutubo, lumalaki ang hamon para likhain ang nagkakaisang paglaban ng mga katutubo kasama ang iba’t ibang sektor ng lipunan. Sa pamamagitan ng malikhain, patuloy at papalakas na lahatang-panig na konsolidasyon ng ating pwersa, papalapit sa tagumpay ang kilusan ng mga katutubo at mamamayan para sa pagtamasa ng ating karapatan sa pagkakamit ng pambansang kalayaan.

MABUHAY ANG KATRIBU! MABUHAY ANG PAKIKIBAKA NG KATUTUBONG MAMAMAYAN SA PILIPINAS!

LABANAN ANG PASISMO AT PANDARAMBONG NG REHIMENG US-DUTERTE!

IBAYONG PAHIGPITIN ANG PAGKAKAISA NG KATUTUBONG MAMAMAYAN!

ISULONG ANG PAKIKIBAKA PARA SA SARILING PAGPAPASYA AT PAMBANSANG DEMOKRASYA!

 

On the 2018 Peoples Global Conference (PGC) Against IMF-WB

Photo from Peoples Global Conference Against IMF-WB Facebook Page

The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation commends the victories of the Peoples’ Global Conference Against International Monetary Fund – World Bank from Oct. 11 to 14 in Bali in forwarding the peoples demand against a corporatized development amid desperate offensives of the Indonesian state to defeat the people’s assembly up to the last minute.

The International IPMSDL also extends its highest salute of solidarity to the people of Bali and the entire Indonesia for their resolute stand to cut through the lies of the Joko Widodo administration which aggressively prioritizes the implementation of IMF-WB neoliberal dogma, while neglecting thousands of its citizens devastated by recent calamities.

As co-organizer of the PGC, the International IPMSDL was represented by indigenous leaders, activists, and advocates from different grass roots organizations from 6 Asia-Pacific countries. Through the PGC plenary, workshop and forums, the IP’s concrete experiences was able to uncover to the world the reality of energy projects, monocrop plantations, extractives and infrastructure investments trampling the IP rights to self-determination.

The narrative of IP communities paints a clear picture of corporatized development favoring the profit of private businesses at the expense of human rights, particularly on land and self-determination. A delegate from Laos shared the continuing distress of their community due to the Xe Pian Xe Namnoy dam collapse, while a community leader from Cambodia’s Pnong tribe shared how the Se San II Dam, funded by the WB’s International Finance Corporation, submerged their whole land.

Corporatized monocrop plantation projects shoved by the IMF-WB to the governments’ throats intensify land grabs such as in the cases of indigenous peasants of Riau, Indonesia and of Sabah, Malaysia. Indigenous leaders from both countries shared how the entry of palm oil plantation and land titling policies have deprived the IP of their right to land and culture.

The growing resistance against energy and extractive projects against the profit-driven development agenda of IMF-WB is countered with direct assault on IP leaders and activists. As client states create the favorable condition for investments, delegates from Manipur, India and West Papua shared how mineral-rich ancestral territories are cleared and land defenders are murdered under the banner of counter-insurgency, militarism, and anti-terror campaigns.

It is because of these attacks that IP movements gather and unify to assert their rights. For the Indonesian government posturing to forward democracy, same as how IMF-WB masks itself as an advocate of inclusion, a peoples’ conference exposing and opposing their plunder of human capital and natural resources becomes a great threat.

The IMF-WB’s bankrupt slogan of Maximising Finance for Development that recycles imperialist agenda and that has further impoverished communities and violated indigenous and marginalised peoples’ rights has pushed the latter to realize the inevitability of charting their own future.

The success of the Peoples Global Conference against IMF-WB is a result of the peoples’ triumph and assertion to dismantle the IMF-WB as the imperialist tool for oppression. The International IPMSDL stands that the condition is favourable to broaden our resistance and advance the fight for IP’s right to self-determination and the struggle for people’s rights, and genuine liberation. ###

 

Reference: Beverly Longid, Global Coordinator | info@ipmsdl.org

[SPANISH]

Traducción por DeepL

Sobre la Conferencia Global de los Pueblos (CMP) de 2018 contra el FMI-BM

El Movimiento Internacional de los Pueblos Indígenas por la Autodeterminación y la Liberación (IPMSDL) elogia las victorias de la Conferencia Mundial de los Pueblos contra el Fondo Monetario Internacional – Banco Mundial, celebrada del 11 al 14 de octubre en Bali, en el avance de la demanda de los pueblos contra un desarrollo corporativizado en medio de las desesperadas ofensivas del Estado indonesio para derrotar a la asamblea popular hasta el último minuto.

La IPMSDL Internacional también extiende su más alto saludo de solidaridad al pueblo de Bali y a toda Indonesia por su decidida posición de cortar con las mentiras de la administración de Joko Widodo que prioriza agresivamente la implementación del dogma neoliberal del FMI-BM, mientras descuida a miles de sus ciudadanos devastados por las recientes calamidades.

Como co-organizador del PGC, el IPMSDL Internacional estuvo representado por líderes indígenas, activistas y defensores de diferentes organizaciones de base de 6 países de Asia y el Pacífico. A través de la sesión plenaria, los talleres y los foros del PGC, las experiencias concretas de los PI pudieron descubrir al mundo la realidad de los proyectos energéticos, las plantaciones de monocultivos, las actividades extractivas y las inversiones en infraestructura que pisotean los derechos de Pueblos Indígenas a la libre determinación.

El relato de las comunidades de P.I. presenta un panorama claro del desarrollo corporativo que favorece el beneficio de las empresas privadas a expensas de los derechos humanos, en particular sobre la tierra y la autodeterminación. Un delegado de Laos compartió la continua angustia de su comunidad debido al colapso de la presa Xe Pian Xe Namnoy, mientras que un líder comunitario de la tribu camboyana Pnong compartió cómo la presa Se San II, financiada por la Corporación Financiera Internacional del BM, sumergió toda su tierra.

Los proyectos corporativos de monocultivos empujados por el FMI-BM a las gargantas de los gobiernos intensifican el acaparamiento de tierras, como en el caso de los campesinos indígenas de Riau, Indonesia, y de Sabah, Malasia. Líderes indígenas de ambos países compartieron cómo la entrada de las plantaciones de aceite de palma y las políticas de titulación de tierras han privado a los PI de su derecho a la tierra y a la cultura.

La creciente resistencia contra los proyectos energéticos y extractivos y contra el programa de desarrollo con fines de lucro del FMI-BM se contrarresta con ataques directos contra los líderes y activistas de la PI. Mientras los estados clientes crean las condiciones favorables para las inversiones, los delegados de Manipur, India y Papúa Occidental compartieron cómo se despejan los territorios ancestrales ricos en minerales y se asesina a los defensores de la tierra bajo la bandera de la contrainsurgencia, el militarismo y las campañas antiterroristas.

Es debido a estos ataques que los movimientos de PI se reúnen y se unen para hacer valer sus derechos. Para que el gobierno indonesio se haga cargo del avance de la democracia, al igual que el FMI-BM se disfraza de defensor de la inclusión, una conferencia de los pueblos que exponga y se oponga a su saqueo del capital humano y los recursos naturales se convierte en una gran amenaza.

La consigna en bancarrota del FMI-BM de Maximizar el financiamiento para el desarrollo, que recicla la agenda imperialista y que ha empobrecido aún más a las comunidades y violado los derechos de los pueblos indígenas y marginados, ha empujado a estos últimos a darse cuenta de la inevitabilidad de trazar su propio futuro.

El éxito de la Conferencia Mundial de los Pueblos contra el FMI-BM es el resultado del triunfo y la afirmación de los pueblos de desmantelar el FMI-BM como la herramienta imperialista para la opresión. La IPMSDL Internacional sostiene que la condición es favorable para ampliar nuestra resistencia y avanzar en la lucha por el derecho de los PI a la autodeterminación y la lucha por los derechos de los pueblos, así como por una auténtica liberación.###

[FRENCH]

Traduction par DeepL

A propos de la Conférence mondiale des peuples (PGC) de 2018 contre le FMI-BM

Le Mouvement international des peuples autochtones pour l’autodétermination et la libération (IPMSDL) salue les victoires de la Conférence mondiale des peuples contre le Fonds monétaire international – Banque mondiale qui s’est tenue du 11 au 14 octobre à Bali pour faire passer la demande des peuples contre un développement corporatisé au milieu des offensives désespérées de l’État indonésien pour vaincre l’assemblée populaire à la dernière minute.

L’IPMSDL tient également à saluer le peuple de Bali et de toute l’Indonésie pour leur détermination à briser les mensonges de l’administration Joko Widodo qui accorde une priorité agressive à la mise en œuvre du dogme néolibéral du FMI et de la BM, en négligeant des milliers de ses citoyens dévastés par les récentes catastrophes.

En tant que co-organisateur du PGC, l’IPMSDL international était représenté par des dirigeants autochtones, des activistes et des défenseurs de différentes organisations de base de 6 pays d’Asie et du Pacifique. Grâce à la plénière, à l’atelier et aux forums du CGP, les expériences concrètes de la peuples autochtones ont permis de découvrir au monde entier la réalité des projets énergétiques, des plantations de monocultures, des industries extractives et des investissements dans les infrastructures qui bafouent les droits à l’autodétermination de la peuples autochtones.

Le récit des communautés de peuples autochtones brosse un tableau clair du développement corporatisé qui favorise le profit des entreprises privées au détriment des droits de l’homme, en particulier la terre et l’autodétermination. Un délégué du Laos a fait part de la détresse persistante de sa communauté en raison de l’effondrement du barrage de Xe Pian Xe Namnoy, tandis qu’un dirigeant de la tribu Pnong du Cambodge a expliqué comment le barrage de Se San II, financé par la Société financière internationale de la BM, a submergé tout leur territoire.

Les projets de monocultures corporatisées poussés par le FMI-BM à la gorge des gouvernements intensifient l’accaparement des terres, comme dans le cas des paysans autochtones de Riau (Indonésie) et de Sabah (Malaisie). Les dirigeants autochtones des deux pays ont expliqué comment l’entrée en vigueur des politiques de plantation d’huile de palme et d’octroi de titres fonciers a privé la peuples autochtones de son droit à la terre et à la culture.

La résistance croissante contre les projets énergétiques et extractifs contre le programme de développement axé sur le profit de la Banque mondiale et du FMI est contrée par des attaques directes contre les dirigeants et militants de la peuples autochtones. Alors que les États clients créent les conditions favorables aux investissements, les délégués du Manipur, de l’Inde et de la Papouasie occidentale ont expliqué comment les territoires ancestraux riches en minéraux sont défrichés et les défenseurs des terres assassinés sous la bannière de la contre-insurrection, du militarisme et des campagnes antiterroristes.

C’est à cause de ces attaques que les mouvements de peuples autochtones se rassemblent et s’unissent pour faire valoir leurs droits. Pour le gouvernement indonésien qui veut faire avancer la démocratie, de la même manière que le FMI-BM se fait passer pour un défenseur de l’inclusion, une conférence populaire exposant et s’opposant à son pillage du capital humain et des ressources naturelles devient une grande menace.

Le slogan en faillite du FMI et de la Banque mondiale, Maximiser le financement du développement, qui recycle le programme impérialiste et qui a appauvri davantage les communautés et violé les droits des peuples indigènes et marginalisés, a poussé ces derniers à réaliser qu’il est inévitable de tracer leur propre avenir.

Le succès de la Conférence mondiale des peuples contre le FMI-BM est le résultat du triomphe et de l’affirmation des peuples pour démanteler le FMI-BM en tant qu’instrument impérialiste de l’oppression. L’IPMSDL internationale estime que la condition est favorable pour élargir notre résistance et faire avancer la lutte pour le droit à l’autodétermination de la peuples autochtones et la lutte pour les droits des peuples, et pour une véritable libération.###

PGC Statement on Indonesia’s Crackdown on Civil Society Voice at AM2018

CIVIL SOCIETY, PEOPLES’ MOVEMENTS DENOUNCE INDONESIA’S CRACKDOWN ON CRITICAL VOICES AT AM BALI 2018 MEETING

We denounce Indonesian government’s violent crackdown on civil society and peoples’ movements at the IMF-World Bank Group Annual Meeting in Bali. The national government and the IMF-WBG are to be held into account for shutting down the Peoples Global Conference against IMF-World Bank (PGC) and for suppressing voices critical to the IMF and World Bank.

On 10 Oct, a day prior to the conference, the management of the Radio Republic Indonesia arbitrarily cancelled the PGC. The management cited organizers’ failure to produce a permit for the conference from the national police in Jakarta and provide them copies of passports of the international delegates attending. On 11 Oct, after finding an alternative venue at the Hotel Nirmala, the police yet again intervened and pressured the management to turn away the PGC organizers and leave us without a venue to hold the event. (See chronology of events below)

Such ridiculous requirements are obviously meant to throw a wrench into the conference and prevent the people from holding parallel actions such as the PGC that only seek to probe into the impacts of IMF and World Bank’s policies on grassroots communities and peoples who are often left behind in the development debate. Such dirty maneuvers make us wonder: why is the government of Indonesia under President Joko Widodo afraid of our conference?

We decry the continued harassment of the leaders of the national organizing committee and the youth volunteers of the PGC. On Oct 10, a local village security group attacked the office of the Bali Legal Aid and drove away the PGC youth volunteers. Anonymous text messages were circulated to besmirch the conference as “anti-development” and the organizers “troublemakers”. Maliciously altered posters were disseminated in public spaces with the intent of linking the PGC to banned organizations in the country, compromising the security of conference organizers and participants in the process.

We stand firm that the PGC is a forum for discussion on people-led and people-centered development and for solidarity with communities and sectors whose livelihoods have been destroyed, whose lands have been grabbed by foreign investors, who stand to suffer from climate change, and who are left to pay for the onerous, odious, and illegitimate debts incurred by their governments and used for purposes that did not serve the public’s interest and welfare.

The real enemies of the Indonesian and the world’s peoples are those who profit hugely from the precarious conditions of millions of unemployed and underemployed workers and the dispossession of poor farmers and indigenous peoples’ lands. The real threat to democracy is posed by those who finance their greed through risk guarantees paid for by public money. The real terror is the deplorable condition of peoples of poor and underdeveloped countries suffering from years of economic plunder by foreign transnational corporations and local elite, enabled by international financial institutions such as the IMF and World Bank.

The responsibility for the unjust shutting down of the PGC is also shared by the IMF and World Bank. These institutions are culpable for the ever shrinking space for peoples’ participation in development. This is not the first time that these institutions have chosen to hold their meeting in a country hostile to the free exercise of peoples’ right to assembly and speech.

We call on civil society and peoples’ movements to join us in our call in defense of peoples’ economic, social, political and civil rights. We call on everyone to mobilize and show support for the Peoples’ Global Conference.  ###

 

CHRONOLOGY OF EVENTS

The Peoples’ Global Conference against IMF-World Bank Group (PGC) is a civil society and peoples’ movement-led conference organized in parallel to the official IMF-WBG Annual Meetings in Bali, Indonesia. The conference, which has attracted around 300 registrants from Indonesia and all over the world, seeks to discuss the impacts of IMF-World Bank’s policies to people and communities and their demands.

In September, the government of Indonesia announced an island-wide ban of all public events during the IMF-WBG Annual Meetings. The announcement is clearly a violation of peoples’ freedom of assembly and expression. The PGC was organized in the auditorium of the Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI), a private space. The venue’s deposit had been paid on 24th September and the contract with the management had been signed on the same date.

On Oct 10, 2018, the PGC national organizers received a message from the Radio Republic Indonesia management saying that the event was being cancelled because of lack of permit from the national police.

September 20

The Bali police issued an island-wide ban of all public events during the IMF-WBG Annual Meetings in Bali, specifically from the 1st to the 15th of October.

October 3

On Wednesday afternoon, the Bali Intelligence Police though having introduced an island-wide ban and having required the PGC organizers to secure a permit for the PGC, denied the local organizers the permit for the PGC in the RRI auditorium. Following which the RRI management sent a sudden advisory disallowing the use of the venue because of “urgent renovations.”

October 5

PGC national organizers and the Bali Intelligence Police subsequently held a dialog at the Bali Police headquarters. Around 100 activists held a demonstration outside to decry the ban. The Chief of the Bali Intelligence Police verbally agreed to lift the ban on the PGC and phoned the management of the RRI to allow the use of the RRI auditorium for the PGC from 10 to 14 October.

October 6

AM: PGC held a press conference at the Bali Legal Aid office in Denpasar, Bali to report on the ban of the Indonesian police on all gathering and assembly in Bali.

PM: PGC national organizing committee received the written approval from Bali Intelligence Police allowing the use of RRI for the PGC.

October 8

AM: Several of the local organizers and volunteers individuals and residents reported receiving anonymous text messages against the PGC. The text messages warned the public from joining the PGC while also accusing the PGC as “anti-development”. The text messages were sent while several people’s organizations held a rally in Bajra Sandhi Monument, Denpasar, Bali in time for the opening of the IMF-WB Annual Meeting.

PM: The PGC National Coordinators (Wawan Sabar and Helda Khasmy) and the Bali Legal Aid Director received another series of text messages from an anonymous number. The sender threatened that they were being monitored and admonished them to desist from holding the PGC.

October 9

PGC submitted a notice to the Bali Police about the planned mass mobilization on Oct. 12 (opening of PGC) and on Oct. 14 (closing of PGC). The police informed the organizers of the PGC that they would now require a copy of the passports and identification documents of all the international delegates of the PGC.

October 10

AM: The management of Radio Republik Indonesia (RRI) Auditorium informed the PGC national organizers that they were cancelling the conference for the second time because the PGC “lacked permit from the National Police in Jakarta”, and that the organizers failed to “submit the names and copies of passports of the international delegates,” and that they “violated (unspecified) national government policies.”


PM: Wawan Sabar of INDIES raised the issue of repressive measures against peoples’ movements and civil society in general, and the Peoples’ Global Conference in particular, at the CSO Town Hall session with IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde and World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim. Lagarde and Kim mentioned that they were aware of the PGC and had talked to the authorities.
PGC organizers started negotiating with the marketing staff of Hotel Nirmala in an effort to find an alternative venue for the PGC the next day. Hotel Nirmala agreed to host the PGC. Payments were made with the Hotel Nirmala marketing team for the rental of the meeting rooms and food.

 

October 11

2:00 AM: Village paramilitary group harassed and drove away around 20 PGC youth volunteers staying at Bali Legal Aid headquarters.

8:45 AM: Police in the early hours of the morning had informed the managers of the new venue for the PGC that the PGC organizers must submit a police permit for the event. The managers of the Nirmala Hotel told the PGC organizers that they did not know the event was “against the World Bank and IMF” and subsequently cancelled their initial agreement to host the PGC at the hotel.

9:00: Local and international civil society groups gathered at a meeting room in Hotel Nirmala for a debriefing with the PGC organizers.
11:00: PGC organizers and participants gathered in front of Hotel Nirmala for a quick rally and press conference. They were immediately shooed away by hotel staff. Several Bali Intelligence Police officers were present at the Nirmala Hotel and were seen taking videos and pictures of participants.

12:30 PM: Civil society groups at the Bali International Convention Center held a lightning rally denouncing Indonesia’s repressive measure of disallowing public actions and IMF-WBG role in the violation of peoples’ right to free speech and assembly.

Media coverage:
Jakarta Post: Activists slam police for blocking anti-IMF event in Bali

Washington Post: Rights groups say police stifled talks in Bali

Getty Images: Activists slam police for blocking anti IMF event in Bali


Social Media:

Facebook: http://fb.com/peoplesglobalconference
Twitter: @PeoplevsIMFWB
Website: peoplesglobalconference.weebly.com

 

Reference:

Kurniawan Sabar (INDIES): kurniawansabar@gmail.com/+628112011868
Ivan Enrile (Asia Pacific Research Network): ienrile@aprnet.org/+639957668397 (WhatsApp)

Uphold the Peoples’ Right to Speech and Assembly!

The International Indigenous Peoples’ Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) calls on the Government of Indonesia (GoI) to uphold the peoples’ right to speech and assembly as we join the Peoples’ Global Conference Against IMF-WB and the Gerakan Rakyat Menentang (Peoples’ Global Movement Against) IMF-WB in condemning Bali authorities’ attempts to suppress peoples’ independent initiatives parallel to the Annual Meetings 2018.

This step by the GoI further shrinks the democratic space and offensively quells the marginalized voices of the citizens – the Indigenous Peoples, national minorities, peasant, workers, youth, women among others. With the GoI’s action, the realization of the rights of the people in exercising holistic engagement, united participation and equitable consultation in sharing actual experiences by airing redress and grievances are defeated.

We challenge the sincerity of the IMF-WB in reducing poverty and fostering human rights, to immediately call on the GoI to lift all restrictions on the free exercise of the rights to speech, expression, and assembly by acknowledging the Peoples’ Global Conference’s demands.

We decisively call on the GoI to respect the peoples’ democratic rights and withdraw all attempts to hamper the independent and alternative initiatives forwarded by the Peoples’ Global Conference.

[SPANISH]

DEFENDER EL DERECHO DE LOS PUEBLOS A LA PALABRA Y A LA ASAMBLEA!

El Movimiento Internacional de los Pueblos Indígenas por la Autodeterminación y la Liberación (IPMSDL) hace un llamado al Gobierno de Indonesia (GoI) para que defienda el derecho de los pueblos a la palabra y a la asamblea al unirse a la Conferencia Mundial de los Pueblos contra el FMI-BM y el Gerakan Takyat Menetang (Movimiento Mundial de los Pueblos contra el FMI-BM) del FMI-BM al condenar los intentos de las autoridades de Bali de suprimir las iniciativas independientes de los pueblos paralelamente a las Reuniones Anuales de 2018.

Este paso del Gobierno de Indonesia reduce aún más el espacio democrático y sofoca ofensivamente las voces marginadas de los ciudadanos: los pueblos indígenas, las minorías nacionales, los campesinos, los trabajadores, los jóvenes y las mujeres, entre otros. Con la acción del Gobierno de Indonesia, la realización de los derechos de las personas en el ejercicio de un compromiso holístico, la participación unida y la consulta equitativa en el intercambio de experiencias reales mediante la expresión de la reparación y los agravios son derrotados.

Desafiamos la sinceridad del FMI-BM en la reducción de la pobreza y la promoción de los derechos humanos, y pedimos al Gobierno de Indonesia que levante todas las restricciones al libre ejercicio de los derechos de expresión, expresión y reunión, reconociendo las demandas de la Conferencia Mundial de los Pueblos.

Pedimos al Gobierno de la India que respete los derechos democráticos de los pueblos y que retire todos los intentos de obstaculizar las iniciativas independientes y alternativas presentadas por la Conferencia Mundial de los Pueblos.

[FRENCH]

DÉFENDRE LE DROIT DES PEUPLES À LA PAROLE ET AU RASSEMBLEMENT !

Le Mouvement international des peuples autochtones pour l’autodétermination et la libération (IPMSDL) appelle le gouvernement indonésien à défendre le droit des peuples à la parole et au rassemblement alors que nous nous joignons à la Conférence mondiale des peuples contre le FMI-BM et au Gerakan Takyat Menetang (Mouvement mondial des peuples contre le FMI-BM) pour condamner les tentatives des autorités de Bali de supprimer les initiatives indépendantes populaires parallèles aux assemblées annuelles 2018.

Cette mesure du gouvernement indonésien rétrécit encore l’espace démocratique et réduit à néant les voix marginalisées des citoyens – les peuples autochtones, les minorités nationales, les paysans, les travailleurs, les jeunes, les femmes, etc. Grâce à l’action du Gouvernement indonésien, la réalisation des droits de la population dans l’exercice d’un engagement holistique, d’une participation unie et de consultations équitables dans le partage d’expériences réelles par l’expression de recours et de griefs est vaincue.

Nous contestons la sincérité du FMI-BM dans la réduction de la pauvreté et la promotion des droits de l’homme, et nous demandons au gouvernement de lever immédiatement toutes les restrictions au libre exercice des droits à la parole, à l’expression et à la réunion en reconnaissant les exigences de la Conférence mondiale des peuples.

Nous appelons résolument le Gouvernement indonésien à respecter les droits démocratiques des peuples et à retirer toutes les tentatives visant à entraver les initiatives indépendantes et alternatives présentées par la Conférence mondiale des peuples.

From Kathmandu to Tarai: Fast-Tracked Destruction of Indigenous Lands and Communities

Ten kilometers from the busy streets of Kathmandu City lies the simple Indigenous Newari Village of Khokana. This village is one of the first, if not the oldest, civilization of Nepal dating back to the Malla Era in the 13th century. It is also the first place in Nepal to be lit by electricity in 1911.

This tiny village has a population of around 15,000 Newar people, much of them depending on agriculture for a living. Although the villagers also gain income from wood carving, handicrafts, and tourism-related jobs, subsistence farming is still their primary means of livelihood. The village is well known for its traditional production of mustard oil.

The Khokana Museum. The sign reads: “This is the first house with electric light provided in Nepal”

This historic village was one of those gravely affected by the 2015 Gorkha Earthquake which led to the destruction of most of the Newar houses, local businesses, and cultural heritage sites. Three years later, it could be seen that the village is still recovering from the devastations brought about by the earthquake with construction materials from adobe bricks to metal poles lying around. Nevertheless, it still remains one of the major cultural tourist attractions in the country.

On top of a hill, a 20-minute walk from the village center, sits the Sikali Temple dedicated to the Goddess Rudrayani. One of the most awaited celebration in the village is the week-long harvest festival called Sikali Jatra. During this time of the year, the community, together with devotees and some tourists, come together to feast, dance, and perform various rituals. The whole celebration is put together by the three selected members of the community’s religious and cultural institution, the Ta-Guthi, Sala Guthi, and Jhahu Guthi.

Another feat of the Sikali Temple is the seven ancient alphabets painted on stones believed to be the scripts used by the community when they have begun writing.

The Sikali Temple

From the hill top, one gets a majestic view of the mountains and rice terraces. And below the hill runs the Bagmati River which serves as the border between the districts of Kathmandu on the west and Lalitpur in the east, where Khokana is located.

Despite the seemingly rich lands and vibrant culture of Khokana, this sacred place is once again under threat – not by an earthquake or any natural disaster – but by the construction of the Kathmandu Fast Track Expressway. The said expressway is planned to run through 58 villages, which includes Khokana, threatening to displace at least 150,00 villagers and destroy agricultural lands and cultural and religious sites, including the Sikali Temple and several other sacred temples and ponds along the way up to the hill.

A marker stone indicating the site through which the Fast Track Project shall pass

The Fast Track infrastructure project has begun construction work in May 2017. The Lawyers’ Association for Human Rights of Nepalese Indigenous Peoples (LAHURNIP), an organization helping the community on the case, said that it has been very hard to negotiate with the Nepali Government and it seemed that the ultimate compromise might result in re-routing the Fast Track.

The 76-km fast track project, under the management of the Nepali Army, is just one among the many infrastructure projects laid out by the government for Khokana. The government has also drawn up plans for an Outer Ring Road, the Bagmati Corridor, a smart city, and a high voltage transmission line. According to the villagers, these were all decided without community consultations nor a comprehensive plan for compensation and livelihood.

On a national scale, the Government of Nepal is undertaking numerous road and energy projects in partnership with Chinese Government under the One Belt, One Road (OBOR) Initiative. Nepal entered the OBOR scheme, along with its fellow South Asian countries Pakistan and Sri Lanka, in the hopes of creating connectivity with other regions and opening up new economic opportunities for the country thru multi-billion dollar loans and foreign investments.
However, the OBOR scheme has become a ‘debt trap’ for least developed countries incapable of paying back billion-dollar loans as in the case of Sri Lanka who was force to turn over its Hambantota port to China as collateral.

At a micro-level, OBOR projects continuously cause damages to indigenous communities by forcefully displacing them out of their ancestral lands. The OBOR has also high chances of taking its toll on Nepal’s already vulnerable environment. Large-scale construction on the fragile terrain pose a serious threat to the country’s mountain ecosystem. Given the present record of companies always failing to conduct Environment Impact Assessments (EIAs), it is most likely that the country’s environment and its peoples will pay the extra price for these projects in the long run.

The concept of development has been watered down by governments and international financial institutions to mere infrastructure building and road expansions that will supposedly “ease traffic jams”. Those who proclaim this kind of development fail to see that genuine development is one that is people-centered. Development is not merely measured by the abstract changes in percentages of a country’s GDP but by how the ordinary people live, or attempt to get by, day by day.

These profit-driven ventures guised as development projects have shown to always put profit before the peoples’ welfare and thus, it cannot be expected that they will carry out the process of free, prior, and informed consent (FPIC) that is fair and in favor to the rights of the people. Studies from other parts of Asia reported that the FPIC processes has been repeatedly manipulated, circumvented or intently bypassed by multinational and transnational corporations and other private entities, while the government either remains toothless or complicit towards land-grabbers.

One of China’s ODA projects in Nepal is the restoration work of the nine-storey Basantapur Tower, a World Cultural Heritage Site at the Durbar Square in Kathmandu

International Financial Institutions (IFI) are just as involved in these projects. The Asian Development Bank (ADB) played a significant role in the fate of Khokana as it was their feasibility study that was used as basis for the initiation of the fast track project. The ADB is not entirely reputable with Indigenous Peoples in the country either. Road expansion projects funded by the ADB and the World Bank (WB) have blatantly violated not only international standards and national policies, but also their own human rights policies.

The negative implications of forced displacement, systemic land-grabbing, and cultural and environment plunder is not concerns the indigenous peoples but consequently jeopardizes the entire community’s welfare and human rights. Last March, three people were arrested as state police forces violently dispersed protestors calling out the destruction of heritage sites and displacement of Indigenous communities in Kathmandu.

A challenge to recognize the Indigenous Peoples and put an end to all forms of attacks against them and all IP and human rights defenders in Nepal is posed by the International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL).

In addition, the genuine implementation of the FPIC process with respect to the new federal constitution the Government of Nepal, especially the concerned ministries, is yet to be realized. As the Government prides itself for having an inclusive provisions on the rights of Indigenous Peoples in writing, it is time to hold it true in practice. FPIC must not merely offer a certain amount of compensation or a relocation site to the villagers. Rather, it is the people’s legitimate right to accept or reject the project based on their collective decision as a community.

The Nepal Constitution states in the section on state policies relating to social justice and inclusion that “indigenous nationalities are to participate in decisions concerning that community… to ensure the right of these nationalities to live with dignity, along with their identity, and protect and promote traditional knowledge, skill, culture, social tradition and experience of the indigenous nationalities and local communities.” Moreover, earlier this year, a landmark decision by the Nepal Supreme Court supports the importance of the affected community’s participation in decision making.

 

On the Signing of Escazú Agreement – A big leap for IP and environment rights

Desplácese hacia abajo para ver la traducción al español
Défilement vers le bas pour la traduction français

On the Signing of Escazú Agreement – A big leap for IP and environment rights

The International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self-Determination and Liberation (IPMSDL) welcomes the historical step of twelve Latin American and Caribbean countries in approving the Regional Agreement on Access to Information, Public Participation, and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters in Latin America and the Caribbean (Escazú Agreement). This is a leap for the struggle of the Indigenous Peoples (IP) and environment defenders for their lands, security, and right to life. The Escazú Agreement, named after the canton in Costa Rica where it was initially adopted on March 4, 2018, is based on the Principle 10, also known as the environmental democracy principle of the 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development.

On September 27, the Escazú Agreement, was ensured for ratification during the 73rd UN General Assembly in New York by Antigua and Barbuda, St. Lucia, Costa Rica, Guyana, Mexico, Panama, Uruguay, Peru, Ecuador, Brazil, Guatemala and Argentina. The Escazú Agreement, which calls for the protection of environmental and land defenders who are usually indigenous leaders and rights activists, is a landmark in Latin America where there are widespread cases of killings, harassments, vilification, and criminalization of those who stand against anti-people state policies and destructive operations of giant corporations.

Reports have shown that in the 197 documented killings in 2017 that are linked to land and indigenous territory disputes, Brazil, Columbia, and Mexico contributed some of the highest numbers. The Escazú Treaty, once ratified, must be followed by the implementation of state mechanisms to guarantee the protection of environmental defenders, and investigation and punishment of the perpetrators of these attacks. It also puts emphasis on the decisive role of peoples on the projects that will impact their communities, and they also have rights to have open access to all public information, as well as genuine representation and participation on any development projects affecting them.

The International IPMSDL is hopeful for the commitment shown by the 12 countries, and most importantly, salutes the relentless effort of the peoples and organizations in their struggle for environmental defenders, IP leaders, and advocates falling victims to human rights violations. We welcome the Escazu Agreement as another layer of defense, in addition to the existing internationally recognized rights, that other countries like Columbia and Honduras must immediately take up. Similarly, Asia and Africa, areas with likewise increasing cases of attacks of IP and environmental defenders, must immediately follow. But until the right to self-determination and social justice, environmental protection, and human rights are enjoined on the ground, the cry for justice and accountability from huge corporations plundering IP lands and attacking communities, and from governments and local cohorts enabling these offensives, must be continuously echoed worldwide. The International IPMSDL believes that vigilance and strengthened solidarity among the people, international unity and broadening struggle will ultimately provide the guarantee in realizing their rights.

 

Reference: Beverly Longid, Global Coordinator | info@ipmsdl.org

Traducción por DeepL

 

Sobre la firma del Acuerdo de Escazú – Un gran salto para los derechos de Pueblos Indígenas y el medio ambiente

El Movimiento Internacional de los Pueblos Indígenas por la Autodeterminación y la Liberación (IPMSDL) acoge con beneplácito el paso histórico dado por doce países de América Latina y el Caribe al aprobar el Acuerdo Regional sobre Acceso a la Información, Participación Pública y Acceso a la Justicia en Materia Ambiental en América Latina y el Caribe (Acuerdo de Escazú). Este es un salto en la lucha de los Pueblos Indígenas (PI) y los defensores del medio ambiente por sus tierras, seguridad y derecho a la vida. El Acuerdo de Escazú, que lleva el nombre del cantón de Costa Rica donde fue adoptado inicialmente el 4 de marzo de 2018, se basa en el Principio 10, también conocido como el principio de democracia ambiental de la Declaración de Río sobre Medio Ambiente y Desarrollo de 1992.

El 27 de septiembre, el Acuerdo de Escazú fue ratificado por Antigua y Barbuda, Santa Lucía, Costa Rica, Guyana, México, Panamá, Uruguay, Perú, Ecuador, Brasil, Guatemala y Argentina durante la 73ª Asamblea General de la ONU en Nueva York. El Acuerdo de Escazú, que exige la protección de los defensores del medio ambiente y de la tierra, que suelen ser líderes y activistas de los derechos de los indígenas, es un hito en América Latina, donde hay casos generalizados de asesinatos, hostigamientos, vilipendio y criminalización de quienes se oponen a las políticas estatales antipopulares y a las operaciones destructivas de las corporaciones gigantescas.

Los informes han demostrado que en los 197 asesinatos documentados en 2017 que están relacionados con disputas por tierras y territorios indígenas, Brasil, Colombia y México contribuyeron con algunas de las cifras más altas. El Tratado de Escazú, una vez ratificado, debe ir seguido de la implementación de mecanismos estatales que garanticen la protección de los defensores del medio ambiente, así como la investigación y sanción de los autores de estos ataques. También pone énfasis en el papel decisivo de los pueblos en los proyectos que impactarán a sus comunidades, y también tienen derecho a tener acceso abierto a toda la información pública, así como a una representación y participación genuinas en cualquier proyecto de desarrollo que los afecte.

La IPMSDL Internacional espera el compromiso mostrado por los 12 países y, lo que es más importante, saluda los esfuerzos incansables de los pueblos y organizaciones en su lucha por los defensores del medio ambiente, los líderes de la PI y los defensores de los derechos humanos que han sido víctimas de violaciones de los derechos humanos. Acogemos con beneplácito el Acuerdo de Escazú como otra capa de defensa, además de los derechos internacionalmente reconocidos existentes, que otros países como Colombia y Honduras deben asumir de inmediato. Del mismo modo, Asia y África, zonas con un número igualmente creciente de casos de ataques de defensores de la PI y del medio ambiente, deben seguir de inmediato. Pero hasta que el derecho a la autodeterminación y la justicia social, la protección del medio ambiente y los derechos humanos se prohíban sobre el terreno, el grito de justicia y rendición de cuentas de las grandes corporaciones que saquean las tierras de los PI y atacan a las comunidades, y de los gobiernos y las cohortes locales que permiten estas ofensivas, debe hacerse eco continuamente en todo el mundo. El IPMSDL Internacional cree que la vigilancia y el fortalecimiento de la solidaridad entre los pueblos, la unidad internacional y la ampliación de la lucha serán, en última instancia, la garantía para la realización de sus derechos.

Traduction par DeepL

 

Sur la signature de l’Accord d’Escazú – Un grand bond en avant pour les droits de Peuples Autochtones et les droits environnementaux

Le Mouvement international des peuples autochtones pour l’autodétermination et la libération (IPMSDL) se félicite de l’étape historique franchie par douze pays d’Amérique latine et des Caraïbes en approuvant l’Accord régional sur l’accès à l’information, la participation du public et l’accès à la justice en matière environnementale en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes (Accord Escazú). C’est un bond en avant pour la lutte des peuples autochtones et des défenseurs de l’environnement pour leurs terres, leur sécurité et leur droit à la vie. L’Accord d’Escazú, du nom du canton du Costa Rica où il a été initialement adopté le 4 mars 2018, est basé sur le Principe 10, également connu sous le nom de principe de démocratie environnementale de la Déclaration de Rio de 1992 sur l’environnement et le développement.

Le 27 septembre, l’Accord d’Escazú a été ratifié par Antigua-et-Barbuda, Sainte-Lucie, le Costa Rica, le Guyana, le Mexique, le Panama, l’Uruguay, le Pérou, l’Équateur, le Brésil, l’Argentine, le Guatemala et l’Équateur lors de la 73e Assemblée générale des Nations Unies à New York. L’Accord d’Escazú, qui appelle à la protection des défenseurs de l’environnement et de la terre, qui sont généralement des dirigeants autochtones et des militants des droits de l’homme, est un jalon important en Amérique latine, où l’on enregistre de nombreux cas de meurtres, de harcèlement, de diffamation et de criminalisation de ceux qui s’opposent aux politiques publiques anti-populaires et aux activités destructrices de grandes entreprises.

Des rapports ont montré que sur les 197 assassinats documentés en 2017 qui sont liés à des conflits fonciers et territoriaux autochtones, le Brésil, la Colombie et le Mexique ont contribué à certains des plus grands nombres. Le traité d’Escazú, une fois ratifié, doit être suivi de la mise en œuvre de mécanismes étatiques visant à garantir la protection des défenseurs de l’environnement, ainsi que des enquêtes et des sanctions contre les auteurs de ces attaques. Elle met également l’accent sur le rôle décisif des peuples dans les projets qui auront un impact sur leurs communautés, et ils ont également le droit d’avoir un accès ouvert à toutes les informations publiques, ainsi qu’une représentation et une participation réelles à tout projet de développement les concernant.

L’IPMSDL internationale espère que les 12 pays feront preuve d’engagement et, surtout, salue les efforts inlassables des peuples et des organisations dans leur lutte pour les défenseurs de l’environnement, les dirigeants de la Peuples autochtones et les défenseurs des droits de l’homme qui sont victimes de violations de ces droits. Nous nous félicitons de l’Accord d’Escazu en tant qu’autre niveau de défense, en plus des droits internationalement reconnus existants, que d’autres pays comme la Colombie et le Honduras doivent immédiatement prendre en charge. De même, l’Asie et l’Afrique, régions où les attaques de défenseurs de la peuples autochtones et de défenseurs de l’environnement sont également en augmentation, doivent immédiatement suivre. Mais tant que le droit à l’autodétermination et à la justice sociale, la protection de l’environnement et les droits de l’homme ne seront pas entérinés sur le terrain, le cri de justice et de responsabilité lancé par les grandes entreprises qui pillent les terres de peuples autochtones et attaquent les communautés, et par les gouvernements et cohortes locales qui permettent ces attaques, doit être constamment entendu à travers le monde. L’IPMSDL estime que la vigilance et le renforcement de la solidarité entre les peuples, l’unité internationale et l’élargissement de la lutte permettront à terme de garantir la réalisation de leurs droits.

PM: Sabah and Sarawak want autonomy, not independence

This article was written by Tracy Patrick for FMT News

Dr Mahathir says he is granting Sabah and Sarawak the autonomy they are seeking. (Bernama pic)

KOTA KINABALU: Prime Minister Dr Mahathir Mohamad believes Sabahans and Sarawakians will not ask for independence, even though there is no provision in the Malaysia Agreement 1963 (MA63) that they cannot do so.

Speaking at a dinner event with Malaysians in New York on Friday, Mahathir said he was given the impression that Sabahans and Sarawakians only want autonomy over some matters.

“They never asked for independence but they asked to have autonomy over certain matters, so we are granting them that autonomy.

“In fact, when I made an announcement in Sabah that we will recognise the three states of Sabah, Sarawak and Malaya, people cheered heartily because that is what they want, but not independence,” he said.

Mahathir, who became a prime minister again for the second time, was asked whether he would support the Bornean states if they wished to assert their right to self-determination to achieve their independence.

This followed Mahathir’s promise to restore the special status of Sabah and Sarawak as territories that form the Federation of Malaysia.

“No. I do not support their independence but we told them that we will go back to the 1963 agreement in which the participants were Malaya, Sabah and Sarawak.

“It was a tripartite agreement that we wanted to form a federation. That was the agreement,” he said.

Historically, the agreement to form Malaysia was sealed by the British, as colonial masters of Sabah and Sarawak and involved a few leaders from both provinces who were handpicked by the British themselves.

‘Consider wishes of people’

According to International Indigenous Peoples Movement for Self Determination and Liberation Asia coordinator Andrew Ambrose, the process failed to consider the wishes and voices of the people which could have been achieved through a proper referendum as was done in Singapore and Malaya.

Sabah and Sarawak, he said, are now left in the limbo because of this lack of democratic process and disregard to the principle of self-determination by the colonial powers and their successors.

For this reason, he said the Philippines still wants to claim Sabah.

“The people of Sabah and Sarawak have the right according to international law to self-determination.

“The New Malaysia must not repeat the previous government’s mistakes and must now carry out the due process.

“The people of Sabah and Sarawak can stand on their own feet now and thus they should be given the opportunity to move forward and decide their own future,” he said.

Ambrose believed the federal government has nothing to fear in allowing a proper referendum in both provinces, as shown by what happened in Scotland in 2014.

In the referendum, the Scottish voted not to be an independent country, preferring instead to stay with the United Kingdom.

“Now, after 55 years, the time is ripe for Sabahans and Sarawakians to have a similar referendum.

“This due process is important for Sabah and Sarawak to realise their potential and reconcile with their past in the context and challenges of today as self-determined indigenous people,” he said.